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Ex Hililiother.-i 
SS: Rod cm tor is ^ 
X.-w York a. St. 





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(In continuation of Papers presented to Parliament, 

March 27, 1851.) 

Presented to both Houses of Parliament by Command of Her Majesty. 






1. Lord Cowley to Viscount Palmerston 
Six Inclosures. 

1. M. Hassenpflug to Lord Cowley 

2. Decree of August 31, 1829, sanctioning the Papal Bulls of 

August 16, 1821, and April 11, 1827 

3. Decree of September 18, 1829, for the foundation of the 

Bishopric of Fulda 

4. Decree of August 30, 1829, respecting: the nomination of 

Catholic priests 

5. Proclamation of the Minister of the Interior, of January 

25, 1834, respecting right of Ecclesiastical censure and 
punishment appertaining to the Bishop of Fulda 

6. Ordinance of January 30, 1830, relative to the exercise of 

the sovereign right of protection and superintendence over 
the Catholic Church 


14, 1851 1 






NASSAU, &c. 

2. Lord Cowley to Viscount Palmerston 
Fourteen Inclosures. 

1. Prince Wintzingerode to Lord Cowley 

2. Edict of January 23, 1826, respecting payments for extracts 

from Civil Registers 

3. Edict of April 27, 1827, respecting wood stipend of the 


4. Edict of July 9, 1827, respecting presentation in benefices 

of patronage 

5. Edict of December 29, 1827, respecting nomination to an 

Evangelical Bishopric 

6. Edict of October 9, 1827, respecting formation of Central 

Catholic Church Fund 

7. Edict of August 20, 1831, respecting the concession of the 

advantages of charitable institutions, &c., to the Central 
Catholic Church Fund 

8. Edict of October 9, 1827, sanctioning Papal Bulls of 

August 16, 1821, and April 11, 1827 

9. Papal Bull of August 16, 1821 

10. Papal Bull of April 11, 1827 

11. Decree of November 23, 1827, erecting and defining the 

boundaries of the Diocese of Limburg 

12. Ducal Proclamation of January 30, 1830, respecting the 

position of. the Church province of Upper Rhine and its 

13. Proclamation of September 16, 1836, respecting publication 

of Banns 

14. Edict of August 31, 1803, respecting the limits of the 

powers of the Sovereign and of the Bishop . . . 

March 21, 
March 16, 








3. The Hon. W. Temple to Viscount Palmerston . . 

.. April 3, 67 

Further Correspondence respecting the Relations existing 
between Foreign Governments and the Court of 


No. 1. 

Lord Cowley to Viscount Palmerston. (Received April 17.) 

My Lord, Frankfort, April 14, 1851. 

I HAVE the honour to inclose herewith a translation of the answer 
to the note which I informed your Lordship in my despatch of the 21st 
ultimo, I had addressed to the Government of Hesse Cassel, asking for 
information relative to the nomination of Roman Catholic bishops and 
clergy in that country. 

The documents referred to are inclosed in original. 

The information derived from these smaller States is only valuable 
from the fact that no Concordat exists between them and the See of 

I have, &c. 
(Signed) COWLEY. 

Inclosure 1 in No. 1. 

M. Hassenpflug to Lord Cowley. 

My Lord, Cassel, April 8, 1851. 

IN answer to your Excellency s note of the 14th ultimo, in which 
information is requested on the degree of spiritual authority which the 
Pope exercises over the Roman Catholics in Foreign States, as well as the 
laws and usages which obtain in the Electorate with reference to the 
Roman Catholic interest in the proceedings for the nomination and induc 
tion of bishops and clergymen, I have the honour to make the following 

In the Electorate there exists no especial Concordat with the Roman 
Court. Hesse is rather, as far as concerns the Roman Catholic interest, 
with the Bishopric of Fulda, which includes the Hessian territory, and 
also some part of the Grand Duchy of Saxe Weimar, a part of the tipper 
Rhine Catholic province (of the Archbishopric of Freiburg), to which, 
besides the Electorate (Bishopric of Fulda). the Kingdom of Wurtemberg 
(Bishopric of Rottenburg) ; the Grand Duchy of Baden (Archbishopric of 
Freiburg); the Grand Duchy of Hesse (Bishopric of Mayence) ; and the 
Duchy of Nassau, with the Free Town of Frankfort (Bishopric of Lim- 
burg , belong. 

The affairs of this church province, in consequence of previous 
arrangements in common with the above-named States with the Roman 

[157] B 


Court, are regulated by the Papal bulls, Provida solersque of Pope Pius 
VII, of the 16th of August, 1821,* and Dominici gregis custodiam of Pope 
Leo XII, of the llth April 1827,f and these bulls were sanctioned by the 
Electoral Decree of the 31st August, 1829, a copy of which is inclosed, and 
their announcement in all Catholic churches of Electoral Hesse was per 
mitted ; in these bulls are contained the general basis of the regulations 
for the Catholic Church in the Electorate. 

In conformity with these arrangements, the Decree for the foundation 
of the Bishopric of Fulda was issued on the 18th September, 1829, the 
amended extracts from which will afford complete information on most 
of the points mentioned in your note of the 14th ultimo. I may likewise 
remark, that in the two elections for the Bishopric of Fulda. which have 
since taken place, these arrangements have been fully acted up to ; and it 
might conduce to the right understanding of the case to observe further, 
that that foundation of the Bishopric of Fulda was the renewal of the 
Bishopric of Fulda which originated in the Princely Abbey of Fulda, which 
existed since the middle of last century till the year 1814 (temporarily 
secularised in 1803), and was newly endowed in accordance with altered 

The nomination of the Catholic priests was regulated by the Decree 
of the 30th August, 1829, which is likewise herewith communicated, and 
the position of certain official rights of bishops in connexion with the civil 
power was formed for the regulation of the 31st August, 1829. This 
regulation was afterwards in the Constitution of the 5th January, 1834, 
made known by the annexed proclamation of the Ministry of the Interior. 

Upon this followed the Ordinance of the 30th January, 1830, which is 
likewise inclosed, relating to the exercise of the right of protection and 
supervision of the Government over the Catholic Church in Electoral 
Hesse, which was likewise issued in the same terms and on the same day 
by all the Governments of the States belonging to the church province of 
the Upper Rhine, against which, however, at least, in reference to several 
points, an appeal was raised by the Bishops of the Province of the Upper 
Rhine by order of the Pope, because these points were not supposed to 
agree with the contents of the bulls before referred to. 

The present occasion is much valued by me for renewing, &c. 


Inclosure 2 in No. 1. 

Decree of August 31, 1829, sanctioning Papal Bulls of August 16, 1S21, and 

April 11, 1827. 

aSetotbnung om Slften 9lugujt 1829. 

TO e g e n 2? e t f u n b t g u n g b e r ^Sbftlidjen 93 u II e n, i e I $ e b i e (5 r r t <$* 
tang b e 93 t 3 1 ty u m 3 $ u I b a unb bic it b 1 1 g e 93 1 1 b it n g 
e i n e t o b e r t*b, c i n i f eft. e n fatb,oltf<f>en ^tr^en^rosinj 

93on @otte naben SBtt SBtfljelm bet lite, Jlutfitrft jc. K. 

tfyitn permit f unb : 

a bt e jMbfHicfc s -8ulfe bom IGten Sluguft 1821, iveldje mtt ben Shorten: "Pro 
vida solersque," intb bicjeuigc bom 1 Hen ftjtyrU 1827, nxldjic mtt ben Shorten: "Ad 
dpminici gregis custodiam" bcgitmt, in fo uxit joldje bte 53tibung btt oberrfydnifcfyett 
fttvobentn-oinify bte S3cgten,ytng, 2(u3ftottwuj unb <$umcb,tttng bet baju gefybttgen fitnf 
2M3t()umcf mtt ifyven bomfcuMtetn, fowie bte ^efe^ung te3 et^nf^oflt^cn ttt^lrt, bet 
Bifd)of{ic^en @titl)le unb bet teflcn am ^Domflifte gum egenftnnbe ^aben, von Un 
angenommen luot.ben ftnb unb Unfeve lanbeSfyevrliite :nef)migung cttjalten b,aben, ob,ne 
)a jeboc^ aitS bcnfelbeu aitf ttgenb eine SBetfe jemalS etttaS abgcleitet obet begrflnbet 
icerben butfe, iua Unfcren ^>o^ett3ted;ten tnttag tf)uu fonnte, obet ben 

* See Nassau, p. 32. t See Nassau, p. 47. 


intb 3?cwt>mtngcn, ben ergfci[$ofli<$cn unb fcifcfcbflicfcen 33efugmffen, ober ben ctcc&t* 
famcn bcv euangelifdjcn .Honfeffton unb Jlircfyc cutgcgcn ware; fo geftatteu SBir tic 
SBcfauntmadntng btefcr Mullen in alien fattyolifcfcen Jvtvdien Unfcvcc Saute, unb sericetfcu 
gugletofy itcgcn bercn 2>on$teft i ung cutf bte Ccc-fmtti crgcfyenDen ircitevcn 2(tierbiutngcn. 
Urfunblicfc Uufcrcr cigcnfyaitC tgcn Untevfcfcrift unD fcc3 kigebviicftcn StaatoftegelS 

gcgefcen 311 ABilt;clm3^e am Sljlen 2(uguft 162JJL 

SB 1 1 ft c I in, Jhirfiirjt. 
(St. @.) 

Vt. Sir s?. 


Decree of August 31, 1829, concerning the publication of the Papal bulls 
which relate to the erection of the Bishopric of Fulda, and the further 
formation of an Upper Rhine Catholic Church province. 

We, William the Second, by the grace of God, Elector, &c., hereby make 
known : 

WHEREAS the Papal bull of 16th August, 1821, which begins with the 
words " Provida solersque," and that of llth April, which begins with the 
words " Ad dominici gregis custodiam," have, in so far as they relate to the 
formation of the Upper Rhine Chuich Province, the limitation, endowment, and 
regulation of the five bishoprics thereto belonging, with their cathedral chapters, 
as also the filling of the archiepiscopal see, the episcopal sees, and the appoint 
ments of the cathedral establishment, been adopted by us, and received our 
sovereign approval : provided always, that nothing therein shall be construed 
or considered as interfering with our sovereign rights, opposed to the laws and 
ordinances of the land, the archiepiscopal and episcopal privileges, or the rights 
of the Evangelical confession and church, we therefore authorize the publica 
tion ot these bulls in all the Catholic churches of our dominions, and at the 
same time refer for their fulfilment to the enactments to be hereafter issued for 
the purpose. 

Witness our hand and the State Seal thereto affixed, at Wilhelmshohe, 
August 31, 1829. 

(L.S.) WILLIAM, Elector. 

(Countersigned) VON MET SEN BUG. 

Inclosure 3 in No. 1. 

Decree of September 18, 1829, for the Foundation of the Bishopric of Fulda. 
2C u 6 j u g. Urfunbe uber bie -Rurfurjllicfye gunbation be3 S3itl>um gulba oom Satyr 1829. 

S3on cite$ nabcn Bir SEilfcetm brr lite ^urfurfl p. p. tyun kr mit !unb. 



Scr bifdiSflidse Stu^I rnirb burd) Me 2Sat) beffjtj bte gorm bcrfctbcn i(l folgenbe: 

go oft fccr bifdjofliftc i& erkfcigt iff/ Vat bag .Kapitet inncrtalb cincg 9)!cnatf, oem SrlcbigungStage an grre*ne(, 
Un5 etn SScrgdclimji bcrjenigen Biojofan-^fifllid^n corjuicgcn, ipelrije baffdbe fur icurbig unb t<3ugli<^ tjalt/ bcr ^ird;e 
mit gi 6mm:gf(it unb SBeiSbeit oorjiiftcten. 

oUtcn umct bicfcn A anbibaton Uns minber angeiiftjme spevfenen fid) tefinbcn, fo irb ba ^apitet biefelben auf 
Unffw Grinnrrung ou bjn SSfnfidjniiK ftrfid;en. ^lierauf hat ba Capitol 3111- SBab, t bi-3 neuen SBtfcfcofS ju fcfcvottcn/ 
njobci eg ocrpfitcbtet ift, nuv eine foldie ^erfcn ju roatjlon, con meldjcr eS ft* oov bcm feiei lidjen 3Bat)lact bic .ipijiixtt 
t3ctid;afft t;at, ba biefclbe bie orgcfctivieb enen Gigfnfcboftcn bcfio unb Un3 looblgcfSUtg fci. 2Bir bti;altcii un ocr, 511 
ter SBatilorbnung einen lanbeSftevrlidjen eommifior abjuotbiien/ ot;ne beffen .Suftimmuitg bte SGSafjl nid;t oertunfcct/ nod) 
irgenb ein SdjtiU su becen BoUjieb^uug gcfdjeljen borf. 


3um aStfrfjof !ann nuv ein eiftlidjer gereatjU recrben/ etd;er ein Seutfdjet con cburt, unb SSurger unfertS 

bm orgcf*riebenen fanonifdicn Gigcnf*aften ift evforberlirt), ba betfelbe entweber bie eclfovge ein 
olabf mifdics Cc^tamt obet fonft eine offentlirtv Stelle mit SBotbienft unb 7tuiieid;nun3 ocnoaltet ^abe, fo ic aud) ber 
inlinbi[d;en taatgs unb ^ivd;en=@efe6e unb Gtnvid)tungcn tunbig fci. 




25ft gm>5f)tte SStfdjcf wirb alsbalb nadj bet 3Bal)t fold)e bem Cberfyiupte ber ratfcolifdjen ,Rird;e anjctgen, unb urn 
bte 83ffict;gung anfud;en. 

2?or bee .RonfeEration burd) benjem gen Srjbifdjof ober S3ifd)of, fur roetdjen bie tanbesbetrlidje enel>miguna ju 
biefem 3fete augeir!t irorben ift, bat Ung tet gewa tjlte SBifdjof folgenben Gib ju fd)>r6ren: 

3d) fdjmore unb oerfpredje bei ben tyeiligen Gsangetien otteg @r. ,R6niglid)en .giobeit bem .Rurfurften unb TCIler* 
t)6d)ft beffen SRadjfolgern, fo rcie ben efe?en beg taateg eb,orfam unb Sreue. gerner eerfpredje 3d), !ein Ginoet* 
// fMnbm j) 311 unterfyatten, an reiner Seratfefdjlagung Stxil ju nebmen unb roeber im 3n= nod) KuSlanbe SBerbinbungen 
einjugefjen, weldje bie 6ffentlid;e 5Rui)e gefSfitben 5 ielmcl)r icenn 3d) cn trgenb einem JCnfcijlage jum 9Iad)tl;eil beS 
,/ <3taate$, fep eg in meiner i6jefe cbec anberlwo ^unbe et^alten foltte, fcldjeg r. ^6niglid)en ^c^jeit bem .Rurfurlhn 
// ju evcffnen." 


9Jad) ettangter ^onfe!raticn tritt ber Sifdjof in bie solle TCuSubung ber/ mlt feinem GpiSfopal oerbunbcnen 3tfd)te 
unb ^Jfliditen^ unb 2Bir roevben Sorge twgen, ba^ ec ^ievin nidjt nut nirf)t gei)tnbert, fonbern oietmefir gcgcn iu^ete 
SBefdjranfungcn Ir&ftig gefdju^t iperbe. 3ugleid) abet rcerben SBit batubet rcadjen, bap bet 93ifd)of feine 7Cmtewit!fam= 
feit ben i6jefanen/ gei(llid)en unb rceltlidjen tanbe6; untet !einem ffiottoanbe netfage. 


<Si burfen feine firdjlidjen tteitigfeiten bet ^atljolifen Unfetet 2anbe augettjalb bet ^itdjenptooinj i:nb ot aufc 
isattigcn 3Jid)tern cettjanbelt, cber etrca eon biefen wr^Jngte trafertenntnifTe gegen unfete !at^olifd;en Unterlijanen 
cf)ne llnfere ene6migung sclljogen merben. 

XufJerbem foil jut rlebigung aller/ bie .Rirdjenpromnj betrcffenben/ ffieritaltungSjTCngetegentjeiten; fo oft e 
erfcrbfilid) i)t eine Stynobeis.S onferenj son TCbgeorbneten au jeber ber funf ^iojefen tatt tiaben. 

25ie 5BeoUm&d)tigung unb 3n(ltuitung besTfbgeotbnetenauS Unferem 2anbeb:ftl)ume bleibt nad) sotauSgegangenet 
Siurffpradje unb einge^olt Ianbegberrlid)er ene^imigung/ bem jejeitigen SSifdjof ubetlaffen. 


o oft bie telte eineS SefanS, eineS ^apitulatS ober q3tcbenbaten an bet om!itd)e su gutba etlebigt iff, tjat br 
Sifd)of abmf(f)fe(nb mtt bem Jfapttef/ ttinerbalb fed)S 2Bod)?n/ om Sage bet Gtlcbigung an, UnS aug bet i6sefans 
eiftlirfjteit ein Setjeidjni^ oon oiet .Ranbibaten oorjulegen, njeldje bie etfotbetlidjen Gigenfdjaften }u ber ettebigten 
te!(e 6ef%n. ollten untft biffen ^anbibaten llnS minbet angenebme ^>erfonen fid; befinbcn, fo loitb ber SSifdjof, 
refp. bag jtapitel, biejelben, auf Unfere Grinnetung, aufi bem S3etjeid)niffe Itreidjen. 

^lierauf ^iat ber Stfd;of ober tefp. boS ^apitel/ jur Sefe^ung ber erlebigten telle ju fdjreiten, wobei fie oet* 
pflidjtet finb, nur eine foldjc ^erfon ju beftimmen, con weldjet fie aottjct fid) bie erci^eit Betfdiafft Ijaben, baf biefelbe 
bie erforbcrlidjen tgenfdjaften beft ^e, fid) burd) .Rlug^eit empfef?Ie, unb nidjt weniget Uns wotjlgefallig fei. SGMr 
bel)alten Uns not, ju biefet SSertjanblung einen lanbe^ijertlidjen .Rommiffar abjuorbnen, unb ber barauf erfotgten 
Gtncnnung, Unfere Ianbe^()err!id)e SeftJtigwng ju ertljeilen. 5Jlad)bem biefe erfolgt ift, n5irb bie Ginfe^ung in ben 
.Rirdjenbicnft, oon bem S3ifd;ofe uolljogen wetben. 


3ut tette eineS SomfapKurarg fonnen nut i6jefan=e!fit!id)e gelangen, weldje ?3rieffer/ breipig Sa^re alt unb 
tabellofcn SGJanbelS finb, ooi juglidje ttjeologif;te JCenntniffe bcfi^en, unb ennoeber bie eelfoi ge, ein afabemifdjeg Se^tamt, 
ober fonft eine offentlidje teUe, mit JCuSjeidjnuitg uerroattet f;aben, jugleid) aber mit ber Sanbesoerfapung genau 
befannt finb. 


Z5a 2>om!apite! ber -ftatijebralkSirdje tritt in ben oollen SBitfungStreiS ber pegbt)terien unb bilbet unter bem 
S3ifdiof bie oberfte SSerwaltungSbclj&rbe ber iojefe, forgt aud) auf gefe^lidje SSetfe fur bie 3M&}efan=25errealtung, reenn 
ber I8ifri)of6fi geljinbort ober ericbigt ift. 

2)er Sefan fuijtt bie Sireftion, bie SBerwaltunggform ift loUegialifd). 


Saien obet tfbgaben, son wctdiet 2trt fie aud) fein unb roie fie aucf) 9Jamen fjaben mogen, burfen weber oon 
tnlanbildjen, ncd) ot>ne etaategcmtmigung oon aueianbifrhen getftliden SBeljovben ertjoben wctben. 2)ie Grljebung eon 
Gipebition6scbul)ren ^angt non Unferct tanbcgtjcrrtidjcn SBeftimmung ab. 


3n ber Cbfrrfceinifdjen Jtir*en=?>rDein3 ift bie gjZetropolitamSSerfaffung, i&rer Seftimmung gemip eoU!ommen 
reiebet IjergeftcUt, unb ftel)t untcr bem efammt[d)ue ber eeveinigten taaten. 


3m GrlcbigungSs ober ^inberung^falte beg Grjbifdi&fHAen tuijleg ttitt ber dtfefte S3ifcf)of ber ^rootns eon 
SJedireiccgen in bie ffienealtung bet 5DJetropolitan=SRed;te unb 23errid;tungen ein/ unb bag befte^enbe SJetropolitangerid)! 
roitb eon itjm bcSollmadjtigt. 


g&r bie iiffenfd;aftlid)e Silbung ber jum geiftlidjen Stanbe beftimmten Snbioibuen tiaben Sffiir burd) bag in gulba 
fetner beftetjenbe A N lcvtfakeminat nebft bem geiftlidicn tubienfonbg beg gurjtenttjumg gvi?lar geforgt, unb rcerben 
buid) bie Sfttjeiliiiig ber Siidjiitel an bie ju SBeitjenben, auf ben gall ber nidjt eerfrfjulbcten ienft=Untauglid)feit, (fit 
biejelben (orgen. 

3 n tus Ei-minar irrrben ntir biejenigen-Ranbibaten aufgonommen, >eld;e ineiner burd) bie taatgs unb bifd)6flid)eji 
SSel)6tl)i-n, gcmeiin djaftlict) uotjune^menben ^rufung, gut bcftanben unb jut Gilangung beg Canbegtjcvtlidjen Sifdjtitefe 
bet ifynen unter obige SSorausfcgung ertljeilt icirb, wurbig befunben wotten finb. 



5?ut SifA&fe unb S3istf)um?=25ent>efer ftffcen ffic aUe Me fircfjliciie SBerrealtung betrefenben fgenftSnbe in freitt 
S5erbinbung mil bfm Cfcertaupte ber fattjotifchen Sivd)f; jebodi mufien biefelben bie au bem Sftetropolitan SScrbanbe 
Jinriitircnben SBerfyaltniJTe jcber 3it berurfficijtigen. Me fibrigcn i5jefan=i)id;en fjaben fid; in aUen firdjlifyn 
ngelcgcnfjeitcn nur an itjten S8ifd)of ju wenben. 



Document relative to the Electoral foundation of the Bishopric of Fulda, of 

the year 1829. 

We, William the Second, by the Grace of God, Elector, &c., do hereby make 
known, &c. 


THE episcopal see shall be filled by election in the following manner : 
Whenever the Episcopal Chair becomes vacant the chapter is, within one month 
from the day of vacation, to lay before us a list of those ecclesiastics of the 
diocese whom it may consider worthy and competent to preside over the Church 
with piety and wisdom. 

If amongst these candidates should be found persons not entirely agreeable 
to us, then the chapter shall, upon notice thereof from us, strike them out of 
the list. The chapter is then to proceed to the election of the new bishop, in 
which it is bound to elect only such a person of whom it has, prior to the cere 
mony of election, acquired the certain knowledge that he possesses the prescribed 
qualifications, and is acceptable to us. We reserve to ourselves to appoint our 
own Commissioner to superintend the election, without whose consent it may 
not be announced, nor may a single step be taken towards its completion. 


The ecclesiastic who is to be elected as bishop must be a German by birth, 
and a citizen of our State. 

Besides the prescribed qualifications it is requisite that he should have 
exercised either a cure of souls, an academical professorship, or some other 
public appointment, with credit and distinction, and also that he be acquainted 
with our own State and Church laws and institutions. 


The elected bishop shall, immediately after the election, announce it to the 
head of the Catholic Church and solicit its ratification. 

Before the consecration by such archbishop or bishop who shall have 
received the sovereign authority for this office, the elected bishop is to swear the 
following oath to us : 

" I swear and promise by the Holy Gospels of God obedience and faith to 
His Royal Highness the Elector, and to his Highness s successors, as also to the 
laws of the State. I promise further to carry on no correspondence, nor to take 
part in any counsels, to enter into no league either within or beyond the State, 
which might endanger the public peace ; but on the contrary, should I become 
acquainted with any attempt to the detriment of the State, whether in my own 
diocese or elsewhere, to make it known to His Royal Highness the Elector." 


After having been consecrated, the bishop enters upon the full exercise of 
the rights and duties attached to his episcopacy, and we will take care that he 
shall not only not be obstructed therein, but, on the contrary, shall be power 
fully protected against external restrictions. At the same time, however, it will 
be lor us to see that the bishop does not neglect, under any pretence, his official 
duties towards those of his diocese, whether ecclesiastic or lay. 



No ecclesiastical disputes of the Catholics of our dominions shall be taken 
out of the church province, or before foreign judges, nor shall any judgment 
awarded by them against our Catholic subjects be executed without our 

Furthermore, for the arrangement of all administrative affairs relative to 
the church province, a synodal conference of deputies from each of the five 
dioceses shall be held as often as it may be requisite. 

It is left to the bishop for the time being to empower and instruct the 
deputy from the bishopric of our dominions, after previous consultation and 
receipt of the sovereign sanction. 


Whenever the appointment of a dean, of a canon or prebendary of the 
cathedral church of Fulda becomes vacant, the bishop, alternately Avith the 
chapter, is to lay before us, within six weeks from the day of vacation, a list of 
four candidates from the clergy of the diocese, who possess the requisite qualifi 
cations for the vacant appointment. If amongst these candidates should be found 
persons not entirely agreeable to us, then the bishop or the chapter (as the case 
may be) shall, upon notice thereof from us, strike them out of the list. 

The bishop or the chapter (as the case may be) is then to proceed to fill up 
the vacant appointment, wherein they are bound to nominate only a person 
of whom they have previously acquired the certain knowledge that he possesses 
the requisite qualifications ; that he is recommendable by his prudence ; and that 
he be withal acceptable to us. We reserve to ourselves to appoint our own 
commissioner for this business, and to give our sovereign ratification to the 
nomination consequent thereon. When this has been obtained, the induction to 
the service of the Church shall be performed by the bishop. 


Only such ecclesiastics of the diocese are eligible to the appointment of 
cathedral canons as are priests thirty years of age and of blameless conduct, who 
possess pre-eminent theological acquirements, and Avho have exercised either the 
cure of souls, an academical professorship, or some other public office with dis 
tinction, and who are also well acquainted with the constitution of the country. 


The chapter of the cathedral church enters upon the entire sphere of action 
of the presbyteries, and constitutes under the bishop, the highest governing 
authority of the diocese, and also legally takes upon itself the administration of 
tJbe diocese when the episcopal seat is impeded or vacant 

The dean presides ; the form of administration is collegial. 


Taxes, or rates, of whatever kind they may be, or by whatever names they 
may be called, shall not be raised, either by our own, nor, Avithout the sanction 
of the State, by foreign ecclesiastical authorities. 

The imposition of official fees depends upon our sovereign decision. 


In the Upper Rhine Church Province the metropolitan constitution is 
entirely reestablished according to its oiiginal intention, and under the joint 
protection of the collected States. 


Upon occasions of vacancy or impediment of the archiepisccpal see, the 
senior bishop of the province takes upon himself by right the administration of 
the metropolitan lights and Junctions. And the existing metropolitan executive 
is authorized by him. 



We have provided for the scientific education of those individuals intended 
for the ecclesiastical condition by the clerical seminary, still kept up in Fulda, 
together with the ecclesiastical educational endowment of the Principality of 
Fritzlar ; and will provide for the same by granting board allowance (Tisc/iiitel) 
to those who are to he ordained, provided they shall not have foifeited it by 
incompetency for service. 

Only such candidates will be received into the seminary as shall have 
successfully passed a joint examination of the State and Episcopal authorities, 
and who have been found worthy of the State tableright (lischtitel) , which is 
granted to them under the above conditions. 


Only bishops and the administrators of bishoprics are, in respect to all 
circumstances relating to Church government, in free connexion with the Head 
of the Catholic Church ; but they must at all times pay particular attention to 
the circumstances arising out of the metropolitan interests. All the other 
ecclesiastics of the diocese are to apply to their bishops only in all Church 

Inclosure 4 in No. 1. 
Decree of August 30, 1S29, respecting the Nomination of Catholic _Pricsts. 


2?on ottes naben 2Eit 2Bilf;elm bet Itte utfutft p. p. 

t-aben jut JBeferberung finer jrcetfbienlicf) leidn Srmigfcit bei bet SBefefjtmg bet fatfcotiftfen ^fam t cn unb sugrfftf) 
in bcr Kbjicfct/ bem Sifcijofe unb bet ubrigen tatfcclifcfcen eiftlid)feit Unfevct Sanbe in gebacfjter Sejietjunj einen 23eit>eiS 
unfeteg gnabigen Serttauenl ju geben/ UuS bcroogen gefunben/ Me UnS oerm&ge beS $patn>natred)te<> juftetjenbe 
SJominaticn -. 

a. ju ben f at$olifden $)fatreien in ben $)rootnjen 9tieber= unb Cbettjeffen/ btoji mit 2CuSfd)Iu bet ^Jfarrei Siotenbutg, 

b. ju ben inlanbii~ci)en ^)farreien im prcngel beS et;emaligen gfirftbifdpfi ju gulba com 31 50idi 5 I804/ foicic 

c. ju ben fattjolifrfien 5)favtcien im gutftentfeume anau/ bem SSifcijofe ju gulba mit SSeiratt) be 25cmfapitelS 
Ijietburtl) untet S3ovbet;att bet UnS unb Unfeten 9tart)folgctn in bet Siegietung ftets frei bleitenben anbericeiun ffiejtims 
mung auf fo lange 3eit ju ubettragen, alg uberbaupt ju ben fattjolifdien >pfatveien Unferet Sanbe burd) ben Stfctjof nefa(l 
Svipitelnur tuchtige unb rectjlgeftnnte, nicfct minfcet jut Stfcaltung bet Sinttacftt untet ben oevfctuebenen jReligicnlgenofTen 
geneigte fiftlict)e mcvbcn au^etfeijen toetben/ unb fur jrbe btfrti&flidje 23etieil)ung einct ^farrfleUe Unfcre lanbefitjetrlicfje 
3Ufiimmung im 5Q?ege bet oorgdngigen SWittf-etlung an bie Sfcgicrung bet $roinj eingtfcoli iperben jpirb. 

2turt) ubetlaffen 3Bir bem SBifdjofe mit SBeitatt) beS SomfapiteU bie SBeflcllung bet einftweiligen fatfjolii"(!;en ^fatr= 
amtgBftir-efen unb bet Scoperatoren ober Jtaplane untet 3tugfct)Iug beret bet bet omfitctje in ftuiba, foicie bet bet 
tjeiligen !attiolifci)en Sirclje (ffit beven Jfnnafcmi 1 Unfere (anbeSfcervlicfie Juftimmung einjut;clen i(l) unb in bet SBorauS* 
feeing, ba bciju nut fnijige unb gut geftnnte ei(llid;e iccrben oetioenbet raerben. 

Urtunblid) Unferet aUettodjfteigentjonbigen Unteridjrift/ unfc beS bcigebructtenetaatSfkgelS/ oefci;cten ju 2St[t;elmgs 
Ijf^e ben. 30 ttuguft 1820. 

(St. ^3.) ot. SRr. , 


We, William the Second, by the grace of God, Elector, &c., &c. 

HAVE for the promotion of a practical conformity in the filling of Catholic 
parochial benefices, and also with the view of giving to the bishop and the other 
Catholic clergy of our dominions, a proof of our gracious confidence in the said 
matter, been induced hereby to transfer the nominations 

a. To the Catholic parochial benefices in the Provinces of Lower and Upper 
Hesse, with the single exception of the parochial benefice of Rothenburg. 

b. To the parochial benefices in our dominions belonging to the diocese of 
the heretofore Prince- Bishop of Fulda, since 31st March, 1804 ; as also 

c. To the Catholic parochial benefices in the Principality of Hanau, 
which appertain to us in virtue of our right of patronage to the Bishop of 
Fulda, in concert with the cathedral chapter ; for so long a time as the bishop 
and the chap^r shall select for the Catholic parochial benefices of our dominions 
in grneral, e ricient and well-disposed ecclesiastics, and equally inclined to 
maintain concord amongst the different religious communities ; and that for each 


episcopal presentation to a parochial appointment our sovereign sanction shall 
have been received, according to the previous communication with the govern 
ment of the province, reserving to ourselves and to our successors in the 
Government the free right of further regulations. 

We also leave to the bishop, in concert with the cathedral chapter, the 
appointment of the present Catholic parochial administration and of the 
coadjutors or chaplains, with the exception of those of the cathedral of Fulda, 
as also of those of the Holy Catholic Church (for whose acceptation our 
sovereign sanction is to be obtained), and with the understanding that only 
capable and well-disposed ecclesiastics shall be chosen. 

As witness our Royal hand, and the State seal thereto affixed, at 
Wilhelmshohe, August 30, 1829. 

(Signed) WILLIAM, Elector. 

(Countersigned) VON MEVSENBUG. 

Inclosure 5 in No. 1. 
Proclamation of the Minister of the Interior of January 25, 1 834. 

3lugfd?teiben beg Sfttntfietiumg beg 3 it n e t n, 

nom 25ften Scmuat 1834, 

wobutd? bag gtcgulatto om Slficn 9lugufi 1829, bag ftn$Itd)e Genfur unb @rrafred)t 
DeS 3Stfcf?ofg tit gulba it. f. ID. betreffenb, jut offcittltcfcen Jlunbe gebvad)t unrb. 

fl tm . 135 a bcr S5cvfaffung3Alrfitnbe criDafmte 3tegulatit> Horn Slflen Stugufi 
1829, betreffenb ba ftr<$Itd)e (Scnfiuv unb @ftafre$t beg 93tfd?of3 tit Sulba, fo nne 
beffen QJmtg^tnflnfi auf bie Sefyr^nftalten, nrirb fytermtt, rote nad;flel)et, jttr ijffeurlt^cn 
be gebrac^t. 
(Saffcl, am 25flen Sanuar 1834. 

Jturfitrfil. 3)Zini|1cttum beg Snttern. 

Vt. (Snbc. 

23on otte3 naben Sit SBtl^elm ber lite, ^turfflrjl ic. K. 

at>en in (Srfa^rung gcbrac^t, bafj ba SSer^altntfj Unferev taatSbe^Drben 

SBifrfyume ^tnft^tlic^ beS fti-c^lt^en Senfut* unb @trafreci)t foicot)!, o(3 beg btfd)offtcj)cn 

2tmt<@tnfi[ufffS auf nteberc unb faf)ere Sc^v^nftaltcn etner na^eren Scfttinmting kbarf, 

unb 3Bit ertf)eilen biefe f>ietmtt ii^te folgt : 

A. Stirtfjlifytf Genfur^ unb trafrec^t. 

n -j 

bie ftr$Itd;e JJtS^t^nnar* unb @trafgett)att gegen bie 
fetnet 2)to^e3 au^uOen utifcefcf>abet ber Unterfuc^ung unb 33eftrafttng tl)m gentetncn (bit 
Ourgerltc^en, ^oltjctltcf;en ober ^etnltc^en @efe|e v>evlecnben) Scrge^ungcn burdj bie 

3n bencn fallen, \vo gegen eiillt^e icegen fd))t>eret 93erfauntung obev 93crle^ung 
t^vev T>tenftyf(td?ten ober ir>egen etue unfittltc^en et>en)t>anbe{ bie <3tto))cnftcn born 
5tmte auf langeve 3cit, alS bvet Sftonate, ober ettte btefe Sett ubctfc^rettenbc a?evfe|ttng 
an ctncn Sorvecttong^Drt, bte utlaffttng obcr Slbfc^ung toon 3tmte, ober t>ct cninefener 
llmintrbtgfett obet Untauglt^fett gum getfUtc^en <tanbe gftnjlid^e Sntfcrnung aug 
bemfelben, not^ig befunben wcvbcn fotite, ^at bcr 9Stf<of ftrf) nor etnem bee^albigen 
5lufvvucf)e mtt llnferem lanbeS^ervltc^en 93eonmad)ttgten fcei bent tstf)ume ^u iene^men. 
otntlb Ine gan^lic^e Unituvbtgfett etneS etfUtcfycn jur 5ovtfaf)nntg be^ ftrc^[t(J;en 
SBerufe^ ober etne burc^ grobeS 93etf<JI&en f)crktgcfu()vte Untaug(t4fett bcSfclben t)ter^u 
auSgemittelt fci)it un trbe, fott er, neben ben ubvtgcn ttm aufgelegien <Strafcn, noc^ ben 
Serluji beg tf)in evtl)ei[ten ^tfd)titcl3 erteiben. 

Ue&vtgenS unrb ben ^u etner ber often genannten fc^n>ercren trafen entvtt;ctlten 
etftltcfyen bt-r 9tef ur8 an Unfi fret Wetben, nac^ beffen (Srgretfung Unfer SDWnifhtium beS 
Smteru mtt bent 93tf$ofe SJurffprac^c tie^mcn laffen, and?, ivo tmmcr tlninltct;, in 
lo&lligcm (Stnin-ftanbinffe mit bemfelben, unb unte* forgfalttger ebad)tnat)me auf 
6rt)altung fetneS obev^trtltd;en 9tnfeljen, bag Settere evfitgen ober bet ling in S 
Bringen ictrb. 



2fud> gcgcn bicjcmgcn Saien, rcelcftc burcft 6eljattlt$e ilBtbcrfclid)fett gcgcu bio 
SSoItyefntng ctncr gcfcjjma ftgcn 2lnorbmmg ber .fttrcfyen^ucftt, bnrd; tUctncib obcr fonft 
turd) gotteslaftcrHdu ffiebcn obcv ftanblmtgcn, turd) grofce QJerlefcung bcr ben gcnxifjctcu 
Crtcit gctnifyrcnbcn (yfnfnrcfct, obcr burcb UM cDcrMrc unb au8gej <|nete lln$nd>t, ober 
burd) as bttcrct bcv JttvdKngemctnbc cm offcntltcftcS 2lergcrmfi gcgcfrctt I;akit ircrbcu, barf 
bcr S5ifd;of ncnno^c fctnoo fiutltdicn (Scnfuiv unb Stvafrcrfnce tcr^cftalt ctnfd)rctrcu, baj; 
bcrfelbc, iiicnnbtc tit bcn^farranitli^cn ^cfitijiuffcn ltci]cnbcn ^clchnuiyjcn, (5 vmalimnu}cn 
unb 2?cnvctfc unb bcrcn crftcrc SBteter^ojang tunt 2cttcn bcr firdiUdu n bcrbc()in-bc 
felbfi nidit ^ur SBeffetung fu()rcn, fonbcrn bcunocfc cute fcntcrc SBteber^oIung bcSfdlJcn 
35cvijc ^cjiS cintrctcn un irbc, anc^cmcffcnc ircitcrc ftrd)ItdK (Scnfitrctt unb fdftft btc drfam? 
iitttnthwton au5|~prcd;en, jcbo^ b;t btcfcr anf btc ficfonbcrcn 93crftaftntffc bcr ipcvfonen unb 
auf btc barauS ctwa cntftcftcubcn biirtv.-rfid^cn SKttfungen flucjc nub fdwncnbc 9tncffid)t 
ncT)incnunb, fofcnt ci cine i]ittt^ltd)c 2(u0fd)licfuiii] iunt bcr faf^olifdien JUrd^cngcmctnfcijaft 
unirc, baiunt bent [antcsim-rltdKn 33c^oUmad;ttcjtcn yorgangtge 9)(ttt[;cilung macfycn unrb. 

B. Qdnt^C^tnflup anf btc Untcrrtd)tg<3{nftaltcn. 
. 3. 

Tcr ctgcutltdjc 2tmW*@fnffu| bc 53tfd)of auf fto^cre itnb ntcberc ^c&r^tnfiatten 
tcfrferiinft ftd) auf ba 9tc(tgtofc. S^te aUgcmcmc .Cbcranffid)!-, btc utrtge Settling 
bcrfclbcn unb namcntltd) btc iBcfttmmung bcr Sc()rgcgcnftanbe gc^ct Icbtgltcfe sn>it bm 
unb anbcrcn nut bcr Settling bc3 od^uhrcfcnS bcauftragtcn 


Sdifcfnutg bcr gcgcn btc Ianbcn- unb @tttcnlcl)rc bcr fati)oltfd;cn 
anftofenbcn 2d)rtftcn ftcftct cS bcm 23tfd>cfc ju r i^ren cbrand; bet jeber 2lrt 
offcntHd;cn fat^oKf<^en Oicltgton^tlnterrtcBtc^ ju untcrfagcn. 


<2o(ftc bcr SBtfcfcof ctnc Utttcrfudntng in S3cjtct)itng anf btc ?cT)rc bcr Unti>crfitat8* 
^rofcfforcn notfjig crac^tcn ; fo faun folc^c ittd;t anbcrS alS intt Uttfcrcr (Bene^miguttfl 
Statt finbcn. 

. 6. 

Set 58tfc6of wtrb untcr ^ctratf) fcincS ^a^itclg btc gctflttd)cn Sorftcficr unb Setter 
be ^rteftcrfcnnnar^ crncnncn, and) fur btc SBefteflung be OtcgcnS unb bc SufircgcnS 
btcfer 2(nftalt Unfcrc Ianbcf;cnitife 2Jcftattgung ctnf)olcn. 

2UIc 33er)orbcn, ivelc^e gcgenwarttgeS 9Jcgu(att angcf^ct, tyafcen ftd; banad; fd)ulbtgjt 
jit aditen. 

Urfttnbttdi Unfcrcr al[cr(;od>ftcu]cn()anci^cn Itntcrfdn ift unb beg Betgcbrurftcn 
@taatSftegd gcfd)e ^cu ju SBit^elm^B^c am Slftcu 2tugufi 1829. 

SB i It) c I m, Jturffirfi. 

(St. @.) 
Vt. 9{r. i>. gW 


Proclamation of January 2o, 1834, 

Whereby the Regulation of 31st August, 1829, touching the right of ecclesiastical 
censure and punishment appertaining to the Bishop of Fulda, &c., is brought to 
the knowledge of the public. 

The Regulation of the 31st August. 1829, mentioned in 135a of the 
Charter, and relating to the right of ecclesiastical censure and punishment 
appertaining to the Bishop of Fulda, as well as his official influence over 
educational institutions, is herewith brought to public notice as under. 

Cassel, January 25, 1834. 

Electoral Department of the Minister of the Interior. 



By the grace of God, we, William II, Elector, &c. * 

Have learned that the relation of the authorities of our State to the Bishopric 
with regard to the right of ecclesiastical censure and punishment, as well as 
the episcopal official influence upon lower and higher educational institutions, 
requires a more particular regulation, which we give herewith as follows : 

A. Right of Ecclesiastical Censure and Punishment. 


The bishop shall exercise the ecclesiastical power of discipline and punish 
ment over the clergy of his diocese,, without prejudice to the investigation and 
punishment of their common offences against the civil police or penal laws by 
the courts of the country. In those cases where it may be found necessary, 
from a serious neglect or violation of official duties, or from an immoral course of 
life, to suspend any clergyman from his functions for more than three months, or 
to consign him for a longer period to a place of correction, to dismiss or depose 
him from his office, or upon proved unworthiness or unfitness for the ecclesias 
tical function, to remove him entirely from the same, the bishop on application 
shall confer thereon with our Plenipotentiary for the bishopric. Whenever it 
shall have been ascertained that any clergyman is totally unworthy of continuing 
in the ecclesiastical office, or wholly unfitted from gross dement, he shall, in 
addition to the other punishments inflicted, be deprived likewise of the board 

The ecclesiastic sentenced to the above-named serious punishments shall 
moreover be at liberty to appeal to us, and if he does so, then our Minister of the 
Interior will cause the bishop to be conferred with ; and likewise in perfect 
understanding with the same whenever practicable, and with careful consideration 
for the maintenance of his supreme pastoral authority, he will take ulterior 
measures, or submit the case to us. 


And with regard to those laymen who, from persevermgly opposing the 
execution of any legal regulation of church discipline, from perjury, or else from 
blasphemous speeches or acts, from gross violation of the reverence due to con 
secrated places, or from repeated and notorious debauchery, or from drunkenness, 
shall have given public scandal to the church communion, the bishop, in virtue 
of his right of ecclesiastical censure and punishment, may interfere in such a 
manner that, in case the authorized parochial advice, admonitions, and reproofs, 
as well as the repetitions thereof on the part of the superior ecclesiastical autho 
rities, do not lead to a reformation, but that, on the contrary, a continuance of 
the same transgression should take place, lie, the bishop, may pronounce further 
ecclesiastical censures, and even excommuuications ; in proceeding to this latter 
step, however, he will take into his prudent and forbearing consideration, the 
particular situation of the parties, and the consequences which it might possibly 
have upon their social position ; and if a total exclusion from the Catholic 
Church communion should be thought necessary, he will make a previous com 
munication thereof to the Plenipotentiary of the Government. 

B. Official influence upon Educational Institutions. 


The proper official influence of the bishop upon higher and lower educa 
tional institutions is restricted to religious matters. The general superintendence, 
the ulterior direction of the same, and more especially the determining the sub 
jects of instruction, shall emanate only from the provincial administration and 
other State authorities charged with educational affairs. 

With regard to writings essentially opposed to the faith and morals of the 
Catholic Church, the bishop may prohibit their being made use of in any kind of 
public Catholic religious instruction. 


If an investigation with reference to the doctrine of the professors of the 
university should be deemed necessary by the bishop, such can take place only 
with our consent. 


The bishop, with the advice of his chapter, shall name the spiritual supe 
riors and masters of the priests seminary ; and he must obtain our consent, as 
Sovereign, to the appointment of head master, and second master, to that 

All the authorities, whom the present regulations concern, shall conform 
to the same, as in duty bound. 

Witness our sign manual and the seal of the State. Done at Wilhelmshohe, 
the 3 1st August, 1829. 

(Signed) WILLIAM, Elector. 

Inclosure 6 in No. 1. 
Ordinance of January 30, 1830. 

SSetotbuuno, bom 30jien Sanuar 1830, 

bit 2(u3ubung De3 (anbcsf/crtlicfcen 3cfci% unb 2(ufjtcfct&9tecijtc3 abet bie 

Jttrc6c in ra$effcn bctvcjfcnr. 

Son ottc3 nabcn 2Sit Silfyclm bet lite, Jturfutft, :c. :c. 

fiigen Inctmit 511 icifim : 

ntd) Unfcrc SSerotbnuna, tout Slftcn 2luguji i\ 3- fjcibcn SBit ben beiben 

pabftlicf)en Sullen " Provida solersque" ymn 16tcn August 1821 nnb " Ad dominici 

gregis custodiam" uom lltcn 2lprtl 1827, in fo iceit fold>e bie SBilbung bet obcrrljcin* 

tfdjcn Jlivc^enVroinit5, Die 93cgvcnjung, Sdtsftattung into (Sinricfctung ber bajit gc^criijeu 

funf 33tst^umcrK. bctreffcn, Unfeve lanbce^etxltc^c me^mmung cttfjeilt. 

9?a(^bcin nun, in ady bcv mit bent romif^cn -ofe gctrojfcncn -2t6rcbc, bic 
tifc^oflic^cn <tul)Ic unb Somta^ttel bicfev Jltvcfccn^roinn^ SoUft&nWg fccfefct nnb bicfclben 
in bie 9lu3u1jung ber i^ncn 311! ommenbcn Sefucuuffe cingcwicfcn irorben ftnb ; fo ftnben 
SBit Un im (StnDetfldnbtujfe mit ben iibrigen bei ber ot>errt)etnifc^cn StMfytrtpiwoinft 
tetticiligten Oicgtcruugcn jn al)vung UnfcrcS Sc^u|* unb 3(ttffi<$tS*9ta$te3 uber bie 
fat^oltfc^e ^tvi^e in Unfeven Sanben bcwogcn, bie nacfcftefjenoen 2tnorbnungen funb ju 
t ^un unb }it evlaffen. 

ju Gaffcl am 26jlc:t (yct tuar 1830. 


5)et fatfolifc^en Jttvc^e fic^et bao freie a3cfenntnip t^vcS Iau6en8 unb bie offentltdje 
9tu0itl>ung iftreg Jliiltug ,511, unb fie geniepet au$ in biefet ^tnjlcbt mit ben anberen, im 
Staatc offcntlic^ anerfauntcn, c^riftli^cn ^ir^cngefenf^aften gleic^e 


25et ol(c cnu| bicfer Dtcc^te j^ei^ct alien fat^ofifctieu Jlivcfcengemeinben, foiuie aucb 
ben cin^elncn ^atffolifcu 511, welcbe feit^ev in fcinem 2>io$efanetf>anbe ftanbcn. @g 
fann in fcincm ber often erwa^nten Sist^umcr irgenb eine 2lrt toon rir^lic^ev (Sremtion 
funftig Statt finbcn. 

. 3. 

Sebet Staat ubt bie tfim juftc ^cnbcn unscriiuferttc^eu 3)la\t\tat8ufyt be 
unb bet Cbcrauffidit abet bic Jtitcb.e in intern ollen Umfange 


S)te son bem @r$6if$of, bent 35if^of unb ben ubtigcn fitc^Ii^ett Se^iirben 
tyenben allgcmeinen Slnotbnungcn, Jttctsf^rct bcn an bie @eijHicf)feit utib Siibjefanen, 
Jvclcfce biefelben ju ctwas vcvbunbeu icctoen foflcn, fottie au^ bcfonbete SSetfugungeti 


von 2Bi($rfgfett, untcrlicgen ber cncfjmtgung bc3 StaatS unb fonneu nur mit bcr 
ausbrucfltcku Scmcrfung ber Staats a.euefnnigung (Placet) funb cjcmac&t obcr crlaffcn 
UH rben. 

3lud^ foldic allgcmctnc fird>ltd>c -Sluorbnungen unb offentltdK (Maffc, lueldjc rein 
a,etftlid)c Cvjcnftanbc ktrcjfcn, ftnb ben 3taatskl)orDcn $ur S inftdit tor^ulcgcn, unb 
fanu bcrcn Jlimbmadntng crfi afobann crfolgen, iveuu ba^u bic 3taatknnlltgun<j 
crtkilt ivorben ifi 


3llle romifd)cn Sullen, Sretcn, unb fonfHgen (Maffe nmffcn, ck ftc funb gemadit 
unb in 3(nwcnbung gcOradn luerbcn, bte Ianbcsf)errlid)c cne^mtgitug crfialtcn, unb fclbft 
fiir angeuommcnc Sullen baucrt tftrc tcrbtubcnbe Jlraft unb if) re fllttgWt nur fo lange, 
al ntd)t tin Staate burd) ncuere JBerorbuungftt cttra aubercy ctugcfu^rt ivirb. Sic 
@taat8gtne^nt(gung ift aber uid)t nur fur alle ucu crfcktneubcn ^abftltc&cn Sullen unb 
.tonfiitu^ioncn, foubcrn aud> fiir alle frukrcn ^afn tlt^en 3lnorbnungcn not^ivenbtg, 
fobalb baton ebraucf* gemarfit ircrbcn unit. 


Gknfo, line bic itcItltcfKtt a)ijtglteber bcr fatftoltfrkit Jltrcfic, flcfien aud? bie 
@eiftlid;cn al Staatgijeuoffcn unter ben cfccu unb bcr @crid;tbarfeit bc StaatS. 


!Tie St Jtfituncr Jvulba, fyrcthtrg, a^atn?, 8?otrcittntrg unb I tnttntrg ftcf)ctt in eittcnt 
{tan*S3erbanbe unb In lDen bic oBcrrkintfd^e ^trd^en^ro^in^. 

Ta btc cr^Hfdiofltd^c iGurbe auf ben bifduiffid^n Stuftl ^u Jvrcttntrg Mctknb 
ubertragcu ift; fo ftefn bcr borttge Sifcfcof ber 5)kottn5 al3 Gr^tn fd^of vor unb bcrfelk fwt 
ftd), ktor er in fcinc Slmtetcrriditungen etntrttt, gegen bic Stegterungcu bcr tcreinten 
3taatctt in bcr (5tgcitfd)aft als (Sr^ifdiof eiblid) ju vcr^flidncn. 

. 8. 

J"ie ifircr Sefttntmung gcma iin ebcr ftcrgcftcfftc 2RettoJ>oIttan*93erfa,jfuug unb bic 
3(u6itf)ung bcr, bent Stjbif^ofe yifommcubcn 2)JctroVolitan- 0{cd;tc ftckn unter bent 
cfammtfd^ufie ber tcrcintcn <2taaten. 


iprotin^aDSttnoben fonnen nur mit @cncf)iuigung bcr tereintcn Staatcn, nxld;e 
bcnfcIOcn Jvommiffare bciorbncn, gcf)altcu irerben. 3u ben at^uhaltenbeu @i;nobal? 
.tonfereu^cn intrb ber Gr^n fdiof, fo line jebcr Sifdjof, mit cnef|mtgung ber Mcgterungen 


on f etnem ^altf fonnen ftrdvtidjc Strcttfadtcn bcr ,Katf)oIifcn aupcrftalb bcr 5)3rotinj 
unb tor au8u\irttgcn OJiefetern tcrlntnbelt luerbcn. (8 unrb bakr in biefcr Sejtcfung in 
ber $rottn$ bic notlM gc (?ttmcf>tung getroffen njcrbctt. 

. 11. 

Xtc fflitf Sitf)umcr bcr oktTkiuifd^cn Jtttt^eitytctohtg ftnb in emaSkit bcr 
feftgcfe(jten 9tegel geln lbet, ba bic rcnjcit bcr Siojcfen ftd; auf bie rcn.jcn ber 3taaten, 
fitr uielcfcc 93tstf)umcr crrtditct ftnb, crftrcden. 

. 12. 

Sine jcbc ^io^eg unrb in Sefanats-Sc^irfe eiugctkift, beren Umfang, fo ttel 
tftunlid;, mit jenein ber ^cwaltuui^-Sc^irfc ukrctnftiimnen foil. 

. 13. 

1)ie ^atf)ofifcn, irclcftc feitkr in fcincm, ober ntit einent eiftlid^en anbercr 
^onfcffton tin $farrterbanbc ftanbcn, icerben einer ber tin 3?istl)uine kflcf)enben $far* 
rci cn 

. 14. 

2>te btf^offtc^en Stuftlc tit ber ^rotttnj, fo itie bte tellen ber 5)omfa))ttulare 
ivcrbcn fammtlt^ bttrd) bic nac^ bcr torgefcftrtcticncn 5orm sor^uncfimcnbe 3Ba^I i>efe|t. 


8. 15. 

Sum i-tfck-f fanu unr em (Metftftdn-r gcn.\tf)it iwbcn, itclcftcr ciu .lemfdvr yon 
Wcburt UIID Sraat:-biu\icv bc 2taatcs, ?orin ftd> bcr erlcoia,tc if<$of3jtfc bcfinbct, ober 
ciucS tor 2taatcn ijr, wclrte ftd> $u bicfcr Xiilscs ycrciuigt fyabcu. 

9?cbft ben yorgefdmcbcucu fanoimii>cn (Sigeitftyaftol ijt crforbcrlid), bat) bcrfclbc 
cntircDcr etc 2celforgc, em afabemifcbc3 Scliramt, obcr fonft cine offcutlut^Srctk mtt 
aScvbtcufi HUD xHiii>^cicfntiin^ ymualtct ftafce, fo line aurf) bev iutaitDtiVfon 2taat^ unb 
!^ t>cr eicfce uub Cvinncfctint^cu fttuficj fc>.\ 

Tor O citMfUte ^at fid) alsfralb itad) bcv 35>o^I wcjcu bcv ^oufirmay oa au bas 
Ckvfyaupt bcr ^tntc >u wcubcit. 

SSw bcr Jtoufcfra^ou [c^t bcrfcIOc hi bet @tgenf^afit ats SBtf^of bcu Gib bcr State 
uttb bcS @c^orfanti5 tit bic ^iiubc bc3 Sanbeo&crru at*.. 

8. 17. 

9?ac6 crlattcjtci- ^oufcfra^iott trttt bcr 93tf*of in bic otle 9tu8ubung bcr mtt bcm 
@))t>3fovat -;vi;ntubcucu ;)fcanc unb l ; fitcfrtcn, ttnb bic JUcciicruucjeu wcrbcu utct^t ^ugcbeu, 
bap cr barm cjelmtbcrt wcrbc, viclmcbr wcrbcu jic tfiu fraftuj babct fc6tt(jcu. 

. 18. 

3>io$cfait iMicbcu fonncu om SMfctiof, wcnn ftc uotm\] cracfttct ivcrbeu, mtr mtt 
cne^mt gung bco VanbcSr/crru ^ufammcnbcrufcu uub tin 23cifc|)it lanbcc-fwrltck* ^om< 
miffarc ijcftaltcu ivcrbcu. 

Sic bartu gcfafftcu S 3cfifluffc untcrltcgcu bcr toatSgcne^migmtg uac6 3}taa0cja6c 
bcr iu bcu . 4 nub 5 entftaftcuat t^i 

8- 19- 

bcr @r0tfcfcof f iStfcfiof unb bcr SSistftumC .CtTircfcr ftcficn in alien, bic 
fiutltcfK 95ern:aftun^ t)etreffenben ccicnftaubcu in frcicr fficxlnubunv] mtt Dem Cberfiau^tc 
bcr JltvdH 1 ; jcbodMituffcu btcfclbcn bic aits bcm 3}Jctropo(ttaiu!l>crtaubc ftcryora,c()cttDcit 
tiffo jcbor^ctr fccru(frtcr)tit}cn. 

ufcriojcn 2)i5jefaru@ifUi(^en ftaOcu ftd> in attcu fird^licfccu ^ngckcjcuftcttcn au 
bcu s Bifd;of (Cfr^nfd^of ) ,^it ipcubcu. 


3u Somfa^itutar^Stcttcu fottucu uur 5)iAgtfan*<SdfUk^< cjclangcn, iccfcfcc ^rtcilcr, 
brctptg ^iafjre alt nub tabcllofen ^IBanbels ftnb, vw$fu)lid)e tftcologifdjc Jlcnutuiffc bcftgcu, 
cnticcbcr bie 2cclforcic, ctu afabcmt|"d)C o ye^ramt, obcr fonjt einc ojfcittHd)c Stellc mtt 
-2lu35ct<nuna, vcnvaltct ^aOctt nub mtt bcr Sanbcoocrfaffuucj gcnatt tiefannt fmb. 


Xa3 Xontfa^itel ciucr jcbcu ^atr;cbralfiutc tritt in bcu foffcn 2i>trfuuv]0frei 3 bet 
^rc3bi;tcricn uub Inlbct untcr bent 33i[cfeof bie obcrfte 33erwaltungs6c(iorbc ber Sto^. 
SScwaltuugsform ifl fotteijialtfcfc. cr Tcfan fulut bavin bic Xtreftion. 

. 22. 

$!arcu obcr 9t&ijalJen, lunt uxldxr 2lrt jte aud) fen nub nne fie and; Stamen fiabctt 
mogen, burfcn u>cbcr yon tn[aubifd>en, nodi mm auelanbifd^eu gojEtt^tn *-Beborbcn cr^oben 

Sic @rl)cbung yon (rcbition3;@cbur)ren (ucbcu bcr gcfc^(id)en 3tcmek2tba,abe) 
in jebcm Staatc sou bcr [anbc<5licrr[td;cn Scftimmitui} ab. 


ie Xefanatc ivcrben nntcr a,emeinfd)aftlid>em @iuycrjtanbniffc ber Otegicrun^^ unb 
bifd?bfltdeu 23c^orben mtt anirbiijen ^farrcru, u>dd;e ciufy in i>crn;a[tuug^e[d;a ften 
qeubt ftnb, befc^t. 


Sic ^efaue ftnb unmittclbare fird>Iid)e aSorgefefste bcr in ifjren ^efanatS^iBejtrfen 
angejtcttten ciftlicbcu. Sic babctt uber bic geeignetcn cgenftanbe an bie SRcgtcritng^ uub 


btf<$6fft<$ett 3M)orbcn 511 fcemtten, unb bie itjneu toon balder jugefyenben SSkifungen ju 
(Sine cigcnc 3nflruf$ion jctdjnct tfyncn ben -RrciS tfyrer 9{mtn)irffamfcit toor. 


(Sin jebcr ber tocrcinten Gtaaten icirb, ir>o btefcS utdjt tereits <Statt finbet, ju 
ftger 93ilbung ber .fianbibatcn bc fatftolifdv geiftlicfeen tanbeg bafur forgen, 
bap entnxbcr cine fatf)o(tfdvtfteologifd;e Vcfyranflalt crridrtet unb al3 gafultat init ber 
2anocAtmycifttat wretnigt tuerbe, ober ba^ bic JUnbtbatcn not()tgcnfafB au bent 
allgcmctncn fatl)oltfd)cn Jliw^tnfonbS ber ^io^eS unterflufct a^evben, urn eine auf biefe 
SIrt etngevi(fetcte Uutcrfitat in ber $totomj fecfuc^cn 511 fbnncn. 


2)te ^ancifaten bc getftltc^en <2t<wbe werbcn nac^ sottcnbeten bretja^rigcn rf)eolo; 
gtfd)en (Stubicn cin 3<il?t tin ln - iefter-2enunar jum ^rafttfcfcen ber Seclfm^e auSgebilbtt, 
unb jirar in fo ipeit unentgcltlic^, alS bie in ben SotajionssUrfunbcu fur bit Semtnaricn 
aii0gefegtcn Snmincn jureicf;en. 


3n bag Seminar wcrbcn nur btejetugen ^anbibatm aufgcnommcn, irel(f)e in etner, 
but(^ bie <td(itfc unb Infcftofn cfcen c|brben gemeinfcbaftltc^ botjunt^ttttttben, ^3tufung 
gut fcejtanbcn ^a6cn unb ^ur (Mangung be ianbes^enli^en ^. if^tttel^, ber i^nen uuter 
obigev SSorau8fc|ung ert^ctlt rcirb, nn trbig fccfunben jporbcn finb. 


2^er lanbe^crrlitie $.i](f)titd gtctt bie nrfunbftcfcc SSerftc^erung, bafj tin cintretenben 
^nlle ber nicbt scvfrfntlbcten SteniWlnfafygfcit ber bent geiftltd)en @tanbe angemcffene 
Untcrfjalt, founc bie fcefonbere 9?crgutung fiir J!ur^ unb ^pficgcfoftcn, fufcftDttirifcfc nug 
ben ba^u toorfjanbcncu geiftltcfteu 5(nftalten untcr gecigneter SBef^filfe Unfercr Staatsfaffc 
nad; 3)Jaagabe ber bcg|al(> bcrcitS gctroffenen (Siiirid)tung \verbe geleiftet wnbcu. 

9Son bent ^itulatcn farm nur bann ein tiKiger (Srfafc gcforbcrt wcrbeti, tpcim cr in 
icfferc S3cnn5gen^4lniftanbe fonnnt ober in ber Solgc eine 5 4>frunbc credit, icelt^e met)r 
alS bic Congrua atanrft. 


3n jebcr ti!>$c3 ictrb |al)rlid) toon cincr, burd) bietaat^ unb ttfc 
gemeinf$afili<$ anyiorbnenben, Jlommtffton cine Jtonfur8^4-U-iifung init benjenigen 
iid)en toorgcnommen, uxld)e ju ciner $farrci ober ^u fonfi etner ^ird^cn^frunbe fccforbert 
ju irerbeti aunfcfecu. 3u btefer $rufung merben nur etfilic^e jugcta|fcn, n.ield>e 
iDentgpenS ^roct 3fll^ c Inug in ber Seclforge alo -6ulfc^rteftcr augei tellt warcn unb gute 
3cugniffe ifyrcr ffiorgefe^en uber t ^rcn SEanbel tooriegcn. 


2)te in Bahy biefcr ^prufung ftd) ergcbenbc Jdftjfiftfajictt nnrb Bet funftigen 
SSeforbcrungen beS ejmtftcn bcrurffid;ttgt. 


(Sbenfo itnrb eine ^Iaffen<@int^ei[ung ber ^Pfatrcien unb fonftigen Jtird;eii^frunben 
nad) bcm rabc tfyrcr 3Btc6tigfcit unb i^reg (SrtragcS gcfertigt, bam it aud) bfe ^atrone, 
tt>cld)e nur 5)i55cfan*etftlid)e ^rafenttren fonncn, ifere 2tu3n?a^I ^ternad; cinjitric^tett 

. 32. 

.ftcin ciftlidicr fann ju gleidnr 3ett jirci JTird;en^fnmben, beren eine febe bie 
Congrua, crtragt, ieft^cn, toon teld;er 2lrt fte and; fe^en unb unter ttxld;cm SSorivanb 
e aud) gefd)cf;en iWlc. 

Seber muf an bent ic feincr 5pfn"tnbc icot^ncn unb from ftd; nur mit 
auf ctnigc 3>nt toon berfelfcen entfernen. 


@etft[td)cr farm ofjne inwtQigung fcine SanbeS^errn 2Burben, 5)Jenftoit, 
Drben ober (Sfjrcntitcl toon 9ttt3icartigett annet)men. 



3eber eiftlidje tm rb, kuor cr btc ftrd;ftd>e Snflitujton erfnilt, bem COcrfyau^tc, be 
taata ben Sib ber Srcne afclegcn, bem SSifcfcof abcr ben faiunufd)cn efyorfam gelo&cn. 


Dct Staat gcirafnt ben @cift(tdun jebe, $itr (frfuKitng tfyrcr 33crufgefd)afte 
crforbcrlidK, gefcfcltdje Unterftit&ung unb fd;ut fte in bem @enuffc ber tfyrer 2lmt3murbe 
gefcufyrenben 2td?tung unb 2 


Den ctftltiien fonne ben SMtltckn folcibt, mo tmmer cut 2Kts6vand; bet cjetjlltc^en 
(jcvjen fie 3tatt finbet, bev OfeFui^ an bie 2anbe0bel)orbcn. 


bet fur ben tnfd;of{td;en i]<fy, ba3 2^omfa.))ttel unb bag 

Seminar angeunefenen Sotajtoncn, foroic be bem (Sv^tnfd^of t>cftimmten SBitrage8 ( nnrb 
jeber Staat nad; feincr SSctfajfung unb ben ^ierufier teffcfienben 2?orfd;viftcn anorbuen. 

. 38. 

5)ie @utcr ber fatf)olifd;en Jxircfien^frunbcn, fo unc atte attgcmctncn unb Cefonberen 
ftvd)(id;cn {yonbs wcrben, unter 3)htauffid;t bc S6ifd>of0, in t^rer SottftanDiflfeit crfyalten 

S u bern al fatfDlid^ird)Iiden ien 

unb Ibnnen auf feine SBeife ju anberen, al fatf)Dlifd)^ird)Iid)en 3 iKrfen ^ 
ierben. 2)te Congrua ber $pfarrpfrnnbcn ]oil, IDO biefe nxniger ats 500 6iS 600 
utben crtvagen, nad) unb nad; auf biefe Summe cr^o^t n?erben. Sic SSencaltung ber 
nicberen Jlird;cn^fruttben nnrb tit ben ^>iinbett ber Sfatjjnfefier, ive[d;e jtd> Inertct nad; ben 
in |ebem Staatc befteticiiDcn SSorfcfcviften ju rid^tcn ^aOen, gelaffen. 


3n jcbcnt ber yercintcn Staaten irirb, fo txilb c tfyunlidj ift, ctn altgemeiner 
fatf)olifd)er J\ird)enfonbS gebifbef, aii 3 wctcftem fotd e Fatf)o[tfdi<ftrd>[tdxtt Sebitrftiiffe 
aus^uIfSwcifc ,511 beftreiten flnb, ju bcren Sefriebigung 9iiemanb cine gcfe^(td;e 
Iid)fcit tat ober feinc !Wittel orf)anben ftnb. 

5Uadj ben toorftc%nbcn Seftimmungen Iatett fid) bie Staat^ unb 
in Unferen Sanbcn gdju^rcnb 511 ad)tcn, 

UrfunpHd) Unfercr eigen()anbigcn Unterfd;rift unb be betgcbritcften Staatsftegel^ 
gefd;cfjen 511 Gaffel am 30ftett 2>i rtr 1830. 

26 i II) elm, 

(St. .} 
Vt. 9lr 


Ordinance of January 30, 1830, relative to the exercise of the Sovereign right 
of protection and superintendence over the Catholic Church of Electoral 

We, William II, by the grace of God, Elector, &c., hereby make known : 

BY our Ordinance of 31st August last, we gave our Sovereign sanction to 
the two Papal bulls " Provida solersque," of 16th August, 1821, and " Ad 
Dominici gregis custodiara," of llth April, 1827, in so far as they relate to the 
formation of the Upper Rhine Church province, the limitation, endowment, and 
regulation of the five bishoprics thereto belonging, &c. 

And now, that in consequence of the agreement made with the Roman 
Court, the episcopal sees and cathedral chapters of this church province are 
entirely filled, and they have entered upon the exercise of the authorities 
connected therewith, we are induced in concurrence with the other Governments 


interested in the Upper Rhine Church province, to publish and make known 
the following ordinances for the maintenance of our right of protection and 
superintendence over the Catholic Church in our dominions. 
Given at Cassel, February 26, 1830. 


The Catholic Church has the right of the free confession of her faith and 
the public exercise of her service, and she enjoys an equal right in this respect 
with the other publicly recognized Christian Church communities in the State. 


Every Catholic Church community, as also individual Catholics hitherto 
belonging to no diocese, have the full enjoyment of this right : in none of the 
above-mentioned bishoprics can hereafter any kind of Church exemption exist. 


Every State exercises its inalienable sovereign right of protection and 
superintendence over the Church to its full extent. 


The general ordinances and circulars to the ecclesiastics and members of 
the diocese by which they shall be bound to anything, as well as any particular 
orders of importance proceeding from the archbishop, the bishop, or the other 
ecclesiastical authorities, are subject to the sanction of the State, and can only 
be published and authorized by the express mark of the State sanction (placet). 

Such general Church ordinances, and public enactments also, as relate to 
matters purely ecclesiastical, are to be submitted to the inspection of the State 
authorities, and their publication can only take place after the State sanction 
has been imparted thereto. 

* & 

All Roman bulls, briefs, and other enactments must before they are 
published and brought into action receive the sovereign sanction ; and even for 
bulls that have been accepted, their binding power and their validity lasts only 
so long as nothing contrary thereto shall have been introduced into the State by 
more recent ordinances. The State sanction is, moreover, necessary not only 
for all recent Papal bulls and constitutions, but also for all former Papal 
ordinances, whenever it is wished to make use of them. 


The ecclesiastics are equally amenable, as members of the State, to the 
laws and jurisdiction of the State, with the lay members of the Catholic 


The Bishoprics of Fulda, Friburg, Mentz, Rottenburg and Limburg, stand in 
metropolitan connexion and form the Upper Rhine Church province. 

As the archiepiscopal dignity has been permanently transferred to the 
episcopal see of Friburg, the bishop of that province represents an archbishop, 
and he has, before he enters upon his professional duties, to make oaths to the 
Governments of the collective States in his capacity of archbishop. 


The metropolitan constitution re-established according to its original inten 
tion, and the exercise of the metropolitan rights belonging to the archbishop, 
are under the united protection of the collective States. 


Provincial synods can only be held with the sanction of the collective States 
which appoint Commissioners to them. The archbishop, as also each bishop 


will dispatch a plenipotentiary with the sanction of the Governments to the 
synodal conferences. 


The Church disputes of Catholics may in no case be carried out of the 
province or before foreign judges. And therefore in this respect the necessary 
regulations will be made. 

The five bishoprics of the Upper Rhine Church province are formed in 
accordance with the established rule, that the boundarie? of the dioceses should 
correspond with the boundaries of the States for which bishoprics are erected. 

$ 12. 

Every diocese is divided into deaneries, the extent of which, as far as prac 
ticable, shall correspond with that of the Administrative province. 


Catholics who hitherto have had no parochial connection, or have been 
connected with an ecclesiastic of a different faith, will be allotted to one of the 
existing parishes of the bishopric. 


The episcopal sees in the provinces, as also the appointments of cathedral 
canons are also to be filled by election, according to the prescribed form. 


No ecclesiastic can be elected bishop who is not a German by birth and 
a citizen of the State in which the vacant episcopal see is situated, or of one 
of the States which have united to form such diocese. 

Besides the prescribed canonical qualifications, it is necessary that he should 
have exercised either a cure of souls, an academical professorship, or some other 
public appointment with credit and distinction ; and also that he be acquainted 
with our own State and Church, Constitution, laws aad institutions. 

I 16. 

The bishop-elect is to apply to the Superior of the Church for information 
immediately alter the election. 

Prior to consecration he is to take the oath of. fidelity and obedience in 
his quality of bishop to the Sovereign of the country. 


After having received consecration the bishop enters into full exercise of the 
rights and duties connected with the episcopacy, and the Governments will 
not suffer him to be impeded; on the contrary, they will effectual!--- protect him 


Diocesan synods, when they shall be considered necessary, may only be 
summoned by the bishop, with the sanction of the Sovereign, and be held in the 
presence of the Sovereign s Commissioners. 

The resolutions made therein are subject to the State sanction according to 
the terms ot the resolutions contained in 4 and 5. 


The archbishop, bishop, and the administrator of the bishopric alone are 
in free connexion with the Superior of the Church in all matters relatin 01 to 
Church Government, but they must always tak^ into consideration the circum 
stances arising out of the metropolitan : iterests. 



All the other ecclesiastics of the diocese are in all Church affairs to apply to 
the bishop (or archbishop). 


Only such ecclesiastics of the diocese are eligible to the appointment of 
cathedral canons as are priests thirty years of age, and of blameless conduct, 
who possess pre-eminent theological acquirements, and who have exercised 
either the cure of souls, an academical professorship, or some other public 
office with distinction, and who are weil acquainted with the Constitution of the 

The chapter of every cathedral church enters upon the entire sphere of 
action of the presbyteries, and constitutes under the bishop the highest adminis 
trative authority of the diocese. The form of administration is collegial. The 
dean presides therein. 


Taxes, or rates, of whatever kind they may be, or by whatever names they 
may be called, shall not be raised either by our own or by foreign ecclesiastical 

The imposition of official fees (together with the stamp-duty) depends in 
each State upon the sovereign decision. 


The deaneries are to be rilled by the mutual concurrence of the Government 
and episcopal authorities, with worthy parish priests, who shall also have been 
accustomed to administrative duties. 


The deans are the immediate Church superiors of the ecclesiastics appointed 
within their deaneries. They are to report to the Government and episcopal 
authorities upon necessary affairs, and to carry out the instructions issued to 
them hy the said authorities. 

A particular instruction prescribes to them the sphere of their professional 


Each of the collective States will take care, when such an institution does 
not already exist, that for the efficient education of the candidates of the Catholic 
ecclesiastical condition, there shall be established either a Catholic theological 
seminary, as a faculty in connexion with the University of the country, or that 
the candidates, if necessary, thall be enabled from the general Catholic Church 
Fund of the diocese to attend an established University of this kind in the 


The candidates of the cccles : astical condition shall, after having completed 
three years of theological studies, be perfected in the practical exercise of the 
cure of souls for one year in the seminary lor priests, and so far free of expense 
as the sums set down in the endowment deeds for the seminaries extend. 



Only those candidates shall be received into the seminary who shall have 
successfully passed the examination jointly appointed by the State and episcopal 
authorities, and shall have been found worthy of the State beard allowance 
(Tischtitel) granted to them under the aforesaid conditions. 


The State beard allowance (Tischtitel) gives the authentic security that the 
due maintenance of those of the ecclesiastical condition, unless forfeited by 


incompetency for service, will be furnished, as also the special expenses of 
education and keeping, subsidiarily from the ecclesiastical endowments applicable 
thereto, with assistance from our exchequer, according to the regulation already 
made in that behalf. 

A. just return can be required from (he titulary only when he comes into 
better circumstances, or in course of time obtains a benefice which produces 
more than the competent revenue (conyrua). 

Tn each diocese a competition examination of those ecclesiastics who wish 
to be promoted to a parochial benefice or to some other church benefice, takes 
place once a-year, by a commission appointed conjointly by the State and epis 
copal authorities. Such ecclesiastics only will be admitted to this examination 
as have been at least for two years appointed as assistant priests in the cure 
of souls, and can produce good testimonials of their conduct from their 


The classification consequent upon this examination will be considered in 
the future promotions of the person examined. 


In the same way a classified division of the parochial and other church 
benefices is made according to the degree of their importance and revenues ; in 
order that the patrons who can only nominate ecclesiastics of the diocese may 
be able to regulate their choice accordingly. 


No ecclesiastic can hold, under any pretence whatever, at the same time, 
two church benefices, of whatever kind they may be, of which each one produces 
the competent revenue (congrua). 

Every ecclesiastic must reside in his benefice, and can only absent himself 
therefrom for a limited time with permission. 

No ecclesiastic can accept any dignities, pensions, decorations, or tides of 
honour from foreigners, without the consent of his Sovereign. 


Every ecclesiastic, before he receives the church ordination, shall take the 
oath of fidelity to the head of the State, and swear canonical obedience to the 


The State grants to the ecclesiastics every necessary and legal assistance 
for the fulfilment of the duties of th^ir profession, and protects them in the 
enjoyment of the consideration and distinction arising from their professional 


The ecclesiastics have as well as the Inity the right of appeal to the State 
authorities whenever an abuse of the eccbsiastical authority takes place against 


Each State will regulate the administration of the endowments appointed 
for the episcopal support (tisch) for the cathedral chapter and the seminary, as 
well as the contribution allotted to the archbishop, according to its Constitution 
and the existing directions concerning the same. 




The possessions of the Catholic Church benefices, as also all general and 
particular church funds shall, under the co-superintendence of the bishop, be 
preserved in their integrity, and in no way applied to other than Catholic Church 
purposes. The competent revenues (congrua) of the parochial benefices, where 
they produce less than from 500 to 600 florins, shall be by degrees raised to 
these suras. The administration of the inferior church benefices is left in the 
hands of those who receive the proceeds, and who are to be guided therein by 
the existing directions in each State. 


In each of the collective States is to be established as soon as practicable a 
general Catholic Church fund, out of which those exigencies of the Catholic 
Church are to be relieved, for the satisfaction of which there is no legal obliga 
tion upon any one, nor any existing means. 

The State and Church authorities in our dominions are to pay due attention 
to the foregoing Resolutions. 

Witness our hand and the State seal thereto afExed. 
Cassel, January 30, 1830. 

(L.S.) WILLIAM, Elector. 

(Countersigned) VON MEYSENBUG. 


NASSAU, &c. 

No. 2. 
Lord Cowley to Viscount Palmerston. (Received March 24.) 

My Lord, Frankfort, March 21, 1851. 

I HAVE thought that it might be useful to furnish Her Majesty s 
Government with some information respecting the manner in which 
Roman Catholic bishops are appointed in the small States in the 
immediate neighbourhood of Frankfort, of which the majority of the 
population is Protestant, but in which Roman Catholic bishops are 

I accordingly applied to the different Governments for information, and 
I lose no time in forwarding to your Lordship a copy of the answer which 
I have received from the Government of Nassau, giving a very clear and 
distinct account of everything relating to the Roman Catholic clergy, not 
only in that duchy, but in those States (Wurtemberg, Baden, the two 
Hesses, and Frankfort) with which Nassau is connected under one arch 
bishop. This information will be the more interesting to Her Majesty s 
Government, because it appears that Nassau has no Concordat or Con 
vention with Rome, although unofficial communications have at times 
taken place with the Papal See, and an understanding established on cer 
tain points; but as your Lordship will see by the inclosure above referred 
to, the general regulation respecting their Roman Catholic subjects have 
been agreed to by the six Governments among themselves, and acquiesced 
in by the Roman Catholics, without any reference to the Court of Rome. 

There is one other point to which I would venture to remark. The 
Roman Catholic bishops residing at Rothenberg, Fulda, Mayence, and 
Limburg, are, if I am rightly informed, called bishops at, and not of, those 

I would also call attention to the 3rd, 4th, 5th, 9th, 16th, 33rd, and 
34th Articles of the Ducal Proclamation of the 30th January, 1830, as 
showing the powers exercised by the Ducal Government over the Roman 
Catholic priesthood ; and to Articles from No. 25 to 31, which prove that 
the Ducal Government even interferes in the education of persons bringing 
up for the priesthood. This proclamation is not founded on any under 
standing with the Court of Rome, but is simply the expression of the will 
of the Duke of Nassau. 

I have, &.c. 
(Signed) COWLEY. 

22 NASSAU, &c. 

Inclosure 1 in No. 2. 
Prince Wintzingcrode to Lord Cowlcy. 

9!h)Iorb, SSieobaben. ben 16. gRarj 1851. 

?luf ba9 fleebrteftf_ Gdircibcn Horn 14tcn b.JQt., baa SScrbaltniji bee peipftlidicn Stnbleo iii bee 
fatbolifdien .s\ird)e bc3 er pa,tbum-3 Slaff-itt betrcffenb, bceile id) mid) Purer Prcellcns ein Premplar 
bc3 iMcrtcn SanbdJ ber Sammluna, ber Wefehc tint 1 s -Ben.nbmma,en bc:> &erjogtbum{i I iaffau 511 i tber-- 
fenben, beffcn Snbeilt in bcin ?lb|dmitte fiber bie firdilidie Sertoaftung pag. 461 498 mrigibigen 
Slufftbluf, binfiditlid) ber a,eftcllten a,cbcn biirftc. 

?lu3 bciu Pbiete Horn 9. .October 1827 ttnb ben bemfeiben beia,efiia,tcn Sullen Provida solersque 
\>om 16. Jlua.uft 1821 ttnb Ad dominici grcgis custodiain bom 1 1. Jlpril 18:27 (pag. 465 488) 
H pflen Pure Pr,celleiu crfeben, bajj beici ^r^ttwtn i uiffati bc;u>]lidi ber firdilidien SSerbaltuiffe bee 
Jtarbolifeti ehren SSeftanbtfxil ber Oberrbeinifdien .vtirdienprpbinj bilbet, unb baji iibT bie SMIbutifj 
ber Cberrbeini|"d)en .fiird)cnprpbim, bi; ^eciren^nia,, Jlnojtattuna, ttnb Piiiridituna, ber ba tt a, bcua,en 
fftnf 8i3rbuntfr (^fcilntni, 9lo;tenbum, ^imburq, s K,iim, A-iilba) mit ibrcn S)c>mrapitel:i, foivie bit 
SSffe^trnq ber erjl)ifd)Bflld)en inib bifd)Pflidi:n Stiiblc ttnb ber boinftiftlidicn i\rab;nben ein Ueberdtu 
fommen ^luifdicit ben betreffenf en taatc>rea,ieniiia,:ii ttnb bcin papftluiu-u 3tuhle bcjtebt. 

Sag (Sbict toom 30. Janitar 1830 (pag. 493497) cntbalt iiber bie S5erbaltni)Te ber Tber- 
rbcinifdieii .ftirdienprolnin nnb bercn iBio bitiniT, namentlid) fiber bie Stellunn bee- Staatg ^ttr 
fatbolifdien .fiirdje naberc SBtftimmungen, lueldic auf ctncr iScrftSnbigunfl ber bctbeiltAtcn Sleivenin^tn 
ttnter cinanbrr, nid)t aber auf cinem llebYrcinfomm.-n mit bem papftlidKn Stttble beniben. 
Sag $;rtogtf)um 2Jajfa fpedell beriibrt bar. Pbtct I om 9. Detober 1827, bie iBilbnnn bee. fatbolifdjen 
(fentralfirdienuinba betreffeub (pag. -10846:)). SNicifclbe ^ilt Vc-n cinem fcbr und^tiivni iilteren 
^er^dilid) ^affanifdAcn Pbirte lunn 31. ?litiinft 1803, uuiiuni id) ?lbfdn-ift beiiiifi tiicn mid) beebre. 
3n biefem Ie(jteren Pbiete iff luimentlidi bie 5B:fc(?uiui ber ^farrcien nnb fiMiftia,en nicberen iBenef rien, 
foweit uidit cintr ^riiiatpcrfon bag < ivitvonatr>rnln ^uflanb, bem SJanbeSberm aid ^adn oiiier in bie 
SJatronatr -^iedite ber iionnaliqen Sleiieiiten obet aufticlPften t f LM pi>rationen lipibebalten, ttnb bie 
neiftli.iie erid)t8barfeit auf bie Jftmbbiibuitfl ber Sioeiplin t tbcr bie ffeiftlidien nnb auf Pbefad-cn, 
folwett bie (5 be ala Satrainent in iVetradit feinmt, einiicfd ranl t Un-rben. JItif bie PompetenUH-fnm^ 
mttiii] in ffbefad/en be,iebt fid) fpeeiell bie in bem an^efiibrten Sanbe ber Sercrbiuniivr fanimluni] 
(pag 176) ab^ebntcfte Sctprbniuiii IHMH ^0. 3"H 18.25, tie (StfnffitirfttfttjJ ciner Slppcllaticmcmftaiij 
bei Pbci^eibinhir-fliiiien ber .^tatbolifen behvffenb. 

bie befoitbere Jvraiic t tber baS im .ftct^Piitbmn iiblidie Scrfahren bei ber Prnciunnu i tint) 
be3 Sifd)ofg tinb ber iibriiien Weiftlid^feit betrifft, fo erlaitbe idi mil lunfid tlid 1 beo ^ifd pfa, 
pwnDecanS-, ber Sombernt ttnb ber S>pnuiicare ^ti yimbtirii auf bie lanbccbenlidi beftatiiite Millie 
ad dominici gregis custodiain, nnb binfid>tlidi ber ubria,en Weiftlid feit auf bao oben envabnte Pbiet 
lipm 31. 9lm-|uft 1N03 ^e^iui ,^n ncbmcn. SJei (^rlebiiiuini be? bifdH x fIid^en <ctublc8 jut i iinlnifi] bat 
ba3 roiiHMpitel tnnerbiilb eine-i s Btonafd IHMII 5a^e ber Prlebifliina, on iver edMiet ein iBer^cid iiifi ber 
jut bifdii^li.ben iln trbe iiceiajieten J icr. fatuieiftlidicn attf-uffcllcn, 1111? bem yanbcobeirn jur Wcncb* 
iniiittiu] lionul. iien. ?lti benjeiiia.en Panbibaten, UH-Ute bie KnibePbeulidie 9lpprcbation crbaltcu 
Ijaben, luablt bai Somc.ipitel ben ^ij\fof nadi ben i^eiupbiilidien rpinaiiifd>en Apnnen. 

Ser ewa blte bat fidi algbalb nadi ber ih>abl luenen ber ppnfirinatini an ben papljlidu-n 8 tttbl 
p luenben, unb luenn er bi: iBeftatiivnu] erbalt, i pr ber Ppnfectatipn in ber ( ? i s iui[dwft ale- iijifdipf 
ben (5iP ber Srette ttnb be-3 Webprfaino in bie -Vianbe beo yanbesbcrrn niebcr-tiletieu. Siitrb bie ii abl 
bon bem papftlidien Stublc nidit befKitidt, fo tiitt ein !PeYolntitfrt8reit J f nid ,t ein, c3 ift pielmebr bent 
Somcapitel bat* 91 edit, ,^tr neiteii ifijabl \u fdn-eiten, bprbcbaltcu. Set Prlebi^uiu^ be? ^cmbccauate8, 
finer Homberniftelle ttnb einer ^pinraplanftellf luerben in iibnlidier ^- ; eife bem Sanbeoberrn inec 
(?anbibat;it lun-qefdilaii.-!!, au6 lueldieu, nadi ^efeitiiiuri] ber bnn H anbeeberrn nid^e iienebincn 
$erfpn:n, beinnadift ber iMfdipf abived>f:lnb mit bem SpuuMpitel O incn cmcimt; bie Ciinniifdie 
Pinfetttinit ertb;ilt in bi:fen fallen jebe-?inal ber iMfdipf. Siei Prlebiiiuiifl ber ^farreifn ober anbcrcr 
SJcneficien ii irb auf 91ntra,t beo S3ii\-bp?3 bie Tie|liua ipn ber ^etfpn Don bem Sfanbcpberrn attriicubt, 
fow:tt nidit $dbatp:rfon:n ftdi im iLVfihc VHMI ^iitronatsr.-diten befmben. Seven ^vaf:ntatip in-tavf 
ber lanbeciberrlidien S3eftatii]tnu]. ?luf ben Writnb einer lanbeplierrlidicn Prnrnmin^ourftinbe, pbec 
ber lanbe^b.Tflidi.-n Se|tafi,-,unji ber ^rafentafimi einw AirdvenpatiTir, U irb VPII bem SMfd-of bie 
fird^lidi: ^nfiitHtipn cvtbcilt. oebev Weifilidu- bat, bevcr er bie firchlidic Jnftituticn erbalt, bcin 
^anbeoberrn ben Pit 1 ber Jrene ab^nleiien, bem iyifd pf abcr ben eaiionifd .rn 0)ebprfam jtt iielpben. 

Sa cd Purer PreelleiM bicllei.lit i>on eini^em ontereff: fein btirfte, IHMI berjeniiien flebraiiiiten 
ll:berfi,i)t ber proteftantifdwi u>ie fatiiplifdien firdili.hen ^eiluilhiifie beo .V>cr^\Vbnni3 I lafjott, UH ld)e 
ftd) in ber erften Jlttb:ilu^ bed unb ?lbref;b.iii:lntd)6 be8 .f>ei^PiVbitiu8 abi]cbrucft fuibet, 
Pinfid)t ^u n:b:n. % n, fp celaitb: id) ntir ein Premplar ber-f.-lbni ttnb ^inn lipm Jabriiani] 184!, tveldiec 
mit tern ^um l.ttr. im .e biefe llebeiji.iit eiitb.iltenbcn nidit inebe vorrSH)i(jen Jialjrganjj 18i7 itberein= 
ftimmt, beiuifdilief:;ii. 

9la8 iseranlaffuiii] bev S3:f.ii[i t|T: bei SJational-SerjainmUinii ?,u Afanffurt baben bie neuercn 
Sen 1 ) ben iv-rfl|fii uven, inn fp au.ii bi: iserfiffun^ beet .f)eru\ilfbnmg 5iaffatt ben Wrtinbj atj an^c- 
nomm:n, b.ip bie ,^irdi:iu-|C|"ell|"d).ift ibre inneren Slngclrf|fnbcitrn felbftftanbi^ prbnen inib v.-nimlten 
follen, uipsti id) mir ftbii.]eia jtt bem.-rfen erlaube, bap iiber bie fflobalitaten ber Slu&fnbniun biefe3 
^rincip3 SSefb.inbltiiiijen f.b:ueben, tin) bie friibere efetsijebuiii] bermalen nod) in SSJirffiimfrit 

?lu.i) bie (j^rinu.irH.ic efe^en!):it benittj: idi, Pur:r Pi;ceIIem bie Setftdjentnej ber ati rjc- 
jeid;nctftcn l"o.i)a.i)titna / 511 crneueni, mitlyeld)er id) AU berbarren bie Pl;ie babe 

Purer Pjeelleiij 

crijcbenfter Siencr 

NASSAU, &c. 23 


My Lord, Wiesbaden, March 16, 1851. 

WITH reference to your Lordship s communication of the 14th 
instant respecting the relations between the Pope and the Catholic Church 
of the Duchy of Nassau, I have the honour to transmit to you a copy of 
the fourth volume of the Collection of Laws and Statutes of the Duchy of 
Nassau, the contents of which will afford information on the points 
required in the paragraphs on the church administration (pages 461 
and 498). 

From the edicts of the 9th October, 1827, and the adjoined Popish 
bull, Provida solcrsqtie, of the 16th August, 1821, and the Ad Dominici 
gregis custodiain,of the 17th April, 1827 (pages 465 and 488), your 
Excellency will observe that the Duchy of Nassau, with regard to the 
church relations of the Catholics, forms a main part of the church pro 
vinces of the Upper Rhine, and that in the formation of the church 
provinces of the Upper Rhine, the limits, endowment, and arrangements of 
the five bishoprics (Freiburg, Rottenburg, Limburg, Mayence, and Fulda), 
with their chapters, together with the filling up of the archbishop s and 
bishop s sees, and of the cathedral prebends, are arranged according to 
an agreement between the Government of the State and the Papal See. 

The edict of the 30th January, 1830 (pages 493 and 497), contains 
further regulations on the relations between the church provinces and 
their bishoprics, namely, with reference tothe relative position of the State 
and Catholic Church, grounded on an agreement between the Governments 
interested, but not on an agreement with the Papal See. 

The edict of the 9th October, 1827, more especially relates to the Duchy 
of Nassau and the formation of a Catholic Church fund (pages 463 and 465). 
It dates from a very olrl and important Nassau edict of August 31, 1803, of 
which I inclose a copy. In it the filling up of the livings and other small 
benefices, when not in the gift of private |>ersons. are reserved to the Prince, 
as successor to the former Regent or dissolved Corporation, and the 
spiritual jurisdiction with reference to discipline and marriages, in so far 
as marriage is a religious ceremony, is circumsct ibed. 

The arrangements respecting marriages are specially laid down in the 
volume of Regulations, page 176. in the Regulation of the 20th July. 1825, 
referring to the establishment of a Court of Appeal in matters of divorce. 

"With reference to the rules in force in the duchy respecting the nomina 
tion and appointment of bishops and other clergy, I would, with regard to 
the bishops, deans, canons, and vicars of Limburg, refer you to the Bull 
Ad Dominici grcgis cnslodiam ; and with regard to the other clergy, 
to the edict of the 31st August, 1K03. On a vacancy of a Bishop of 
Limburg s see. the chapter is commissioned to choose those of the clergy 
of the diocese who are fitted for the dignity of bishop, within one month 
from the period of the vacancy and to propose them for the approval of 
the Prince. From those candidates who have been approved of by the 
Prince, the chapter chooses a bishop, according to the usual forms. The 
individual so chosen has thereupon to apply to the Papal See for con 
firmation of this appointment ; and when he has obtained it, to take, before 
his consecration as bishop, the oaths of fidelity and obedience to the Prince. 
If the choice is not approved by the Papal See, it is reserved to the 
chapter to proceed to a fresh election. On a vacancy of a dean, canon, or 
vicar, a candidate is proposed in the same manner, and chosen by the 
bishop and chapter alternately, subject to the approval or rejection of 
the Prince; the installation in all these cases lying with the bishop. 
In vacancies of vicars and other small benefices the candidates will be 
chosen by the Prince on the nomination of the bishop, when such benefices 
are not in the gift of private persons. But in this latter case all pre 
sentations are subject to the approval of the Prince. On an appointment 
by the Prince, or a presentation by approval of the Prince, the induction 
always takes place by the bishop. Every priest, before induction, has to 
Inko the oath of fidelity to the Prince and of spiritual obedience to the 

24 NASSAU, &c. 

As it might be of some interest to your Excellency to see the 
Protestant as well as the Catholic Church relations of the Duchy of 
Nassau, which are to be found in the first part of the "State and Address 
Book," I inclose a copy of it of the year 1844. 

In consequence of a resolution of the National Assembly of Frank 
fort, the new German Constitution (and consequently that of Nassau) has 
adopted as a principle, that Church bodies should independently order 
and regulate their own internal concerns; to which I beg to add the 
observation, that negotiations are pending as to the manner of carrying 
on this principle, and that meanwhile the old regulations are still in 

T take, &c. 

Inclosure 2 in No. 2. 
Edict of January 23, 1826. 

(5>ie ben eiftlid)en fur 2{njuge au3 ben GiiMljtanbSregtftern jufommenbe SScvgutung 


<5 fiat biSfyer erne 93erf4>tebtn1jtt t ber 2lnftd)tcn bet ben ^pfarrgeijHicbcn, vc>eld)e 
juijleicb (Ststlftanbsbcamtcn fittD, in 93jtc^ung auf bie ebufyr obgeroaltet-, roelcfce fte in 
Dem all $n crljeben tjaben, nxnn Stugjflge au3 ben Siinlftanbsregiftern ^um Sefjufe bet 
SluffteUung ctne3 <Stammbaumc3 ober eine GH fcfycd^regifrerS gcgeben lucrben, ofyne 
bafj fur jcbc entwine ^evfon eigene @cbitrt8fd)eme K. K. nacfy ben f)ievfitr ^ovjjefcbriebemn 
^ormitlaricn erforberltd) finb. 

2)amit bei biefcm c^cnftanbe in Sufunft cine gleit^e 39ef)anblung einmte, ftnb 
^5cb,ften Cvts bte fur gertigung on tammbanmen nub efd;Icc^tghife[n on ben 
$favrgeift(id)en $u bejtcln nben ebufiren baf^in bcftinunt icorben, bajj wenn bev 3tamm 
bourn nur ^in t s ,)3crfoncn entbaU, fur jebe cine SSirgiUung yon 40 Jr., jujammcn alfo 
1 ft. 20 fr., fur bic britte unb jeDe lueitere $erfou abcr nur 10 fr.; alfo fiir 3 ^erfoncn 
I f(. 30 fr., fur 5 ^erfonen 1 fl. 50 fr. u. f. w. be^al^lt lucrben folien. 

JBtr bringen bicfe 33efltmnning jur afigcmeincn Jlenntnip, bainit ftc^ in 
Botfomraenbtn 5 ^^en banad; bemcffen iccrbe. 

SQJ t e b a b c n, ben 23. Sanuar 1826. 


vdt. @ 6 fc. 


(Upon the Payment to be made to Ecclesiastical pel-sons for extracts from 

the Civil Registers.) 

THERE has been hitherto a difference of opinion among the parochial 
-ministers, who are also civil functionaries, in reference to the tees which they 
may demand in the case where extracts are required from the civil register, for 
the purpose of establishing a pedigree or genealogical table, without the 
necessity of furnishing a distinct cerlificate of birth, &c., for each separate 
.person, in the forms prescribed in such cases. 

And in order that an uniform proceeding may in future be followed for this 
purpose, it is ordered by the Government that the fees to be received by the 
parochial ministers for preparing pedigrees and genealogical registers, shall, when 
the pedigree includes only two persons, be I or each person 40 kr., making 
1 fl. 20 kr. together ; and that for the third and every additional person, it shall 
be only luk r., consequently the payment for three persons will be 1 fl. 30 kr., 
for five persons I fl. 50 kr., &c. 

This order is made public, that it may be acted upon whenever tli3 case 

Wiesbaden, January 23, 1826. 

Ducal Government, 
(Signed) A1OLLER. 

NASSAU, &c. 25 

Inclosure 3 in No. 2. 
Edict of April 27, 1827. 

be3 -otjfe|exv unb SJieffcrlofyncS bet bent ^cfolbungsfyols, nx{$e3 au3 
@emeinbcn:alDungcn cnttuttct unto, tnSkjonbetc bei bent bet etft(tcf)en fceltcffenb.) 

2anbe3 9tcgtetung. 

vdt. ijon run. 


(Upon the Payment of the Wood-Filer and Measurer, when the stipend-wood 
is taken from the common forests, especially for that of the Clergy.) 

FOR the general removal of douhts which have frequently arisen upon the 
obligation to pay the fee of the chief cutter of the wood which is furnished as 
part of the stipend to the parochial clergy, we think it proper to explain that 
where the parishes are bound to fell the wood gratuitously, the payment of the 
chief wood-cutter is also to be made out of the parochial funds ; but that in 
places where the duty of felling the wood lies on the vicarage (pfarrei) the 
respective incumbent shall pay the chief wood-cutter for the piling and 


Wiesbaden, April 27, 1827. 

Ducal Government. 

(Signed) MOLLER. 

Inclosure 4 in No. 2. 

Edict of July 9, 1827. 

(2)te Slusfevtigung bet ^tafentattonsutrunben fcet ^attonatS^fatteten Bettcffenb.) 

(3 tft gu unfcrer Jtcnntmp gcfommen, bap ncd; tit ncuevcn 3ettcn fit? StuSfeiv 
ttcjimg toon $t&fentatfmt&Utfunl>en Bet ?Jdttottat8*$fattcieri fn ct unb bort cbuf/rat 
angcfyroc^en unb toon ben ^rafcnttvtcn cntricfytct icotbcn finb. S^te^ ticranla^t un3, 
ben . 4. bc8 ^ot^flen (SbtctS i)om -A-. 2)ejcinkv 1815. in Gmnnevmtg 511 bvtmjen, 

,,alle S^ortefit, Satt unb 5)t0^enfattongelbcr, une folcbc 
,,f)etf en obct "bts^et augefefct njorbcn fettn mo gen, anfge^oben, 
,,unb bcrgletct)en lunt fctncr geiftltct;en, Suflfj*3KfIitftfc, 6til* unb Sorfttcmnxl* 
,,tungg 93e^ovbe fcrner angcfe^t obcv ert)oten iccrben follen." 

3^tc 3lbfptvantcn 511 ^favveten obev fonfitgen SScnefteien, ot)tte Untcvfcfetcb bet 

(lonfeffton, ivevben fid; in funfttgcn SdUen bet Qtrt nac^ btcfer gcfe^Itc^en iBcfttnunung 

rt^ ten, jcbc gefeimbrige ctwatge 2tnfovbcntng on bergletcfcen @eftk$tat on bet 

njeifen unb un bie 3(njetgc baiunt macfcen. 

iBteSbaben, ben 9. Suit 1827. 

ev$ogltd)e l ( anbe^ 9Jegtevung. 
3 5 i I e t. 

vdt. S a n g b o t f f. 


26 NASSAU, &c. 

(Upon the preparation of the Deed of Presentation in benefices of Patronage.) 

IT has come to our knowledge that even in recent times fees have been 
occasionally demanded for the making out of the act of presentation in benefices 
of patronage, and have been paid by the presentee. We are thus induced to 
call to remembrance the 4th section of the Supreme Edict of the -j^-th December, 
1815, whereby 

"All fees and payments for rates and dispensations, however they may be 
called or hitherto demanded, are abolished, and shall not in future be demanded 
or received by any ecclesiastical, judicial, military, or civil authorities, or by 
those of the woods and forests." 

Candidates for parishes or other benefices without distinction of religious 
persuasion, shall in future cases of the sort act in accordance with this legal 
determination, shall reject any illegal demand of such fees, and shall give us 
notice thereof. 

Wiesbaden, July 9, 1827. 

Ducal Government. 
(Signed) MOLLER. 

Inclosure 5 in No. 2. 

Edict of December 29, 1827. 

(T)ie (Svnennung bc cvften 3Sovftcf)ev3 bev csangclifcfjen @eijHtd;r"cit jum efcangeltfdjcn 


Seine .crjocjlt<$e urd)Iau4>t fyakn ocrcttS in ben I)5d)ftcn (Sbicten om 11. 
3luguft 1817. . 5. unb om 8. 5fynl 1818. . 1., 5., 6., 7., 15. gmibigft git 
worbncn gmu)r, baf; nad> bcm 5tittvitt eine bev beiben $uv 3cit bcr Vvoteftanttfd}cn 
Sonfefilott8*aSeitttgutig in cine e^cmgelifcMmftlick $\ir$t omgeftellt gerccfcnm 
(Seneral=3u^crtntenbentcn, jut Cberaufftc^t fur fammtltck eitangcftfc&^d)riftltd;e 
@etftlid)c unb ^ttrd;en nut (sin encraku!pertntenbcnt tcftellt iverbcn foil, unb 
babei ^Miftftd) owBc^alttn, bcmfclkn ctnen ^M;cten 2)tcnftrang ki^ilegen. 

9lad)bem nun biefet gaK cingctteten ift : fo t}cibcn Seine eijogtt<$ 2)nvd)Iaud)t 
id; gniibtgft tcuiogen gefunbcn, in 3ufunft, nad) bcm in anbcrtt taaten fd^on 
gegetenen 23ctfpicl, bem crften SSorfie^er bet ei?nngclifd)cn Wetftlid^eit in bem ficr^ogt^um 
ben 2)ienftd>atactet eincg a}tfd;of-3 mtt bcm bamtt wcrfcunbcnen Oi\ing einc fh aftbenten 
ber I)ol)eten (Sollcgtcn gnabtgft beijuUgett. 

Xuvd) btefe lebtglid; bte ^erfonltd;cn SScrfjaltniffc bcS in 3u funft in bie 2)icnj!^ 
function bev @cneral;Suevintcnbcntcn trctcnben ct>vingclifd;cn Sanbcslnfd^cfS 6eruf)vcnbc 
Stnovbnnng foil ut>rigcn in ber burd) bte obcn cr;v>al)ntcn teibcn (Sbicte bcftimmtcn 
SScrfajfung bev c^angcIifdH-n -fitid)e, unb tnSOcfonbeve in bem in . 15. be @bict^ tiont 
8. St^vil 1818 Bcftimmtcn iBitfungofveiS beg cvfien 5Borftcficv bevfcttcn buvdiauS nid;t 
ixvanbert roerben. 

@S nnvb bicfc - ( pod)fie Scfitmmung ^od)f!cm 53efcr)t gcmii|1 5uv alfgemeincn 

SBicSbobcn, ben 29. 55egcm6er 1827. 

gvci^ew son 3ft a v f d; a 1 1. 

vdt. @tetn. 


(Upon the nomination of the first Head of the Evangelical Clergy to an 

Evangelical Bishopric.) 

His Serene Highness has already, in Supreme Edicts of the llth August, 
1817, 5, and of 8th April, 1818, 1, 5, 6, 7, 15, graciously ordained, that 
upon the removal of one of the two General Superintendents appointed at the 
time of the Protestant religious union in an Evangelical church, only one 

NASSAU, &c. 27 

general superintendent shall be appointed to the chief inspection of all the 
Evangelical clergy and churches, and he has reserved to himself the right of 
conferring a higher rank upon the same. 

As this has now taken place, His Serene Highness is graciously pleased for 
the future, according to the example already given in other States, to confer 
upon the first head of the Evangelical clergy in the duchy the office of a bishop 
with the rank of president of the higher colleges, therewith combined. 

By this Ordinance, which concerns merely the person of the Evangelical 
bishop, who may in future take the office of general superintendent, nothing 
whatever shall be altered in the Constitution of the Evangelical church as 
defined by the two edicts above mentioned, and especially in the functions of 
the chief head of the same, as determined by 15 of the Edict of the 8th 
April, 1818. 

This Supreme resolution is made known to all persons by Supreme 

Wiesbaden, December 29, 1827. 

Ducal Ministry of State, 

Inclosure 6 in No. 2. 

Edict of October 9, 1827. 
(Ste 93tfinmg bc3 faif)o[ifd;en GenttaffttdjenfonbS ftetreffenb.) 

SBir 2B t It; e I in, turn cttc QnaDcn foufceriincr -^erjog ju 91affau K. K. 

Ijia6en eriuogen, ba|, nad> Dem iCnr bie $unbatton etues fatfyoltfdxn 2Mfdjof3 unb 
3)0ntT<tyitel3 fur Unfcr cr$ogt[)um au Unfcrcn Somancn fccftritten jpaftnt, ,^u Secfung 
beS affgcmetrcn aSeraaltun^f&iftwmbeS ber fatf;oltf4 en JftrdJe tit Unfcrm -peTjogityum 
nod) wetter: (^hmahmcn crforbcrt nxrbeu, ^u bercn Sluflmrtguruj einjclne fiir$en 
gemctttben ntcftt ycrlntnbcn cber ntc^t scrmogent) [tub, utrt) ba^ aui^ fiftcrS au^et* 
orbenth of)c 23cburfuiffc fiir bcu fat()ottfd>eu (5ultu in 3tt(gemctnen itnb insbcfonbete fur 
ba son tins neu gcfttftctc 33ttf)um ctn^ntvctcn ^flegcrt, ,511 beren 2)crfung f^ccieflc 
tnnafiinctt nocli ntdu angcuncfcn unb auSgemtttelt fine. 

SBtr t)afcen baf)cr fiton i^or ntefyrcmt 3at>rcn bie 2trt, irte btcfem ^Beburfniffc 
cnugc 511 letftcn f\ in retfitcftc Gnviignng gc^ogcn, btc oterftcn unD ofccrcn gctftltc^en 
SSer/ikben UnfcrcS ^crjogrtntni-3 barufccr guta^ltcl) ticrnommen uub ftnb baburc^ in Den 
@tanb gcfet njorbcn, bte gcet gnetcn befonbern ^onb unb (Sinna^meqBtfien nunme^r 
ft)ectell ,511 kjti^nen, burd) iceicfyc btefe SBebntfnijfe bcr fat()Dltfcf)en Jltrd)e gebcrft it>crben 
fottcn, inbem na<ft bet SScvfaffung UnfcrcS &ev,^ogtJ)unt unb btm 6i8l)ertgcn ^crfommcu 
ebcn fo uxnig, a!8 bie firc^lic^en 23ci>urfniffe bet ei>angelt[ccn Jvirc^c, icelc^cr bic 
OJte ^rjfl^I bet ^en otiiter UnfereS >6er,5ogrt)um angc^brt, au^ ben allgemcinen 
SanbesfteucrsGmtfunftcn llnfereS -cr,pgtl)umS gebccft iccrben, bicfe jur 2)ecfung ber 
tcfonbcrn S&ebflrfmffe bcr fatt)oltfci)cn Jttrcbc in 3tnfprud; genommen werben fbnncn. 
wottcn uub ycrorbncn nlfo ane uacfcfolgt : 

Stlbung beo fatl)o(ifd;en @entra(ftrd)enfmib0. 

. 1. (S foil cm fat^oltfc^cr 6entra[ftv^enfonb3 crrid;tct icetDcn. 3 beffen 
@innaf)me befttmmen 2Bir : 

1. ben nad) bcr 2(lJrI)eihutg tnit ber Jtronc ^reupen ber Steffctrc bcrtliefcenen 
5L ^eiI ber dwuboniifd^cn ^unbatton. 

2. 2as i^on Sccftfcftc JJegot. 

3. Sen Ueberrcft bc3 Unfcrm <cr^ogt()um jitgefattenen 3(ntl)etfs an bent fogenannten 
Dauber fat^oltfc^en (SotteeturfuntotS, untcv ber SerOtnbltd fcit ?-ur 93ejal;lung ber auf 
bemfelOen ru()cnben v cfolDimgcn, infofcrn nic^t burc^ 2tusfd)eiDung ton graWt^eilot 
cine QtbfinDnng crfolgt tit. 

4. Sen 0HeDcrgraffd)aftltc()cn 8uv^Icmentaffunbu mil Dem SSotfedjalt ber Seiftung 
ber barauf ru()cnben ^aftcn. 

5. Sic ftapttel&afftn fammtlicftcr I anbDccbancicn im ^er^ogt^uw. 

6. Sa^ aiJcrmbgcn folder Jta^ctlcn unb cinfac^cn SBeneficien, beren !JUd;tfortbejtanb 
fur angemeffcn crfannt werben follte. 


28 NASSAU, &c. 

7. Tie Onnfrinftc enim aufgefyobcn ipcrbcnbev 5pfarrctcn unb Jtaplancteit, inforoeit 
foldje nid>t y:r bcffcrn dotation bcrjcntgen ^farrcicn, nxldicu bic ^farrgenoffcu jencv 
^famtcn ciiiDcrlcibr vocrbcn, crforbcrlid; fmb. 

8. Tic in (SrlebigungSf&fien in bcr 8? eg el efnjujiefytnben, ba auf 1800 fl. 
bcftimmte SJJavimnm bc3 9an-malgefc,alt3 cincS s ^favvcr ubcrftctgenbcn ^farrcinhuifte. 

9. Tic Don bem tetbcmonat bi* ,5111 2BifbetBefeung alter gcifrlidjen ^frunbcn 
nad) 2tt>ytg ber Soften fur tic interiuufttfd^e 3?cru:ftltung uberfd)kf3enbcn 2>uter 

10. G inen jiifyrlidjcn Sufc^uf? au ben (Sittfunften alter ^ctftlidjcn Spfrunbcn, bic 
fimfttg scrgcten ifcrbcn, obcr bcvjcutgen, bet bercn fruT)crcn (Sonfcrirmtg bic funfttgc 
3Un]aBc an ben ju conftituivcnbcu C5cntra[ftrdKnfonb3 tcrcitS au^brucflic^ i^rOeftalten 
Jcorbeu iff, uub ^war tin (Jrtva^ bcv ^fruntcu Ins ?,vt .TaufcnD idbcn ton cinem 
^recent unb Don ^ aufcnb ulbcn unb baruOer Don ciu mtb cincm falkn ^recent beS 
a,an$m ini)entariat8m&fign @mfomtnen. Tageqcn fallen bic friiftcr bcftanbcncn 
Slbgabcn nnter bcr 93cnennung Don (Somnicnbcs unb 3tteftttut*elbent, Cathedraticum 
Mariaebornicum, subsidium cliaritativum, jucundus introitus, tristis exitus, 
fur bic Suhntft ganoid) Ijhtwcg. 

11. tlntcr gfeicl;ma|ltger Slufftebung beS numnius quinquagesimus, bc3 Fcrdo 
unb bcr Marca domini Juerbcn au bc^t iBcrlaffcnfc^aftcn bcr ciftlicbcn ciner ^frunbc 

a") bcr crftcn Gtaffc Don 500 6tS an 750 f(. . . 25 fl. fr. 

b) bcr juxiten (5(affc Don 750 IMS an 1000 fl. . . 50 
) bcr bvitten Glaffc Don 1000 big an 1200 f(. . . 75 

d) bcr Dicrfcn Gfaffc Don 1200 big an 1500 fl. . . 120 

c) bcr fmtften (5(affc Don 1500 ft. unb barubcr . . 200 

an ben fat()olifd)cn (ScntralfivdK ufoucg cntvicfytct, wcnn bcmfclbcn Dom drblaffcr ni^t 
etn grof;erc S5crmad)tniJ5 l)tnterlaffen irwben ift. iBiirc Ic^jtcvcS gcfc&cftcn, fo ivtrb biefe 
5(bgabe nid)t angcfclst. 

1.2. 3)en @tfa| ber au6 biefcm Senttalfirc^enfonbS genojfencn tlnterflu^ungen Don 
bcnjcnigen, n.icld)c bem inlanbifdicn Jlirdjcnbienftc ftc^ cnt^icl^cn. 

13. Ten (Srtraa, ber ben eiftUd)cn etixnt augcfc^ten Tisci^Hnargclbftrafcn. 

14. Ten C5rtrag DOU llnS a^robirter Sdjcnfungcn, 2>ermad;tniffc unb (ctiftnngen 
fitr bicfcn (Vunbu. 

15. Ten auS bein 95erlag Don ^vated)iomcn, efangbud^ern u. f. \v. fid) crgebcnben 

16. Um Sattc burd) biefe (Emna^mequeQen tie 23cburfniffc bicfcs SunbuS nid;t 
/jcbi rft iccrben fonnen, foil cin nad) ben llinftanbcn ^u beftiinmcnbcr t)eil bcr ja f;rlid;cn 
^cd)nung0ubcrfd;uffe bcr ^ocalftri^enfonb in ben Gcntralfirdicnfonby fltfjen. 

17. bcfwltcn Sir Un Dor, bei bennod; fid) ctica crgcbcnbem Tcftcit nod) icciterc 
(Stnnat)ntcn bicfem gmibng au ba^u geciguct erfanntcn Dneltcn ^n bciridigen ober 
eirtcn 2tufd)Iag auf famnitlidic fatboitfdic Aird;engeincinben 511 bcffen Tcrfung ^u 

SPeftimmung be Fat^olifcftcn (Scntralfird;enfonb^. 

. 2. 3n emafjfiett bcr obcn im allgcmeinen bc^eicf;nctcn s ^cilinnnung beiJ 
fatr)olifd>en 6cntralt ird)cnfonb^, ledger itbcrad nur unb allein au()ulfu d;e 3ufd;uffe ju 
ben 3?cburfmffcn ber fati)olifd?cn Birdie UnfcrcS .erjogtliinn0 yt Ictftcu beftimmt if}, 
fottcn bcffen (Stnf flnftc Dcrwenbct imben : 

1 . 3nr Stiftuna, neucr fatbolifdjcr s ^farreien unb Jta^Iancicn, wo fold>c uot^ig 

2. 3nr S5crbcffcrung gertng botirtcr -^farrcicn. 

3. Bit ^cfolbungSjuiagen fur Dcrbicntc ctftltdic, bcrcn 33eforbcrung auf cine 
cintraglidWe Stctte itid)t fadigcmiii? crfdxint. 

4. 3ur JBcvbcfferung geting funbirter vUaptaneien in ben gdtten, wo bie bctreftenbe 
.ird)cngemeinbc lucgcit Mangels an cignen Eltitteln cincS fold>cu 3ufd)uffcg bcbarf. 

5. 3u Unterftii^ungcn fur talentDoUe, f^iige unb ivo()tgcfittcte fatfiolifdic 
^unglinge, weld;e ftd; ber fatrioltfd>cn .^(;cologie wibmcn, jut ^cftrcitung %er 

6. 3u 9inf)cget)atten fur auSgcbiente @eiftUd>c, au teren ^frunbenertrag cin 
.^ulfgeift[id;er nid;t befolbct werbcn fann. 

NASSAU, &c. 29 

7. 3uv UntcvjKtfcung untocrmbgcnbev Jtivdjcnqemeinben, um fonfttge nottwenbtgc 
c 33eburfmffc, luojit e3 an SKtttehi fefjlt, ,511 bcfh cttcn. 

8. 3u etu:a "ovfommciibcn affgcmcincn ftvcfiltcbcu Ptforbcvntffeu, ujctdjc fur bte 
getftltcfyc SScriDaltuug uotfjtg fmb obcv nit^ltcf) erad;tct iwbctt, ttnb ivofuv feme befcnbcrett 
funbattonSniaptgen SSittel twljaubcu fuib. 

33cvialtung bc3 (SetttroIFitdjenfbnbS. 

. 3. Ucbev bcu fat(ioltfc$cn (SetttralfitdjenfonM fiifirt Unfcre anbc&8?cgicrung, 
untcr bcr SWttaufftcfyt uub SWttnnvfuug bcv btfcftofltcfKn S i3diovbe, line fiber (amnitltc^e 
offcntltdic {yunbt unb anbcvc (5ovr>ovaiionsctnfunftc tic obcrc SJerroaftung, unb rotvb ufcer 
btc }af)vlid;cn ^Bcbuvfmffc unb (?tnuaf)incn ctncn jRc<|nung8tt6etf^Iag, line btcfcS au(^ 
bet anbcrn Sor^orattonen ijcfcfnefit, aufftcifcn. (53 anrb baritber ctnc cta,uc Ofccfcmmg 
gcfu^rt unb fold?c nac^ vorliiuftgcv -prufung buvif) bic bifd;Bfltc6c 83e i)&rbe Won Unfcrcv 
;Hcd)iuun3=(5ammcv, iccld;c btc t>onf:vatton, rtcl)tti)c SScnvcnbuug unb Qkrvedjnung 
affefi (So^)otattonS*UJetnt6gcnS jit controlircrt i)at, rctnbttt unb at*gef<^Ioffen, fobanu abcr 
burd) ben Svitfc unb bimi) QtuStfjethtng an fammtltcbc ^farnr jut ^ubltcitiit 

Unfcve SanbeiMJiegimmg i\t nut bcv SoUjfe^ung btcfcg @btct Ijcaufttagt, unb 
foil baffclbc buvcb Stbcvucf tin SSetotbnungSWatt guv ojfcntltc^en ^enntnf| 

So gcgcbcn 93tclJvt(f\ ben 9. .October 1827. 
(L.S.) iBtl^elm. 

vdt. gvctcvr on 5Karc 

(Upon the formation of a Central Catholic Church Fund.) 

WE, William, by the grace of God, Sovereign Duke of Nassau, &c., have 
considered, that whereas we have from our domains founded a Catholic Bishopric 
and Chapter for our duchy, further revenues are required for the expenses of 
the general administration of the Catholic Church in our duchy, and that certain 
parishes are either not bound or are unable to raise the same ; and also that 
there are frequently extraordinary exigences for the general Catholic worship, 
and especially for the bishopric newly instituted by us, for the supply of which 
especial revenues are not yet assigned and ascertained. 

Several years ago we took into our mature consideration the way in which 
these exigences might be supplied, and consulted thereupon the higher and 
highest spiritual authorities of our duchy, and we are therefore now enabled to 
point out particularly the proper funds and sources of revenue through which 
these wants of the Catholic Church may be supplied ; for as the ecclesiastical 
necessities ot the Evangelical Church, to which the majority of the inhabitants 
of our duchy belong, are not according to the Constitution of our duchy and 
the usage hitherto observed, supplied from the general produce of the taxes of 
the country, this produce cannot be claimed as available for the especial wants 
of the Catholic Church. 

We therefore will and ordain as follows : 

Formation of a Central Catholic Church Fund. 

1. A central Catholic Church fund shall be instituted. We appoint for 
the revenue of the same 

1. That portion of the Schonborn foundation remaining on this side after 
the division with the Crown of Prussia. 

2. The legacy of voh Beck. 

3. The remainder of the claim on the so-called Cauber Catholic Collection 
Fund, under the obligation of satisfying any payments due from the same, in so 
far as a liquidation has not arisen from the division of the fund. 

4. The supplementary fund of the lower county, reserving the fulfilment 
of the obligations due upon the same. 

30 NASSAU, &c. 

5. The capitular treasure of all the local deaneries of the duchy. 

6. The estates of those chapels and simple benefices, the continuance of 
which may be admitted as unnecessary. 

7. The income of any suppressed vicarages or chaplaincies, so far as it is 
not required for the better endowment of the vicarages to which the parishioners 
of the former are aggregated. 

8. The incomes of vicarages exceeding 1800 florins, the determined maxi 
mum of the regular stipend of a vicar, which are to be drawn according to rule 
in cases of vacancy. 

9. The intermediate revenues of all spiritual benefices from the month of 
decease until a new appointment be made, remaining after paying for the 
administration of the same during the interval. 

10. A yearly addition from the income of all spiritual benefices which shall 
hereafter be conferred, or of those already conferred, at the appointment to 
which a future payment for the constitution of the Central Church Fund was 
expressly reserved, to the amount of 1 per cent, on revenues of benefices 
under 1000 florins, and of 1^ per cent, on those of 10CO florins and upwards, to 
be taken on the whole inventoried income. On the other hand, all those pay 
ments under the denomination of commendam and investiture money, Cathe- 
draticumMarisboi nicum, subsidium charitativum, jucundus introitus, and tristis 
exitus. are wholly abolished. 

1 1 . Under a similar abolition of the Nummus quinquagesimus, of the Ferdo, 
and the Marca Domini, the following; allowances shall be made to the central 
Catholic church fund, out of the property left by the incumbent of a benefice : 

a. Of the first class, from - - 500fl. to 750fl. - 25fl. 

1. Of the second class, from - 750fl. to lOOOfl. - 50fl. 

c. Of the the third class, from -lOOOfl. to 1200fl. - 75fl. 

d. Of the fourth class, from - 1200fl. to 1500fl. - 12()fl. 

e. Of the fifth class, from - - ISOOfl. and upwards - 200fl. 

Unless the deceased shall have bequeathed a larger amount to the same ; in 
which case this allowance shall not be made. 

12. The repayment of sums received out of the said Central Church Fund by 
those who may retire from the service of the church in the country. 

13. The amount arising from any line paid by a clergyman as penalty for 
an ecclesiastical offence. 

14. The amount of any donations, legacies, or establishments for this fund, 
if approved by us. 

15. Profit arising from the publication of catechisms, hymn-books, &c. 

16. In case the requirements of the Fund be not covered by these sources 
of income, a portion of the yearly surplus of the local church fund, to be 
determined according to circumstances, shall be paid into the Central Church 


17. We reserve to ourselves, in the case of any deficit occurring, to concede 
still further revenues to the said Fund from sources applicable thereto, or to 
sanction the payment of an additional sum from all the Catholic parishes to 
cover the same. 

Objects of the Central Catholic Church Fund. 

2. In conformity with the objects of the Central Catholic Church Fund, 
as stated above generally, which is everywhere intended wholly and solely to 
furnish supplementary aid to the necessities of the Catholic Church in our duchy, 
the income of the same shall be applied 

1. To -the institution of new vicarages and chaplaincies, where they appear 
to be required. 

2. To the augmentation of ill-endowed vicarages. 

3. To the increase of stipend of deserving clergymen, whose promotion to 
a more profitable position is not convenient. 

4. To the improvement of chaplaincies insufficiently endowed, in the cases 
where the parishes want such an increase from default of means within 

NASSAU, &c. 31 

5. To the support of talented, diligent, and well-conducted Catholic youths 
who dedicate themselves to Catholic theology, for the defraying of the cost of 
their studies. 

6. To the maintenance of superannuated clergy whose income is insufficient 
to provide an assistant. 

7. To aid poor parishes in any other ecclesiastical necessary purposes for 
which they have no means themselves. 

8. For any other general ecclesiastical requirements arising which are 
necessary, or which may be thought useful, and for which there are no especial 
funds provided. 

Administration of the Central Fund. 

3. Our Government is Director of the Central Catholic Church Fund, 
under the joint superintendence and co-operation of the episcopal authorities, as 
the higher administration directs all public funds and corporate revenues, and 
will institute a regular account of its yearly wants and revenues, as the latter 
does with other corporations. For this purpose a particular account shall be 
made out, and after a preliminary examination by the episcopal authorities, 
shall be certified and settled by our Chamber of Accounts which has the control 
of the preservation, correct application, and computation of all corporate estates, 
and shall then be made public by printing and distribution to all the clergy. 

Our Government is charged with the execution of this edict, and the same 
shall be made public by insertion in the printed official paper. 

Dated at Biebrich, October 9, 1827. 



Inclosure 7 in No. 2. 
Edict of August 20, 1831. 

ODie SSetleifntttoj bet 2>or^iu]c bet 2fvmcnanftaltcn imb cffentltdjen Sttfhntgen an ben 
fot$0!tf$en Gcntralfttd;cnfonb ktreffcnb.) 

Seine ^etgoglt^e 5}urd;faud>t flatten aiif ben 5tntrag 5od)ftit)ret Sanbe&JRegietunfl 
iinb narf) (Stnfu$t bc Gbict3 oora 8. Qfyrtl 1818, . 19 in fine wib be (S btctg com 
9. ctobct 1827 ju Ixfd)u cfkn cjcntr/t, bat) bie an bcv juctfi angcfut)vten Stelle bent 
ebangcltfdjcn Gcnttalf tnf)enfonb mitcl)mcn SSotjugc bev 2lvmcnanfialten uub Ujfentltc^en 
(Sttftungen, ganj tit bcv namltcfeen 2ht auc^ bent burd; bay julefet gcnauntc 6bict neu 
(jctnlbcten fa*1jolif<$en 6cnh aIftri|enfDnb jiiftef^cn follcn. 

3nt ^avna4a^tung fanuntHi^cv ^Be^btbcn ictvb btcfe fytevburdj ^uv offentltc^en 
Jlenntnti? gcOva^t. 

SGBtcSbaben, ben 20. 3tiuntft 1831. 

eg taat^Sffitnijlmitm. 

vdt. !> o n $ i- c it f d; e n. 


(Upon the concession of the advantages of charitable institutions and public 

establishment to the Central Catholic Church Fund.) 

His Serene Highness, upon the proposition of the Government, and 
in view of the Edict of 8th April, 1818, 19 at the end, and of the Edict of 
the 9th October, 1827, has resolved that the advantages of charitable insti 
tutions and public establishments conceded to the Central Evangelical Church 
Fund in the first-mentioned edict, shall be allowed precisely in the same manner 
to the Central Catholic Church Fund formed by the last-named edict. 

The same is hereby made known for the guidance of all the authorities. 
Wiesbaden, August 20, 1831. 

Ducal State s Ministry : 

32 NASSAU, &c. 

Inclosure 8 in No. 2. 
Edict of October 9, 1827. 

(25ie lanbeSfyerrltdjc Seftattgung bev ^afrftltdjen Sullen tout 16. 2luguft 1821 nnb 11. 
2fyri[ 1827 fiber tie SBtttomg ber oberrfyctmf4>cn Jtirdicn^rc^inj frctrcffcnb.) 

iHnv 3i} i 1 f) c I in, son otte naben foiwevanct -fter^g ju 9laffau ic. K. 

Ija&ni bte pafcfHtcljc 3?uffc flow 16. 2luguft 1821, irclck un i ben Shorten : 
" Provida solersque" unb btcjcmge uont 11. -2fyrtl btefcS 3a^rc6, ttelcfcc wit ben 
SBortcn: " Ad dominici gregis custodiam " Bcgtnnt, tnfoiuctt folcftc bte iMlbung bet 
.Cbcrvi)ctmfdKn .uirc^eiUn oinn^ bte SBegrenjunfl, 2tu8flattiing unb Stnrtc^tung bcr baju 
flc^bru]cu fimf ^tstfjumcr wit i()vcu SomcaVntcin, foiinc bic ^cfc^ung ber cr^ifd;i!)f(id)cn 
nnb In fc&bffiijtcn StiiMc itnb bev Scmfttftifckn $l. ratenbcn juw cgenftanb f>a6cn, 
angcnonnncu uub biefen Bullen Unfeve lanbeS^mli^e @cnef)mignug ertfietit, cf)ne ta 
jcbod) auS bcnfcIOcn auf trgcitb cine 2Bctfe ctira abgclcttet ober fcegnmbct wcrben fnnn, 
ir>a Unfern ^oficttsrec^tcn fct^abcn cbcv iljncn (5 tntvag tlnm fiinntc, cber ben cfc^cn 
unb SSevovbmmgen UnfercS $etjOflt^ume8, ben cr$lnfct)i:>fi(td)en unb bifdjofttckn Oiccf;tcn 
obcr ben Stecftten bcr eS5angcIif4 % eii (Sonfcffton unb Jttrcfyc entgegen ware, 
egcbcn <Bielmd), ben 9. Cctotcr 1827. 

(L.S.) Stl^clw. 

vdt. grci()etr son SKarfdjall. 


(Upon the ratification by Government of the Papal Bulls of 16th August, 
1821, and llth April, 1827, relative to the formation of the Ecclesiastical 
province of the Upper Rhine.) 

WE, William, by the grace of God, Sovereign Duke of Nassau, &c., &c., 
have received the Papal Ball of the 16th August, 1821, beginning with the words 
" Provida solersque," and that of the llth April of the present year, beginning 
" Ad Dominici gvegis custodiam," and have granted our sovereign approval to 
the same, so far as they have for their objects the formation of the ecclesiastical 
province of the Upper Rhino, and the demarcation, endowment, and organiza 
tion of the five bishoprics and chapters, and to the filling up of the archbishops 
and bishops sees and cathedral prebends, but nevertheless with the proviso that 
nothing shall be in any way inferred or grounded thereupon which might infringe 
upon or prejudice our sovereign rights, or which might be opposed to the laws 
and ordinances of our duchy, or the archiepiscopal or episcopal rights, or the 
rights of the Evangelical confession and church. 

Dated Bicbrich, October 9, 1827. 



Inclosure 9 in No. 2. 
Papal Bull of August 16, 1821. 

Pius Episcopus, servus servorum Dei. Ad perpetuam rei Mernoriam. 

PROVIDA, solersque Romanorum Pontificum sollicitudo in iis com- 
ponendis ct ordinandis, quae ad aptiorem dominici gregis custodiam, ac 
procurationem ex ipsa etiam temporum, ac locorum natura inagis expe- 
dire dignoscantur, eos adigit ad novas Episcopales sedes quandoque 
constituendas, et quandoque illarum aliquas transferendas, ut domino 
messis benedicente, aptiora exinde in fidelis populi spirituale bonum prae- 
sidia queant comparari. Statim ac itaque reddita fuit Germaniae tran- 
quillitas, nos ad componendas res Ecclestasticas, in praeterita temporum 
calamitate perturbatas, continue direximus curas Nostras, iisque in 
Bavariae Regno quatuor ab hinc annis opportune ordinatis, Nostras 

NASSAU, &c. 33 

pariter sollicitudines absque mora convertimus ad illos omnes orthodoxae 
fidei cultores, qui actu subsunt dominationi Serenissimorum Principum, 
statuumque Germaniae, nempe Regis Wiirtembergiae, Magni Ducis 
Badensis. Electoris Hassiae, Magni Ducis Hassiae, Ducis Nassoviae, 
Liberae Civitatis Francofurtensis, Magni Ducis Megalopolitani, Ducum 
Saxoniae, Ducis Oldenburgensis, Principis Waldeccensis, ac Liberarum 
Civitatum Hanseaticarum, Lubecensis, et Bremensis, qui sese paratos 
ostenrlendo ad omnem operam dandam pro Episcopatuum ab Apostolica 
Sede vcl erigendorum vcl instaurandorum convenient! dotatione, Legates 
communi nomine Romam, hujus rei causa, miserunt. 

Ast cum res omnes Ecclesiasticae, de quibus actum fuit, conciliari 
minime potuerint, spe tamen non decidentes fore et pro eorundem Prin- 
cipum, ac statuum sapientia valeant illae in posterum componi ; ne 
interea Christi fideles in dictis regionibus commorantes, quos in maxima 
spiritualis regiminis necessitate agnoscimus constitutos, diutius propriis 
destituantur pastoribus, ad nonnullarum, in praecipuis ipsorum Principum 
et statuum civitatibus, ac territoriis sedium erectionem, ac dioecesium 
circumscriptionem procedendum esse decrevimus, ut celerrime Ecclesiis 
illis de suis Episcopis providere valeamus : reservata Nobis cura, 
Catholicos aliorum Principum subditos iis Dioecesibus, quas commo- 
diores judicabimus, in posterum adjungendi. 

Audito igitur consilio nonnullorum venerabilium Fratrum nostrorum 
Sanctae Romanae Ecclesiae Cardinalium, ex certa scientia. ac matura 
deliberatione nostris deque Apostolicae potestatis plenitudine suppri- 
mimus, annullamus et extinguimus titulum, denominationem, naturam, 
et essentiam totumque praesentem statum vacantium tarn Episcopalis 
Ecclesiae Constant iensis, quani praepositurae vere nullius sancti Viti 
Elvacensis, una cum suis capitulis, ad effectum libere procedendi ad infra 
dicendas novas Ecclesiarum erectiones, ac Dioecesium circumscriptiones, 
atque ulterius immutamus statum praesentem Episcopalium Ecclesiarum 
Moguntinae ac Fuldensis, ita ut ilia a quocumque Metropolitico jure 
Arcliiepiscopi Mechliniensis omnino subtracta, et non amplius disposition! 
nostrarum literarum Apostolicarum incipientium, " Qui Christi Domini," 
datarum tertio kalendas Decembris anni millesimi octingentesimi primi 
subjecta remaneat; atque ista a regular! statu per alias Apostolicas 
Literas fel. mem. Benedict! decimi quart! Praedecessoris Nostri, quarum 
initium in Apostolicae constituto, ad statum saecularem translata in- 
telligatur, ac scientia, deliberatione et potestate similibus ad omnipotentis 
Dei gloriam, orthodoxae fidei exaltationem, et Catholicae Religionis 
incrementum Friburgum Brisgoviae civitatem principem, studiorum 
Academia, aliisque fundationibus insignem, atque a novem mille et 
amplius civibus inhabitatam in civitatem Archiepiscopaletn, ac celeberri- 
mum templum sub titulo assumtionis Beatae Mariae Virginia in Ecclesiam 
Archiepiscopalem et parochialem ; pariterque Rottenburgum ad Nicarum, 
olim caput Ducatus Hohenbergensis in medio Regrii Wiirtembergiae, in 
quo tribunal provinciae existit, quodque incolae quinque mille quingenti 
inhabitant, in civitatem Episcopalem, in eaque peramplum templum sub 
invocatione Sancti Martini Episcopi et Confessoris in Ecclesiam Episco 
palem ; nee non Limburgum ad Lahnam, fertili solo, in medio Ducatus 
Nassovici siturn,et bismilleseptingentos continens habitatores in civitatem 
similiter Episcopalem et in ilia existens templum sub invocatione Sancti 
Georgii in ecclesiam item episcopalem cum omnibus juribus, jurisdictioni- 
bus, praeeminentiis, honoribus, et privilegiis Archiepiscopali et Episco- 
palibus respective sedibus legitime competentibus perpetuo erigimus, 
et constituimus. 

Antedictae vero metropolitanae Ecclesiae Friburgensi praefatas 
quatuor Episcopales Ecclesias Moguntinam, Fuldensem, Rottenburgensem, 
ac Limburgensem Suffraganeas assignamus. 

Porro quodlibet capitulum tarn metropolitanae Friburgensis, quam 
cathedralium Ecclesiarum Moguntinae, ac Rottenburgensis ex unica 
decanatus dignitate, et sex canonicatibus; Fuldense vero ex dignitate 
decanatus et quatuor canonicatibus; ac Limburgense ex decanatus 
dignitate, ac quinque canonicatibus respective constabunt; ac insuper ad 
Ministrorum numerum aliquantulum augendum, sex in Friburgensi ac 


34 NASSAU, &c. 

Rottenburgensi, quatuor in Moguntina et Fuldensi, acoluoin Limburgensi 
res[)ective Ecclesiis praebendae seu vicariae pro totidem praebendatis seu 
vicariis erunt constabiliendae. 

Unicuique autem ex memoratis capitulis, et pro chori servitio, pro 
distributionum et aliorum quorumlibet emolumentorum divisione, pro 
oneruin supportatione, pro rerum ac jurium tarn spiritualium quam 
temporalium prospero, felicique regimineacdirectionequaecumque statula, 
capitula et deereta, licita tamen et honesta et cauonicis regulis minime 
adversantia, sub respectivi pro tempore existentis antistitis praesidentia, 
inspectione et adprobatione condere atque edere, nee non gratiis insignibus 
ac privileges, quibus alia cathedral ium Ecclesiarum in illis partibns 
capitula legitime fruuntur ct gaudent, frui et gaudere libere ac licite 
possint et valeant, licentiam et I acultatem concedimus ac impertimur. 

Cailibet praefato antistiti supradictarum Ecclesiarum expresse 
injungimus, ut, servatis servandis, deputet ex canonicis unum, qui inuniis 
Poeniientiarii stabiliter exerceat, ac alterum, a quo sacra scriptura statis 
diebus populo exponatur, vel si minus commode canonici ad haec munera 
deputari possint curabunt Episcopi, ut muneribus hujusmodi ab aliis 
idoneis preshyteris satish at, utque media ad congruatn laborum mercedem. 
presbyteris ipsis comparandam, opportune conquirantur. 

Cumque ad praescriptum sacri Coneiliv Tridentini pro cleri educa- 
tione, ac institutione seminarium puerorum ecclesiasticum ab Episcopo 
libere regendum et administrandum existere debeat in singulis ex prae- 
dictis tarn Archiepiscopali quam Episeopalibus Ecclesiis, ubi is alum- 
norum alatur numerus, quern respective Dioecesis necessitas et utilitas 
postulat; cumque in quatuor ex illis jam adesse sciamus, in reliqua 
Ecclesia, quam primum poterit, congrue erigendum mandamus. 

Volentes nunc ad quinque supradictarum Dioecesium circumscrip- 
tionem procedere, ut, distinctis singularurn finibus, nulla quaestio inter 
respectivos Episcopos circa Ecclesiasticae jurisdictions exercitium exsur- 
gere possit, praevia dismembratione inf ra nominandorum locorum a 
Dioecesibus et Ecclesiis, a quibus actu dependent, <le simili Apostolicae 
potestatis plenitudine sequentia decernimus, praescribimuset constituimus. 

Metropolitana Eriburgensis Ecclesia pro Dioecesano suo territorio 
habebit cunctam ditionem Magni Ducatus Baclcnsis, nemue paraecias intra 
limites hujusce Ducatus positas, quae partim ad Constantiensem, partim 
etiam ad Argentinensem, Spirensem, Wormaticnsem, Herbipolensem, 
Basiliensem ac Ratisbonensem Diocceses vel pertinent, vel jam pertinebant; 
alias quatuordecim paraecias cum sua filiali positas in Principatu Hohen- 
zollern Hechingen ad praefatam Dioecesim Constantiensem pertinentes, 
nee non viginti quatuor paraecias in Principatu Hohenzollern Sigmaringen 
existentes eidem Constantiensi Dioecesi spectantes. atque insuper octo- 
decini paraecias decanatus Vohringen, ac paraecias septemdecim decanatus 
Haigerloch in dicto sitas Principatu, et ad pracdictam Dioecesim 

Episcopalis Ecclesia Moguntina pro suo territorio Dioecesano habebit 
universam ditionem Magni Ducatus Hassiaci, iH inpe paraecias omnes 
Dioecesi Moguntinae reliquas post separationem locorum sub ditione 
Bavarica existentium, aliaque loca et paraecias ex Ratisbonensi, ac 
Wormatiensi Dioecesibus, nee non unicam |>araeciam loci Herbstein ex 
Dioecesi Euldensi ad Magnum Ducatum praedictum in temporalibus 
pertinentes, ac denique paraecias in locis Darmstadt, Giessa et Offenbach 
ejusdem Magni Ducatus Hassiaci, ita ta.ncn, ut n primo futuro Kpiscopo 
in locis, quae maxima in parte ab acatholicis inliabitantur, novae paro- 
chiales Ecclcsiae pro catholicis fundeiitur, si ipsi in magno sint numero, si 
vero in exiguo paraeciis catholicis vicinioribus adscribaiHur. 

Ecclesia kpiscopalis Fuldensis pro Dioecesano suo territorio hahebit 
totum Electoratum Hassiae, videlicet quadraginta paraecias actu in ipsa 
Dioecesi comprehcnsas, paraecias viginti ex antiqua Metropolitana 
Dioecesi olim Moguntina, postea Ratisbonensi, atque unam in loco Yolk- 
marsen ex Dioecesi Paderhornensi, demplis illis paiacciarum fractionibus, 
quae in Bavarico Regno existentes pvoximioribus aliis j-aracciis Dioe 
cesium Regni Bavai iae ant jam applicatae fucrunt, ant brevi ex Apostolica 
delcgatione applicabuntur. Paraeciarum autem exte-arum Iractiones in 

NASSAU, &c. 35 

ditione Hassiaca existentes, proximiori alien! Dioecesis Fuldensis paraeciae 
vel paraeciis erunt applicandae. Eidem interea Fuldensi Dioecesi unitas 
relinquimus no vein paiaecias in Magno Ducatu Saxonico Yimariensi sitas, 
<le quibus aliter, si opus fucrit, clisponendi Nobis et Romanis Pontificibus 
successoribus nostris facultatem libere reservamus. 

Rottenburgensis Kpiscopalis Ecclesia pro suo tcrritorio Dioccesano 
habebit integrum Regnum Wiirtembergense cum paraeciis omnibus, quae 
jam ob anno millesimo octingcntcsimo decimo sexto ab Augustana, 
Spirensi, Wormatiensi et Hcrbipolensi Dioecesibns fuerunt scparatae, nee 
non paraeciis ad suppressam Praeposituram Sancti Viti Elvaccnsis nullius 
Dioecesis antea pertinentibus. 

Episcopalis demum Ecclesia Limburgensis pro Dioecesano suo 
territorio habebit tot urn Ducatum Nassovicum, in quo comprchenduntur 
quinquaginta octo paraeciae ad antiquam Ratisbonensem, et paraeciae 
quinquaginta duo ad antiquam Trevirensem olim Dioeceses Metropolitanas 
special) tes, nee non viginti quatuor paraeciae in Provincia Dillenburg et 
Weilburg existentes, ac insuper territorium liberae Civitatis Franco- 
furtensis, in quo cum tribus iilialibus unica existit parochialis Ecclesia 
sub invocatione Sancti Bartholomaei Apostoli, ad quam catholic! omnes 
dictae civitatis ac territorii pertinent, quaeque a supradicta Ratisbonensi 
Dioecesi pendebat. 

Supradictas idcirco civitates et Ecclesias in Archiepiscopalem et 
Episcopales erectas cum praedictis locis et paraeciis quinque supra- 
numeratis Ecclesiis pro respective) Dioecesano territorio attributis Hlorurn 
incolas utriusqiie sexus tain clericos quam laieos pro clero et populo 
perpetuo assignamus, et cujuslibet antistitis jurisdiction! spiritual! 
omnimodo subjicimus, ita ut a personis juxta canonicas sanctiones cl ignis 
et idoneis ad easdem Archicpiscopaiem et Episcopales Ecclesias regendas 
tarn pro hac prima vice, quam futuris temporibus Apostolica auctorivate, 
praevio Inquisitionis proeessu a Romano Pontifice ad formam instruc- 
tionis piae memoriae Urbani Papae Octavi praedecessoris nostri jussu 
editae in singulis casibus committendo, prasficiendis liceat, quemadmodum 
nos praecipimus et mandamus, per se ipsos, vel per alios eorum nomine, 
postquam tamen praesentes Literae debite atque integre fuerint executae, 
et Praesules ipsi Apostolicae provisionis Literas consecuti fuerint, veram, 
realem, et corporalem |)ossessionem rcgiminis, administrationis, et 
omnimodi juris Dioecesani in praedictis Ecclesiis, civitatibus ac Dioe 
cesi bus et bonis aliisque redilibus pro dotatione assignatis, vel assignandis 
libere apprehenclere, apprehensamque perpetuo retinere. 

Decernimus interea, ut omnia et singula loca supramemorata ab 
iisdem sive vicariis, sive administratoribus legitime deputatis temporarie 
pergant gubernari, quibus actu subduntur. 

Ut autem omnia et singuia superius a nobis disposita celerem 
felicemque sortiantur effect urn. venerabili Fratri Joanni Baptistae de 
Keller, Episcopo Evariensi, quern nominamus, eligimus, ac depulamus 
praesentium Literarum nostrarum Exequutorum committimus et man 
damus, ut ad supradictarum Eccksiarum capitulorum et seminariorum 
in bonis fundisque stabilibus, aliisque reditibus cum jure hypothecae 
specialis, et in fundcs postmodum ac l>ona stabilia convertendis, ab iis in 
proprietate possidendis etadministrandis respectivam dotationem procedat, 
rnodo et forma, quibus a Serenissimis Principibus, quorum sub dilione 
singulae Dioeceses sunt positae, oblata et expressa fuerunt per infra 
memoranda Instrumenta legitima forma exarata et ad nos transmissa, 
quae servantur in actis hujus Congregationis rebus Consistorialibus 
prnepositae; et quorum authentica exempla a praedieto Exequutore 
singulis Ecclesiis tradentur in eorum respective Archivis asservanda ; 
videlicet, Archiepiscopali Ecelesiae Friburgensi in Brisgovia assignabit 
Dominatum Lincensem, vulgo Linz, aliosque reditus, quae hona reditusque 
in totum septuaginta quinque millium tercentum sexaginta quatuor 
florenorum Rhenensium annuam sum mam producunt, prout clare ac 
distincte describitur in instrumento ev special! mandate Magni Due is 
Badensis die vigesima tertia Decembris, anni millesimi octingentesimi 
vigesimi confecto. Fundos vero dictus Joannes Baptista Episcopus ita 
distribuet, ut ex iis ohveniant quotannis Archiapiscopali mensae floreni 

F 2 

36 NASSAU, &c. 

tredecim mille quatuor centum, quibus addendo eas praestationes infra 
enarrandas, a tribus cathedralibus Ecclesiis annuatim persolvendas 
ejusdem Friburgensis mensae Archiepiscopalis annul reditus erunt 
florenorura quartuordecim millium septingentorum et decem. Decano 
capituli floreni quatuor mille ; primo ex canonicis floreni bismille ter- 
centum ; cuilibet ex aliis quinque canonicis floreni mille octingenti; 
unicuique demuin ex sex praebendatis floreni nongenti ; seminario insuper 
dioecesano floreni viginti quinque mille; fabricae cathedralis Ecclesiae 
floreni quinque mille ducenti sexaginta quatuor; cancellariae Archiepisco- 
pali floreni termille ; domibus denique ecclesiasticorum emeritorum et 
demeritorum, vel jam existentibus, vel ab Ordinario, cujus jurisdiction! 
subdentur erigendis, floreni octomille. Praeterea pro Archiepiscopi 
habitatione assignabit palatium in civitate Friburgensi, foro Ecclesiae 
metropolitanae adjacens, antea statibus Provincialibus Brisgoviae desti- 
natum cum suis adnexis pertinentiis, atque horto ante portam civitatis, 
et pro habitatione tarn decani quam sex canonicorum, et sex praeben- 
datorum alias domos in praedicto instrumento descriptas. 

Episcopal! Ecclesiae Moguntinae, firmis reditibus et proventibus, qui 
bus actu gaudet, annuam tribuet summam viginti mille florenorum Rhe 
nensium percipiendam ex proventibus ac reditibus Praefecturae Mogun 
tinae ad exigenda vectigalia reditusque dominicos constitutae, solvendam 
quotannis praedictae Ecclesiae ea lege, ut memorata summa gaudeat jure 
hypothecae in bonis, fundis et reditibus dominicis ejusdem Praefecturae 
Moguntinae, utque hujusmodi dispositio firma, stabilis, et inconcussa 
maneat, donee ipsi Episcopali Ecclesiae Moguntinae praedia, et fundi, 
quorum fructus viginti millium florenorum summam annuatim producant. 
pleno jure ab ea possidenda assignentur, prout expresse cavetur in instru 
mento ex speciali mandate Magni Ducis Hassiae, et ad Rhenum die vige- 
sima sexta Augusti, anni millesimi octingentesimi vigesimi exarato. Hac 
autem summa viginti millium florenorum annuorum adjuncta reditibus, 
qui dotem modo extantem Moguntiae Ecclesiae constituunt, tamquam 
supplernentum dotationis, tota quantitas redituum, quae inde exurget, ita 
a praefato Exequutore distribuenda erit, ut Episcopo florenorum octo mil 
lium, Vicario ejus General! florenorum bismille quingentorum, cuilibet ex 
sex canonicis florenorum mille octingentorum, primo vero ex quatuor prae 
bendatis nongentorum fiorenorum, et cuilibet ex aliis tribus octingentorum 
florenorum annuos reditus liberos praebeant. Haec tamen dispositio 
quoad decanum, canonicos et praebendatos suum non sortietur effectum, 
nisi cum Moguntinae cathedralis Ecclesiae canonicorum numerus ad sena- 
rium fuerit redactus, in quern finem decernimus, ut quatuor ex decem illius 
capituli actualibus praebendis primo quomodocumque vacaturae, aliis non 
conferantur, ad hoc ut idem capitulum ex decano, et sex canonicis in 
postern m constet. Tnterea tamen decem viventes canonic! eosdem annuos 
reditus percipient, quos ante avulsam ac Spirensi Ecclesiae attributam 
portionem antiquae Moguntinae Dioecesis percipiebant, quique post novam 
circumscription em Dioeeesium, territorii olim Galliarum per alias nostras 
Literas sub plumbo datas tertio kalendas Decembris anni millesimi octin 
gentesimi primi statutam illis attributi fuerunt. Quoad praebendatos 
autem in Moguntina Ecclesia cathedral! actu non existentes, quoniam 
eorum vice funguntur presbyter! habentcs reditus partim praebendae ex 
officio fabricae minutae praesentiarum nomine nuncupatae partim pen- 
sionum, quae a Gubernio solvuntur in praesers, hinc hujusmodi presbyter! 
idem servitium cum dictis reditibus cathedral! Ecclesiae praestare pergent, 
donee iis decedentibus quatuor supra memoratae praebendae, ex nunc pro 
tune erigendae, constitui possint cum supra enuntiata dotatione annuorum 
florenorum nongentorum pro primo, et florenorum octingentorum pro 
quolibet ex aliis tribus praebendatis. Pro Episcopi autem habitatione 
domus ilia cum adjacente horto inserviet, qua hucusque gavisus fuit, idem- 
que peragendum erit tarn pro praesentibus, quam pro futuris canonicis, 
pro quorum habitatione jam assignatae reperiuntur decem domus, quarum 
quatuor hortos etiam habent adjacentes, ad fabricam cathedralis Ecclesiae 
manutenendam, et ad sustinendos sumptus ad divinum cultum necessarios 
conservabuntur fundi, praedia, aliique reditus a praedicta Ecclesia ab 
antique possi j ssa, quae ad annuam termille tercentorum triginta quinque 

NASSAU, &c. 37 

florenorum summam pertingunt. Idem disponimus circa seminarium 
dioecesanum, quod, praevia suppressione coenobii olim a religiosis viris 
Ordinis fratrum eremitarum Sancti Augustini inhabitati, in ipso coenobio 
cum adnexis Ecclesia atque horto stabiliter erigendum constituimus, ipsi- 
que assignandos decernimus annuos reditus partim ex antiquis ejus fundis, 
anno millesimo octingentesimo sexto restitutis, partim ex poster tori bus 
donationibus et legatis provenientes, ac fermillium septingentorum flore 
norum summam constituentes, firma etiam recentissimaet uberrima dona- 
tione ipsius favore facta, nee non aliis in posterum forsan faciendis, 
quarum reditus eidem seminario perpetuo erunt addicendi. Idem demum 
disponimus de domo emeritorum Pfaffenschwabenhemii existente, ac des- 
tinata fovendis et sustentandis clericis aut senio fessis aut morbo fractis, 
quam praevia suppressione coenobii olim a canonicis regularibus Ordinis 
Sancti Augtistini inhabitati, in hujusce coenobii fabricaconstitui mandamus, 
et cujus dotatio annuam profert summam florenorum mille octingentorum 
viginti duorum, ultra ea quae subsidii charitativi nomine veniunt collecta 
in parte antiquae Dioecesis Moguntinae, postea Ratisbonensis, quaeque 
solvi hucusque solita, non exigua capient incrertenta. 

Fuldensis Ecclesia Episcopalis habebit agros, prata, et silvas, aliosque 
reditus annuam summam florenorum Rhenensium viginti sex millium ter- 
centum et septuaginta constituentes, prout latius describitur in instru- 
mento ab antedicto Electore Hassiae sub die quarta decima Martii anni 
millesimi octingentesimi vigesimi primi confecto. Hanc autem dotationem 
praefatus Exequutor ita distribuet, ut Episcopo sex mille floreni, decano 
capituli bismille sexcenti floreni, unicuique ex quatuor canonicis mille 
octingenti floreni, cuilibet ex quatuor praebendatis octingenti floreni 
annuatim obveniant, fabricae cathedralis Ecclesiae duo florenorum millia, 
seminario dioecesano septem millia florenorum, et Archiepiscopo Fribur- 
gensi, tamquam Metropolitano, centum septuaginta floreni annuatim per- 
solvantur. Insuper pro habitatione Episcopi, proque curia Episcopali, 
statuimus domum cathedrali Ecclesiae proximam ad Montem Sancti 
Michaelis cum duobus adjacentibus hortis et pertinentiis suis, pro habita 
tione decani, quatuor canon icorum, et quatuor praebendatorum alias domus 
in memorato instrumento descriptas, ac denique pro seminario aedificium 
proximum cathedrali Ecclesiae, jam ad hunc usum destinatum, cum horto 

Rottenburgensis Ecclesia Episcopalis gaudebit reditibus singulatim 
descriptis in instrumento ex speciali mandate antedicti Regis Wurtem- 
bergensis die decima Novembris anni millesimi octingentesimi vigesimi 
confecto, qui quidem ita a praedicto Exequutore dividend! erunt, ut epis- 
copali mensae decem mille floreni. decano ^apituli bismille quatuor centum 
floreni, unicuique e sex canonicis floreni mille octingenti, primo e sex 
praebendatis floreni nongenti, cuilibet ex aliis quinque praebendatis floreni 
octingenti, fabric; e cathedralis Ecclesiae et manutentioni aliorum aedifi- 
ciorum floreni mille quatuor centum, seminario dioecesano floreni octomille 
nonaginta duo, cancellariae Episcopali floreni sex mille nongenti et sex- 
decim, cathedrali Ecclesiae pro divini cultus expensis floreni bis mille 
centum et quinquaginta, pro aedituo aliisque Ecclesiae inservientibus 
floreni octingenti, et Archiepiscopo Friburgensi, tanquam Metropolitano, 
octingenti sexaginta quatuor floreni annuatim obveniant. Quod si decanus 
ad munus etiam Vicarii Generalis ab Episcopo eligatur, alii floreni mille 
et centum ipsi erunt persolvendi, si vero simplex canonicus capitularis ad 
praedictum Vicarii Generalis munus ab Episcopo designabitur, eidem 
florenorum mille septingentorum augmentum attribuetur. Praeterea pro 
habitatione Episcopi, proque curia Episcopali, domum in civitate Rotten- 
burgi versus vallem Nicari sitam, Praefecturae Regiae antea destinatam, 
cum adjaeente horto, ac pertinentiis suis; pro habitatione decani capituli, 
sex canonicorum, et sex praebendatorum alias domos in praedicto instru 
mento pariter descriptas, nee non pro seminario Episcopali praevia sup 
pressione conventus olim inhabitati a Fratribus Ordinis Beatae Mariae 
Virginia de Monte Carmelo, domum ipsius quondam coenobii ad Nicarum 
sitam in seminarii clericorum usum respective addici mandamus. 

Episcopalis Ecclesia Limburgensis gaudebit bonis, fundis, censibus, 
decimLi, aliisque reditibus annuam summam constituentibus viginti unius 

38 . NASSAU, &c. 

mill mm sexcentum sex florenorum, prout apparet ex instrumento de 
special! mandato Duels Nassoviae die tertia Januarii currentis, anni 
millesimi octingentesimi vigesimi primi confecto, quos quidem reditus 
Excquutor praedictus ita distribuet. ut in singulos annos obvcuiant 
Episcopo floreni sex mille, decano capituli bismille quatuor centum floreni, 
primo tanonico, qui simul parochus Limburgensis erit, floreni mille 
octingenti, secundo canotiico floreni pariter mille octingenti, tertio eanonico, 
qui simul erit parochus Ecclesiae Dietkirchensis, floreni item mille octin 
genti, quarto canonico, qui simul parochus erit in Altavilla, floreni 
bismille tercentum, et quinto canonico simul parocho in Libera Civitate 
Francofurtensi ej usque territorio ea ipsa summa, quam uti parochus actu 
jam percipit, super dictarum retentione paraeciarum cum memoratis 
quatuor canonicis Apostolica delegata auctoritaie dispensando, cum hoc 
tamen quod curac animarum paraeciarum hujusmodi per idoneos vicarios 
ab Ordinario servatis servandis ad formam canonicarum sanctionum 
approbandos et instituendos opportune provideatur; primo sacellano, qui 
canonicum parochum Limburgensem in animarum cuta adjuvabit, floreni 
octingenti, secundo sacellano, cui missus in sacello ptochii Limburgensis 
satisfacerc incumbet, floreni octingenti ; Archicpiscopo Friburgcnsi, uti 
IVletropolitano, pro rata augment! ejus dotationis biscentum septuaginta 
floreni. Seminario intra Provinciam constituto, vel constituendo, pro 
clericorum Limburgensis Dioecesis educatione et instructione floreni mille 
quingenti, cancellariae denique Episcopali, ac pro caeteris sumptibus 
administrationis. tarn ecclesiasticae, quam bonorum, floreni bis mille cen 
tum triginta. Pro Rpiscopi practerea habitatione, praevia suppressione 
rnonasterii sen coenobii olim a Fratribus Ordinis Sancti Francisci inhabitati, 
partem ips um monasterii, quam hucusque ohtinuit praefectus ducalis cum 
finitimo horto muris septo, pro decano vero, quinque canonicis, et duobus 
sacellanis, alias domos in praedicto instrumento descriptas respective 
assignandas decernimus. 

Antedicto insuper Joanni Baptistae Episcopo injungimus, ut anima 
rum curae in metropolitana ct cathedralil)us Ecclesiis opportune consulat, 
statuatque a quibus presbyteris, praevio, ad normam canoni 
carum sanctionum a respective) Ordinario approbandis ac instituendis, et 
qua cum congrua dotationc in Kcclesiis ipsis debeat exerceri ; utque 
designet in quod Seminarium provinciae Ecclesiasticae Fi iburgensisclerici 
dioccesis Limburgensis recipi valcant, cum assignatione annua supradic- 
torum mille quingentum florenorum usque dum proprium Limburgense 
seminarium erigatur ; atque ut ulteribus summam detenninet a respectivis 
Principibus territorialibus subministrandarn, qua divini cultus impensis in 
suppressis tarn Episcopali Constantiensi, quam praepositurali Elvacensi 
Ecclesiis opportune, ac stabiliter provideatur, ac dcraum curet, quod 
suppressorum capitulorum actu existentibus canonicis annua praestatio 
ad eorum vitam integreac fideliter persolvatur. 

Ad consulendum praeterea respectivorum Dioecesanorum bono et 
commoditati praescribimus, et ovnnia et singula documenta respicientia 
paraecias et loca ab antiquis Dioecesibus dismembrata, novisque applicata, 
a veteribus cancellariis extrahantur, atque opportuna forma tradantur 
novis Archiepiscopali et Episcopalibus respective cancellariis, in quibus 
perpetuo erunt asservanda. 

Habita vero ratione rodituum supra memoratis Archiepiscopali et 
Episcopalibus Ecclesiis respective assignatorum in libris camerae apos- 
tolicae, prout sequitur ncmpe Ecclesiam FriburgLMisem in florenis sexcen 
tum sexaginta octo cum uno tertio, Ecclesiam Moguntinam in florenis 
tercentum quadraginta octo cum uno ssxto, Ecclesiam Fuldensem in 
florejiis tercentum triginta duol>us, Ecclesiam Rottenburgensem in florenis 
quatuor centum niHiaginta, et Ecciesiam Limburgensem in florenis 
tercentum triginta duobus, tax an mandamus. 

Atque ut cuncta a nobis, ut supra, dir.posita, rite ad exitum produ- 
cantur. supradicto Joanni Baptistae Episcopo ICvariensi harum litcrarum 
exequutori deputato omnes etsingulas ad hujusmodi effectum necessarias 
et oportunas concedimus facilitates, ut, praeviis respectivis dotationibus, 
per instrumenta in valida diversorum statuum forma exaranda ad uniuscu- 
jusque Ecclesiae cum suo capitulo sive erectionem, sive novam ordina- 

NASSAU, &c. 3<> 

tionem, ac respeetivi territorii Dioecesanl circumscriptionem prccedere, 
cunctaque alia ut supra ordinata peragere ac statucre, delegata sihi apos- 
tolica anetoritate, lihere ac licite possit et valeat ; atque ulterius ipsi 
Joanni Baptistae Episcopo facuitatem pariter trihuimus, ut ad plenam 
rerum omnium, in locis praesertim ab ejiib residcntia remotis, executionem, 
unam seu plures personam vel personas in dignitate ccclesiastica consti- 
tutam vel constitutes subdelegare, et tarn ipse Joannes Baptista, quam 
persona vel personae ab eo sic suhdeleganda vel suhdelegundae, super 
quacumque oppositione in actu executionis h ljusmodi quomodolibet 
forsan oritura, servatis tamen dejure servandis, etiam definitive et qua 
cumque appellatiune remota, pronunciare libere item ac licite possint et 
valeant, ac quilibet eorum respective possit et valeat. Eidem porro Joanni 
Baptistae Episcopo expresse injungimus et mandamus, ut exempla singu- 
lorum actorum tarn per se, quam per subdelegatos suos, in harum 
Literarum executionem conficiendorum intra quaclrimestre ab expleta 
ipsarum executione ad Apostolicam S?dem in authentica forma transmittat, 
in archivo praedictae Congregationis Consistorialis de more asservanda. 

Praesentes autem Literas et in eis contenta ac statuta quaecumque, 
etiam ex eo, quod quilibet in praemissis vel in eorum aliquo jus, aut 
interesse habentes, vel qnomodolibet etiam in futurum habere praeten- 
dentes, cujusvis status, ordinis, conditionis, et praeeminentiae, ac speciali 
quoque, specifica, expressa, et individua mentione digni sint, illis non con- 
senserint, seu quod aliqui ex ipsis ad praemissa rninime vocati, vel etiam 
non statis, aut nullimodo auditi fuerint, siveex alia qualibet juridica, privi- 
legiata, ac privilegiatissima causa, colore, praetextu et capite etiam in 
corpore juris clauso, nullo unquam iempore de suhreptionis vel obreptionis, 
aut nullitatis vitio. seu intentionis nostrae, aut interesse habentium con 
sensus, aliove quolibet defectu quantumvis magno et substantiali, sive 
etiam ex eo, quod solemnitates et quaecumque alia forsan servanda 
et adimplenda in praemissis minime servata et adimpleta, seu causae, 
propter quas praesentes emanaverint, non sufficienter adductae verificatae, 
et justificatae fuerint notari, impugnari, aut alias infringi, suspend!, 
restringi, limitari, vel in controversiam vocari, sive adversus eas restiiu- 
tionis in integrnm, aperitionis oris, aut aliud quodcumque juris facti vel 
justitiae remedium impetrari, aut sub qnibusviis contraris constitu- 
tionibus, revocationibus, limitationibus, modificationibus, decretis. ac 
declarationibus generalibus vel specialibus quomodolibet factis minime 
posse comprehend!, sed semper ab illis exceptas esse et fore, et tamquam 
ex Pontificiae providentiae ofh cio, certa scientia et potestatis plenitudine 
nostris, faotas et emanatas perpetuo validas et efficaces existere, et fore 
suosque plenarios et inlegros effectus sortiri et obtinere, ac ab omnibus, 
ad quos spectatj et quomodolibet spectubit in futurum perpetuo et invio- 
labiliter observari ; ad supradictarnm Ecclcsiarum Episcopis et capitulis, 
aliisque, qnorum fa vo rein praesentes nostrae l.iterae concernunt, perpe- 
tuis futuris temporibus plenissime suff ragari debere, eosdcmque super 
praemissis omnibus et singulis, vel illorum causa ab aliquibus quavis 
auctoritate fungentlbus quomodolibet molcstari, perturbari, inquietari, vel 
impediri, nee ad probationem, seu verificationem quorumcumque in iisdem 
praesentibus narratorum unquam teneri, neque ad id in judicio, vel extra, 
cngi sen compelli posse, ct si secus super his a quoquam quavis auctori 
tate scicnter, vel ignoranter contigerit attentari, irritum et prorsus inane 
esse, ac fore volumus atque decernimus. Non obstantibus de jurequaesito 
non tollendo, de suppressionibus committendis ad partes vo;-atis quorum 
interest, aliisque nostris et Cancellariae Apostolicae regulis, nee non 
Ecclesiarum etiam confirmatione Apostolica, vel quavis firmitate alia 
roboratis statutis, y)rivilegiis et indultis quamvis specifica et individua 
mentione dignis, omnibusque et singulis Apostolicis, ac in synodalibus, 
provincialibus et universalibus conciliis, editis specialibus, vel generalibus 
constitutionibus et ordinationibus, quibus omnibus et singulis ill(rum 
tenores praesentibus pro insertis habentes, ad praemissorum efTectum 
latissime, ac plenissime specialiter et expresse scientia et potestatis pleni 
tudine paribus derogamus, caeterisque contrariis quibuscumque. Volumus 
insuper, ut praesentium literarum tran5;umptis, etiam impressi?, mana 
tamen alicujus not, rii publici subscripts, et sigillo personae in Ecclesi- 

40 NASSAU, &c. 

astica dignitate munitis, eadem prorsus fides ubique adhibeatur, quae ipsis 
praesentibus adhiberetur, si forent exhibitae vel ostensae. Nulli ergo 
omnino hominum liceat hanc paginam nostrae suppressionis, extinctionis, 
annullationis, reordinationis, erectionis, dismembrationis, unionis, aggrega- 
tionis, applicationis, concessionis, indulti, circumscriptionis, assignations, 
attributionis, statuti, coramissionis, deputations, mandati.decreti, deroga- 
tionis, et voluntatis infringere, vel ei ausu temerario contraire: si quis 
autera hoc attentare praesumpserit, indignationem omnipotentis Dei, ac 
beatorum Petri et Pauli Apostolorum ejus se noverit incursurum. 

Datum Romae apud Sanctam Mariam Majorem anno incarnatioms 
Dominifae milleimo octingentesimo vigesimo primo, decirno septimo 
calendas Septembris, Pontificatus nostri anno vigesimo secundo. 
(Loco X Plumbi.) 


Pius, Bishop, servant of the servants of God, for perpetual remembrance. 

THE wise and prudent care of the Roman Pontiffs in settling and arranging 
those tilings which appear best calculated to protect and benefit the Lord s flock, 
according to the circumstances of time and place, has occasionally led them to 
constitute new apostolical sees, and sometimes to transfer certain sees, in order 
that if the Lord bless the harvest, a better safeguard may be gained thereby for 
the spiritual benefit of the faithful ; ve therefore, so soon as peace was restored 
to Germany, immediately applied our cares to the settlement of the affairs of the 
Church, which had been perturbed by the former disasters of the times, and 
having four years ago suitably ordered the same in the Kingdom of Bavaria, we 
forthwith turned our attention to all those followers of the orthodox faith who 
are under the government of the Most Serene Princes and States of Germany, 
that is to say, the King of Wurtemberg, the Grand Duke of Baden, the Elector 
of Hesse, the Duke of Nassau, the Free Town of Frankfort, the Grand Duke of 
Mecklenburg, the Dukes of Saxony, the Duke of Oldenburg, the Prince of 
Waldeck, and the free Hanse Towns of Lubeck and Bremen, who, showing them 
selves in readiness to make every effort for a suitable endowment of bishoprics 
to be erected or restored by the Apostolic See, have sent delegates to Rome for 
this purpose, in the name of the whole body. 

But as it was impracticable to come to an understanding upon all the eccle 
siastical affairs in question, although we are not without hope that they may be 
hereafter arranged by the wisdom of the said Princes and States, in the meantime, 
that the faithful in Christ resident in those countries, whom we perceive to be in 
in great want of spiritual guidance, may not be any longer deprived of their own 
pastors, we have resolved to proceed to the erection of some sees and demarca 
tion of dioceses in the principal cities and territories of those Princes and 
States, so that we may be enabled as soon as possible to furnish those churches 
with their own prelates, reserving to ourselves the care of associating the 
Catholic subjects of other Princes to those dioceses which we may judge most 

Having, therefore, heard the advice of some of our venerable brothers 
Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church, from our certain knowledge and mature 
deliberation, and by the fulness of apostolic power, we do suppress, annul, and 
extinguish the title, denomination, nature, and essence, and the whole present 
condition, both of the vacant episcopal church of Constance, and of the extra 
diocesan provostship of St. Vitus in Elwangen, together with its chapters, in 
order that we may freely proceed to the erection of the undermentioned new 
churches and demarcation of dioceses ; and further, we alter the present state of 
the episcopal churches of Mayence and Fulda, so that the former be withdrawn 
altogether from any metropolitan right of the Archbishop of Mechlin, and may 
no longer remain subject to the provisions of our apostolic letters, beginning 
"Qui Christi Domini," dated the 29th November, IfeOl ; and that the 
latter may be understood to be transferred from the state of a regular, in which 
it was constituted by other apostolic letters of our predecessor, Benedict XIV of 
happy memory, beginning "In Apostolicse," to the secular condition; and 
with like knowledge and deliberation and power, to the glory of Almighty God, 
the exaltation of the orthodox faith, and the increase of the Catholic religion, we 

NASSAU, &c. 41 

do for ever erect and constitute Friburg, the principal city in Brisgau, cele 
brated for its high school and other establishments and inhabited by 9000 citizens 
and upwards, into an archiepiscopal city, and its very celebrated church, under 
the title of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, to an archiepiscopal and 
parochial church ; Rottenburg on the Neckar, also formerly chief town of the 
Duchy of Hohenburg, in the Kingdom of Wurtemberg, containing the provincial 
court-house, and having 5,500 inhabitants, we constitute an episcopal city, and 
the large church therein dedicated to St. Martin, bishop anjl confessor, we make 
an episcopal church ; moreover, Limburg on theLahn, placed in a fertile country 
in the middle of the Duchy of Nassau, containing 2,700 inhabitants, we also 
constitute an episcopal city, and the church in the same, dedicated to St. George, 
we make an episcopal church, with all the rights, jurisdictions, advantages, 
honours, and privileges legally appertaining to archiepiscopal and episcopal 
sees respectively. And we do assign to the aforesaid metropolitan church of 
Friburg, as suffragan churches, the four episcopal churches aforesaid of Mayence, 
Fulda, Rottenburg, and Limburg. 

And each chapter, as well of the metropolitan church of Friburg as of the 
cathedral churches of Mayence and Rottenburg, shall consist of one deanery and 
six canonries ; that of Fulda shall consist of one deanery and four canonries, and 
that of Limburg of one deanery and five canonries; and, moreover, in order to 
augment somewhat the number of ministrants, six more prebends or vicariats 
shall be constituted in the churches of Friburg and Rottenburg, four in those of 
Mayence and Fulda, and two in that of Limburg, for so many prebendaries or 
vicars respectively. 

And we do allow and grant to each of the above-named chapters the liberty 
and power of making and issuing, under the presidency, inspection and approval 
of the respective chief prelate for the time being, any statutes, chapters, and 
decrees whatever, provided they be legal and proper, and in accordance with 
canonical rules, both for the service of the choir, for the division of duties 
received, and of any other revenues, for the bearing of burdens, for the prosperous 
and beneficial regulation and direction of matters and rights spiritual and 
temporal ; and that they may and can freely and lawfully possess and enjoy the 
favours, distinctions, and privileges which other chapters of cathedral churches 
in those parts do lawfully possess and enjoy. 

And we do expressly enjoin to each chief prelate of the above-named 
churches, that he appoint, in accordance with the rules, one of the canons to 
fulfil constantly the office of a penitentiary, and another to expound the Holy 
Scriptures to the people on stated days ; or if canons cannot be conveniently 
appointed to these offices, the bishop shall take care that these duties be dis 
charged by some other fit priests, and that proper means be provided for 
bestowing a suitable remuneration on those priests for the work done. 

And whereas, in accordance with the precept of the Holy Council of Trent 
for the education and instruction of the clergy, an ecclesiastical seminary for 
boys to be freely ruled and directed by the bishop should exist in each of the 
aforesaid archiepiscopal and episcopal churches, where such number of pupils 
should be maintained as is required by the necessity and utility of each diocese 
respectively ; and as we know that such do already exist in four of them, we 
direct that a suitable seminary be erected in the remaining church as soon as it 
shall be practicable. 

And being now about to proceed to the demarcation of the five dioceses 
aforesaid, so that by the boundaries thereof being distinctly defined, no question 
may arise between the respective bishops as to the exercise of ecclesiastical 
jurisdiction, having previously separated the undermentioned places from the 
dioceses and churches to which they now belong, we do, of the like plenitude 
of our Apostolic power, decree, prescribe, and constitute as follows : 

The metropolitan church of Friburg shall have for its diocesan territory 
the whole province of the Grand Duchy of Baden, that is to say, the parishes 
situated within the boundaries of that duchy, and which do belong or have 
belonged partly to the diccese of Constance and partly to those of Strasburg, 
Spires, Worms, Wiirzburg, Basle, and Ratisbon ; fourteen other parishes, with 
their chapels-of-ease, situated in the Principality of Hohenzollern-Hechingen, 
and belonging to the aforesaid diocese of Constance; and twenty-four parishes 
in the Principality of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, belonging to the same diocese 
of Constance; and also eighteen parishes of the Deauery of Vohringen, and 


42 NASSAU, &c. 

seventeen parishes in the Deanery of Haigerlcck, in the said principality, arid 
appertaining to the same diocese. 

The episcopal church of Mayence shall have for its diocesan territory the 
the whole province of the Grand Duchy of Hesse, that is to say, all the parishes 
of the diocese of Mayence left after separation of the places situated within the 
Bavarian dominions, and the other places and parishes from the dioceses pf 
Ratisbon and Worms, and the single parish of Herbstein from trie diocese of 
Fulda, belonging for temporal matters to the grand duchy aforesaid ; and 
finally, the parishes in Darmstadt, Giessen, and Offenbach, in the said (Jrand 
Duchy of Hesse, but so that, in those places which are chiefly inhabited by 
non-Catholics, new parish churches shall be founded by the first future bishop 
for the Catholics, if they are in considerable numbers ; but if their number is 
small, they shall be associated to the nearest Catholic parishes. 

The episcopal church of Fulda shall have for its diocesan territory the 
whole Electorate of Hesse, that is to say, forty parishes now included in that 
diocese ; twenty parishes from the ancient metropolitan diocese, formerly 
Mayence and afterwards Ratisbon ; and one parish in Volkmarsen, of the 
diocese of Paderborn ; with the exception of those fractions of parishes in the 
Kingdom of Bavaria which have .been already annexed, or which are shortly to 
be annexed by Apostolic delegation to nearer parishes of the dioceses of the 
Kingdom of Bavaria. But the fractions of the out-parishes lying within the 
Province of Hesse, .shall be annexed to some nearer parish or parishes of the 
diocese of Fulda. In the meantime we leave to the diocese of Fulda the nine 
united parishes situated in the Grand Duchy of Saxe-Weimar, in relation to 
which we reserve to ourselves and the Roman Pontiffs our successors the right 
of freely disposing of the same in any other manner, if it shall be necessary. 

The episcopal church of Rottenburg shall have have (or its diocesan ter 
ritory the whole Kingdom of Wurtemberg, with all the parishes which in the 
year 1816 were separated from the divisions of Augsburg, Spires, Worms, and 
Wiirtzburg ; together with the parishes formerly belonging to the suppressed 
provostship of the extra-diocesan St. Vitus in Elwangen. 

Finally, the episcopal church of Limburg shall have for its diocesan 
territory the whole Duchy of Nassau, in which are included fifty-eight parishes 
belonging to the ancient diocese of Ratisbon, and fifty-two belonging to the 
ancient diocese of Treves, formerly metropolitan dioceses, and twenty-two 
parishes situated in the Province of Dillenburg and Weilburg, and also the 
territory of the Free City of Frankfort, in which there is one parish church 
dedicated to St. Bartholomew the Apostle, with its three dependent churches, 
io which all the Catholics in the said city belong, and which depend on the 
aforesaid diocese of Ratisbon. 

Therefore, the above-mentioned cities and churches being erected in archi- 
episcopal and episcopal cities and churches, and the aforesaid places and parishes 
being annexed to the five above- mentioned churches as their diocesan territory 
respectively, we do assign the inhabitants of the same of both sexes, as well 
clerical as lay, to those churches as their clergy and people for ever ; and we do 
place them altcgether under the spiritual jurisdiction of each chief prelate, so 
that it shall be lawful lor those fit and worthy persons who may be placed 
according to canonical ordinances over the said archiepiscopal and episcopal 
churches, as well for this present time as in future, by apostolical authority, after 
previous investigation to be instituted in every case by the Rornun Pontiff, in 
conformity with the instructions Issued by command of our predecessor Pope 
Urban V11I of pious memory, as we do order and direct, by themselves or by 
others in their namp, but not until these present letters shall have been duly and 
entirely executed, arid the said prelates shall have received the letters of apostolic 
invcs iture, freely to take true, real, and ccrporal possession of the government, 
administration, and every kind of diocesan right in the aforesaid churches, cities, 
and dioceses, and of the estates and other revenues assigned or to be assigned 
to them as endowments, and having taken to retain the same for ever. 

We decree, in the meantime, that all and eA^ery the places aforesaid shall 
continue ad interim to be governed by the vicars or administrators lawfully 
appointed, under whom they are at present placed. 

And in order .that all and everything hereinbefore provided by us may be 
quickly and beneficially carried into execution, ws do empower and command 
the venerable brother John Baptist de Keller, Bishop of Evara, whom we nomi- 

NASSAU, &c. 4 

nate, elect, and appoint executor of this our present Brief, that he do proceed to 
the endowment of the aforesaid churches, chapters, and seminaries respectively, 
out of lands and estates, and other revenues, with especial right of mortgage, 
and to be converted heieafter into lands and estates, to be held and administered 
by them in full ownership, in the manner and form which is offered and expressed 
by the Serene Princes under whose government each diocese is placed, in the 
documents to be hereinafter mentioned, drawn out in legal form and transmitted 
to us, which shall be preserved in the acts of this Congregation superintending 
Consistorial affairs, and authentic copies of which shall be delivered by the 
aforesaid executor to each of the churches, to be preserved in the archives of 
the same respectively. That is to say, he shall assign to the archicpiscopal 
church of Friburg in Brisgau, the Lordship of l.inz, and other revenues, which 
estates and rents produce altogether 75,364 Rhenish florins per annum, as is 
distinctly and plainly described in the document made by especial command of 
the Grand Duke of Baden on the 23rd day of December, 1820. The aforesaid 
Bishop John B.iptist shall so divide the estates, that 13,400 florins of the same 
shall every year be allowed for the archiepiscopal expenses, by adding to which 
the payments to be hereinafter mentioned, to be made yearly by the three cathe 
dral churches, the annual revenue of the archiepiscopal establishment will be 
14,710 florins. To the dean of the chapter, 4000 florins; to the first of the 
canons, 2,300 florins ; to each of the five other canons, 1800 florins ; moreover, 
to each of the six prebendaries, 900 florins ; further, to the diocesan seminary, 
25,000 florins ; to the edirice of the cathedral church, 5,264 florins ; to the 
archicpiscopal chancery, 3000 florins ; and lastly, for houses appropriated to 
superannuated or unfit ecclesiastics, either such as are now in existence, jr 
which shall be erected by the ordinary under whose jurisdiction they are placed, 
8000 florins. He shall moreover assign f>r the habitation of the archbishop a 
palace in the city of Friburg, contiguous to the cathedral square, formerly the 
house of the Provincial States of Brisgau, with the appurtenances attached 
thereto, and a garden before the city gate ; and for the habitations of the dean 
and six canons and six prebendaries, he shall assign other houses described in 
the aforesaid document. 

To the episcopal church of Mayence, in addition to the estates and revenues 
which it hold? at present, he shall give the annual sum of 20,000 Rhenish 
florins, to be received out of the rents and proceeds of the Prefecture of 
Mayence, constituted for the purpose of levying duties and seignorial rents, to 
be paid yearly to the aforesaid church, on the condition that the said sum may 
hold a right of mortgage on the goods, estates, and seignorial rents of the said 
Prefecture of Mayence ; and that this provision do remain firm, stable, and 
unshaken, until farms and estates producing a yearly rent of 20,000 florins, be 
assigned to the same episcopal church of Mayence, to be possessed by it in full 
right, as it is expressly provided in the document drawn up by the especial com 
mand of the Grand Dake of Hesse and bei Rhsin, on the 2 ath day of August, 
in the year 1820. But this sum of 20,000 florins per annum being added to the 
revenues which constitute the present endowment of the church of Mayence as 
a supplementary endowment, the whole amount of revenue thence accruing 
shall be distributed by the executor aforesaid, in such manner that the bishop 
shall have a net revenue of 6000 fl. the vicar-general, 25,000 fl., each of the 
six canons, 1800 fl., the first of the four prebend-tries, 900 fl. and the otherthree 
prebendaries, 800 fl. each. But this provision, as regards dean, canons, and 
prebendaries, shall not take effect until the number of the canons of the 
cathedral church of Mayence be reduced to six, for which purpose we decree, 
that when the first four of the ten existing prebends of that chapter shall in 
anyway become vacant, they shall not be conferred upon other parsons, so that 
the said chapter shall in future C3nsist of a dean and six canons. But in the 
meantime the ten existing canons shall receive the same annual revenues which 
they received before the separation of that portion of the diocese of Mivence 
given to the church of Spires, and which, after the new circumsc.iption 
of the dioceses of the former French territory, made by our other Bull, 
dated the 29th November, 1801, were granted to them. But in respect to 
the prebendaries not now existing in the cathedral church of Mayence, since 
their office is filled by priests who have emoluments in part arising from the 
office of small buildings called by the name of Presentis," ani partly frond 
pensions which are now paid by the Government, these priests shall continue fro 

G 2 

44 NASSAU, &c. 

perform the same duties in the cathedral until the period when, after their 
demise, the four prebends above mentioned, now to be erected with a view to 
that period, can he constituted with the above-mentioned endowment of 900 
florins per annum for the first, and 800 florins for each of the three remainine 
prebendaries ; and for the dwelling-house of the bishop, that house with garden 
adjacent shall serve which he has hitherto enjoyed, and in like manner shall it 
be done also with regard both to present and future canons, for whose habitation 
ten houses are now already assigned, four of which have gardens adjacent ; for 
the maintenance of the cathedral church, and for the expenses necessary for 
divine service, the estates, farms, and other revenues possessed from of old by 
the said church shall be continued, amounting to the sum of 3,335 florins per 
annum. We make a similar provision with respect to the diocesan seminary, 
which after the suppression of a monastery formerly inhabited by monks of the 
order of the hermit brothers of St. Augustin, we determine to be regularly 
instituted in the said monastery with the church and garden annexed ; and we 
decree that an annual revenue shall be assigned to the same, partly from its 
ancient estates restored in the year 1806, and partly arising from former 
donations and legacies, and constituting a sum of 3,700 florins, and from a very 
recent and liberal donation made in its favour, as \vell as any others which may 
be made hereafter; the revenues of which shall be attributed to the said seminary 
for ever. We lastly make a similar provision with respect to the Retreat at 
PfafFen Schwabenheim, intended for the maintenance and care of superannuated 
or infirm ecclesiastics, which, after suppression of the monastery formerly 
inhabited by the regular canons of the Order of St. Augustin, we command to 
be constituted in the house of this monastery, the endowment of which amounts 
to the sum of 1822 florins per annum, besides that which may be collected 
under the denomination of charitable assistance in a part of the ancient diocese 
of Mayence, subsequently of Ratisbon, and which having been customarily paid 
hitherto, will receive no little increase. 

The episcopal church of Fulda shall have fields, meadows, and woods, and 
other revenues constituting an annual sum of 26,370 Rhenish florins, as is more 
fully described in the document made by the aforesaid Elector of Hesse on the 
14th day of March in the year 1821. And this dotation the executor aforesaid 
shall distribute in manner that the bishop shall receive yearly 6000 florins ; the 
dean of the chapter, 2,600 florins ; each of the four canons, 1800 florins ; and each 
of the four prebendaries, 800 florins ; and 2000 florins shall be expended every 
year on the edifice of the cathedral ; 7000 florins on the diocesan seminary ; and 
170 florins shall be annually paid to the Archbishop of Friburg, as metropolitan. 
Moreover, we destine for the habitation of the bishop, and for the Episcopal 
Court, the house contiguous to the cathedral, on St. Alichael s Mount, with the 
two gardens and appurtenances adjoining ; and for the dwellings of the dean, the 
four canons, and four prebendaries, other houses described in the said document ; 
and, finally, we destine for the seminary the house close to the cathedral, already 
dedicated for that purpose, with the garden adjoining. 

The episcopal churt-h of Rottenburg shall enjoy the revenues described in 
detail in a document completed by special direction of the aforesaid King of 
Wurtemberg on the 10th day of November in the year 1820, which shall be 
distributed by the aforesaid executor in the following proportion, every year : 
10,000 florins for the bishop; 2,400 florins for the dean of the chapter; 
1800 florins for each of the six canons; 900 florins for the first of the six 
prebendaries; and 800 florins each for the other five; 1400 florins for the 
cathedral and for keeping up the other buildings ; 8,092 florins for the diocesan 
seminary ; 6,916 florins for the episcopal chancery ; 2,150 florins for the expenses 
of divine worship at the cathedral ; 800 florins for the sacristan and other church 
servants ; and 8fi4 florins for the Archbishop of Friburg, as metropolitan. And 
if the dean should be chosen by the bishop to the office of Vicar-General also, 
1 100 florins more shall be paid to him : but if a simple canon of the chapter be 
selected by the bishop for that office, an increase of 1700 florins shall be made 
to him. And, moreover, for the dnelling-house of the bishop, and for the 
Episcopal Court, we command that the house in the city of Rottenburg, near 
the valley ot the Neckar, formerly used as the Royal Prefecture, with the 
adjoining garden and appurtenances, be appropriated ; and for the habitations of 
the dean of the chapter, the six canons, and six prebendaries, other houses also 
described in the same document ; and for the episcopal seminary, after sup- 

NASSAU, &c. 45 

pression of the monastery formerly inhabited by the brothers of the Order of the 
Holy Virgin Mary of Mount Carmel, we appropriate the house of that suppressed 
monastery, situated on the Neckar, for the use of the clergy of the seminary. 

The episcopal church of Limburg shall enjoy the estates, farms, rents, 
tithes, and other revenues, constituting an annual sum of 21,606 florins, as 
appears from a document made by especial command of the Duke of Nassau, on 
the 3rd day of January of the present year, 1821, which revenues the executor 
aforesaid shall distribute annually in the following manner: to the bishop, 6000 
florins; to the dean of the chapter, 2,400 florins; to the first canon, who shall 
be also the parish priest of Limburg, 1800 florins; to the second ca ion, also 
1800 florins; to the third canon, who shall likewise be parish priest of the 
church of Dietkirch, also 1800 florins; to the fourth canon, who shall be like 
wise parish priest in Altville, 2,300 florins; and to the fifth canon, who is also 
parish priest in the Free Town of Frankfort and its territory, the amount which 
he now receives as parish priest, dispensations being granted by apostolical 
delegated authority for the retention of the said parishes with the four canonries 
aforesaid, in such manner that the cure of souls in the parishes mentioned be 
properly provided for by fit curates, to be approved and instituted by the ordi 
nary with all due order, according to canonical authority. To the first chaplain, 
who shall assist the first canon parish priest of Limburg in the cure of souls, 
800 florins ; to the second chaplain, who shall have the duty of saying mass in 
the chapel of the hospital of Limburg, 800 florins; to the Archbishop of Limburg, 
as metropolitan, for the proportionate increase of his dotation, 270 florins ; for 
the seminary constituted or to be constituted within the province for the bringing 
up and instruction of the clergy of the diocese of Limburg, 1500 florins; and 
finally, for the episcopal chancery, and for the other expenses of the manage 
ment of the church and of the estates, 2,130 florins. And, moreover, for 
the habitation of the bishop, after suppression of the monastery or convent 
formerly inhabited by the brothers of the Order of St. Francis, we assign the 
part of that monastery which has hitherto been held by the Ducal Prefect, with 
the garden adjoining inclosed by walls ; and for the dean, and five canons, and 
two chaplains, other houses described in the aforesaid document. 

And we further enjoin the said Bishop, John Baptist, that he take proper 
care for the cure of souls in the metropolitan and cathedral churches, and that 
he determine by what priests, to be approved and instituted by the respective 
Ordinary after examination, according to canonical precepts, and with what 
amount of stipend, the same is to be exercised in those churches, and that he 
point out in what seminary of the ecclesiastical Province of Friburg the clergy 
of the diocese of Limburg shall be received, with the yearly assignment of 1 500 
florins as aforesaid, until the proper seminary for Limburg be erected ; and 
further, that he determine the amount to be furnished by the territorial 
princes respectively, for providing the cost of the due and constant celebration 
of divine worship, as well in the suppressed episcopal church of Constance as 
in the provost church of Elwangen ; and finally, that he take care that the 
annual payments be made to the surviving canons of the suppressed chapters, 
entirely and faithfully until their death. 

And for the benefit and convenience of the respective dioceses, we direct 
that all and every document respecting the parishes and places separated from 
the ancient dioceses and incorporated in the new ones be taken out of the old 
chanceries, and delivered in proper form to the new archiepiscopal and episcopal 
chanceries respectively, in which they shall be preserved for ever. 

And having regard to the revenues assigned to the above-mentioned archi 
episcopal and episcopal churches respectively, we order that they be valued in 
the books of the Apostolic Chamber, as follows : namely, the church of Friburg 


at 6b ^- florins, the church of Mayence at 348^ florins, the church of Fulda at 
332 florins, the church of Rottenburg at 490 florins, and the church of Limburg 
at 332 florins. 

And in order that everything which we have herein ordered as above may 
be duly executed, we grant to the aforesaid John Baptist, Bishop of Evara, who 
is appointed executor of those letters, all and every the necessary and suitable 
powers for this purpose, so that he, after the respective endowments shall be made 
by deeds drawn up in the forms which are valid in the different States, may 
and can freely and lawfully, by virtue of the apostolic authority delegated to 
him, proceed either to the erection or the new ordination of each church 

46 NASSAU, &c. 

with its chapter, and to the demarcations of the respective diocesan territory, 
and may do and determine all other things as ordered ahove ; and further, we 
also grant power to the said Bishop, John Baptist, tiiat for the purpose of 
carrying everything into full effect, especially in places at a distance from 
his residence, he may depute one or more person or persons, holding eccle 
siastical dignity, and as well the said John Baptist, as the person or persons 
deputed or to be deputed by him, may and can, and any one of them respec 
tively may and can decide freely and lawfully upon any opposition made in any 
way whatever in the execution of the same, observing always all legal 
formalities, definitively and without appeal ; and we do further expressly enjoin 
and command the said Bishop, John Baptist, that he transmit in authentic form 
to the Apostolic See, copies of all documents which may be drawn up either by 
himself or his deputies, within four months after they shall he executed, that they 
may be preserved in the usual manner in the archives of the aforesaid Consis- 
torial Congregation. 

And we do will and determine that the present Brief, together with every 
thing which is contained and prescribed therein, shall not he censuied or 
impugned, or otherwise invalidated or suspended, or restrained or limited, or 
called into dispute, nor shall restitution in integrum, nor the right of remon 
strance, nor any other legal remedy whatever of right, fact, or equity, be 
obtained against it, neither on the plea that any person, of any state, rank, con 
dition, or pre-eminence, or worthy also of specific, express, or individual mention 
he may be, having a right or interest in the matters stated, or in any of them, 
or who may in future from any motive whatever claim to have a right or interest, 
may have withheld their consent, or because any of them were not called to be 
present when the arrangements were made, or were not at all or not sufficiently 
heard, nor from any other juridical, privileged or most privileged cause, colour, 
or pretext, or clause of the canon law, from no default at any time by com 
mission or omission, or nullity or defect of our intention, or of consent of parties 
interested, or by any defect whatever, however great and substantial ; nor else 
because any solemn fcrms or other matters which perhaps should have been 
observed and fulfilled in the premises, were not observed and fulfilled, or because 
the motives of issuing this present Brief were not sufficiently brought forward, 
verified, and substantiated ; nor shall it be comprehended under any contrary 
ordinances, revocations, suspensions, restrictions, modifications, decrees, or 
general or special declaration?, however made ; hut sha 1 always be and remain 
exempted therefrom, and shall be and remain for ever valid and in force, as made- 
by and emanating from our Pontifical wisdom, certain knowledge and fulness of 
power, and shall have and obtain full and entire effect, and shall be perpetually and 
inviolably observed in future by those to whom it belongs or shall belong in any 
way whatever: and it shall most fully be to the benefit of the bishops and 
chapters of the churches aforesaid for all future times, as well as to the other 
parties for whose advantage it is issued : and we will and decree that the same 
persons shall not in any way be molested or disturbed, disquieted or impeded, 
in rtspect to all and everything herein stated, or because thereof, by any 
person invested with any authority whatever ; nor shall they at any time be 
held to prove or verify aiiy matters whatever narrated herein, nor be com 
pelled or urged to do the same judicially or extra-judiciaily : and if it happen 
that anything be attempted, either knowingly or ignorantly, by any authority, 
the same is and shall be void and utterly null. Notwithstanding the rule, " I)e 
jure qufssito non tollendo," and u De sup;iresKwnis committcndis ad paries vocuhs 
quorum interest. and our other regulations, and those of the Apostolic Chancery, 
and the statutes, privileges, and indulgences of the churches, however worthy 
of specific and individual mention, and though fortified by apostolic confirma 
tion or other corroboration ; and notwithstanding ail and singular the special 
and general apostolic constitutions and ordinances, and those issued in synodal, 
provincial, and universal councils, each and all of them, considering as inserted 
herein, as well as every other thing to the contrary hereof, we do, lor the 
effect of all matters herein contained, from our certain knowledge and the 
plenitude of our power, broadly, and fully, and especially, and expressly repeal. 
We iurt her will that the same credit be everywhere given to copies of this iirief, 
even to printed impressions, when signed by the hand of some notary public, 
axid sealed with the seal of some person holding ecclesiastical dignity, as would 
be given to this Brief itself if it were shown and exhibited. It- is not permitted 

NASSAU, &c. 47 

to any person to impugn, or by wicker! daring to oppose this our Brief of 
suppression, extinction, annulment, reordination, erection, dismembering, 
uniting, annexation, application, concession, indulgence, demarcation, assign 
ment, attribution, statute, trust, delegation, mandate, decree, repeal, and 
determination ; and if any one shall presume to attempt this, let him know 
that he will incur the wrach of Almighty God and of St. Peter and St. Paul the 

Dated at Rome, at Santa Maria Maggiore, in the year 1821, 17th Kal. 
Sept. (August 16), the 22nd year of our Pontificate. 

Inclosure 10 in No. 2. 
Papal Bull of April 11, 1827. 

Leo Episcopus, servus servorum Dei. Ad perpetuam rei memoriam. 

AD Dominici greg is custodiam pastures praeficere, qui et sacrorum 
procuratione et ministerio verbi in semitis ilium regant justitiae ac sulutis, 
maxima semper adsiduaque contentione, Romani Pontifices adnisi sunt, 
probe gnari, id sibi ex mtmeris sui orHcio a pastorum principe imprimis 
commendari. Hoc proinde consilio pro summo, quo in Ecclesiae bonum 
flagrabat studio, felicis recordationis praedecessor noster Pius Septimus 
Maxime sibi religioni duxit, intentas in eos orthodoxae ficlei cultores sollici- 
tudines convertere,qui S^renissimorum Principum, StatuumqueGcrmaniae, 
Regis nempe Wiirtembergiae, Magni Duels Badensis, Electoris Hnssiae, 
Magni Duels Hassiae, Dueis Nassoviensis, Liberae Civitatis Francofur- 
tensis, Magni Ducis Megalopolitani, Ducum Saxoniae, Ducis Oldenbur- 
gensis, Principis Waldeccensi.s, ac Liberarum Civitatum Hanseatk arum 
Lubeeensis et Bremensis dominationi subsunt; ac proinde diligentissime 
iis omnibus perpensis, quae raagis ex re esse visa sunt. praesides sacrorum 
iisdem assignandos curavit. Datis idcirco ad diem [deeimam] septimam 
calendasSeptembris anno millesimooctingentesimo vigesimo primo Apnsto- 
licis Literis, quarum initium " Provida solersque" Arcniepiscopalis Fribur- 
gensis sedes, ejusque suff raganeae quatuor, Rottenburgensis nimirum, 
Moguntina, Limburgensis, ac Fuldensis constitutae sunt, cunctis oppor 
tune in id operis sancitis, quae ad antistitum censum, ad canonicorum 
collegia, ad seminaria, ad paraecias, ad cathedrales aedes erant prae- 
finienda. Quin imo Dao bene juvante, qui pater est luminum et auctor 
totius consolationis, in eo jam s vim us, ut iis sedibus suos quam primum 
Pastores praeficiamus. Yerum nonnulla adhuc concilianda desidera- 
bantur, quibus in futura tempora cle antistitum praesertim electione 
opportuna pro locorum ratione esset consultum, ut Integra in id causae 
perstent Apostolicae sedis jura, et omnia, quae idcirco erunt ibidem pera- 
genda, communis opinionis testimonio coiumendentur. Nostras in id 
curas impense appulimus id unice in gravissimo hoc et difficili negotio 
revolventes animo, ut ea omnia adimerenttir, quibus adhuc praepediuntur 
maxima animarum lucra per memoratae bullae dispositiones procurata. et 
optatum exitum tandem nanciscantur, quae in religionis commodum 
fuerant constituta. Omni itaque negotii ratione in examen deducta, iisque 
susceptis consiliis, quae ex rei natnra ejusque adjunctis universis occur- 
rerunt, auditis nonnvillis ex venerabilibus fratribus nostris Sanctae 
Komanae Ecclesiae Cardinalibus. atque ex certa scientia et malura deli- 
beratione nostris, deque Apostolicae potestatis plcnitucline haec, quae 
sequuntur. decernimus, ac mandamus 

Primo. Quotiescnmquc secies Archiepiscopalis, vel Episcopalis vaca- 
verit, illius cathedralis Ecclesiae capitulum intra mensem a die vacationis 
computandum summos respect ivi tcrritorii Principes ceitiores fieri curabit 
de nominibus candiclatorum ad clerum Dioecesanum spectantium, quos 
dignos et idoneos juxta sacrorum canonum praescripta judicaAerit ad 
Archiepiscopalem vel Episcopalem Ecclesiam sancte sapienterque regen- 
dam ; si forte vero aliquis ex candidatis ipsis summo territorii Principi 
minus gratus extiterit, capitulum e catulogo eurn dclebit, reliquo tamen 

48 NASSAU, &c. 

manente sufficient! candidatorum numero, ex quo novus antistes eligi 
valeat; tune vero capitulum ad canonicam electionem in Archiepiscopum, 
vel Episcopum unius ex candidatis, qui supererunt, juxta consuetas 
canonicas forraas procedet, ac documentum electionis in forma authentica 
intra mensem ad summum Pontih cem perferri curabit. 

Secundo. Confectio processus informativi super qualitatibus promo- 
vendorum ad Archiepiscopalem vel Episcopates Ecclesias a Romano Pon- 
tifice ad formam instructionis piae memoriae Urbani P. P. Octavi jussu 
editae uni Episcoporum provinciae vel Ecclesiastico respectivae Dioecesis 
viro in dignitate constitute committetur, quo accepto si summus Pontifex 
compererit promovendum iis dotibus instructum, quas sacri canones in 
Episcopo requirunt, eum, quantocitius fieri poterit, juxta statutas 
canonicas forinas per Apostolicas Literas confirmabit. 

Tertio. Si vero aut electio minime fuerit canonice peracta, aut pro- 
movendus praedictis dotibus instructus non reperiatur, ex special! gratia 
summus Pontifex indulgebit, ut capitulum ad novam electionem, ut supra, 
canon ica methoclo valeat procedere. 

Quarto. Capitula, tarn metropolitanum, quam cathedralia pro prima 
vice eo, qui sequitur, modo efformabuntur. Postquam Archiepiscopus, 
vel Episcopus respective sanctae sedis autoritate fuerint instituti, eis a 
summo Pontifice committetur, ut ejusdem summi Pontificis nomine ad 
nominationem decani, canonicorum, et vicariorum capituli procedant, 
iisque dent canonicam institutionem. Deinceps vero quotiescumque 
decanatus, aut canonicatus, vel vicariatus vacaverint, Archiepiscopus, vel 
Episcopus cum respective capitulo allernis vicibus intra sex hebdomadas 
a die vacationis proponent summo territorii Principi quatuor candidates 
in sacris ordinibus constitutes iisque praeditos qualitatibus, quas sacri 
canones in capitularibus requirunt. Quod si forte aliquis ex ipsis candi 
datis summo territorii Principi minus sit gratus, id quamprimum Archi- 
episcopo vel Episcopo vel respective capitulo idem Summus Princeps 
indicari curabit, ut ab elenco candidatorum deleatur, tune vero Archi 
episcopus aut Episcopus ad collationem decanatus, canonicatus aut prae- 
bendae, vel vicariae, seu respective capitulum intra quatuor hebdomadas 
procedet ad nominationem unius ex reliquis candidatis, cui Archiepiscopus, 
aut Episcopus canonicam dabit institutionem. 

Quinto. In seminario Archiepiscopali vel Episcopali is clericorum 
numerus ali, atque ad formam decretorum sacri Consilii Tridentini 
institui, ac educari debebit, qui dioecesis amplitudiai et necessitati 
respondent, quique ab Episcopo congrue erit definiendus. 

Sexto. Liberum erit, cum Sancta Sede de negotiis Ecclesiastic-is com- 
municare, atque Archiepiscopus in sua dioecesi et provincia ecciesiastica, 
uti et Episcopi in propria quisque dioecesi pleno jure Episcopalem jurisdic- 
tionem exercebunt, quae juxta cannnes nunc vigentes et praesentem 
Ecclesiae disci plinam eisdern competit. Haec porro, quae tenure praesen- 
tium Apostolicae sanctionis robore communimus, districts mandamus, ut 
antistites ac capitula memoratarum sedium in iis, quae ad ipsos spectant, 
accurate ac diligenter exequantur et servent. Id vero et a Serenissimis 
Principibus certa jucundaque spe praestolamur, ut animo quo sunt magno 
et excelso atque ad populorum felicitatem operandam intento animadver- 
tentes, quonam nostra toto hoc in negotio sese protulerit indulgentia, 
benevolos se in dies magis praebeant erga Catholicos subditos, quos certe 
et fide, et obsequio, et obediendi studio sibi quamqui maxime devinctis- 
simos tempore quolibet nanciscentur. Decernentes easdem praesentes 
literas nullo unquam tempore de subreptionis et obreptionis, aut nullitatis 
vitio notari, aut impugnari posse, sed semper firmas, validas, et efficaces 
existere et fore, non obstantibus Apostolicis generalibus, vel specialibus 
constitutionibus et ordinationibus, ac nostris et cancellariae Apostolicae 
regulis praesertim de jure quaesito non tollendo ceterisque etiam speciali 
mentione dignis contrariis quibuscumque. Quibus omnibus et singulis 
illorum tenores pro expressis et ad verbum insertis hahentes illis alias in 
suo robore permansuris ad praemissorum effectum duntaxat specialiter et 
expresse derogamus. Volumus insuper, ut praesentium literarum tran- 
sum|)tis, etiam impressis, manu tamen alicujus notarii publici subscriptis 
et sigillo personae in ecciesiastica dignitate constitutae munitis eadem 

NASSAU, &c. 49 

prorsus fides ubique adhibeatur, quae ipsis praesentibus adhiberetur, si 
forent exhibitae, vel ostensae. Null! ergo omnino hominum liceat, hanc 
paginam nostrae concessionis, adprobationis, derogationis, statuti, man- 
dati, et voluntatis infringere, vel ausu temerario contraire ; si quis autem 
hoc attentare praesumpserit, indignationem omnipotentis Dei, ac beatorum 
Petri etPauli, Apostolorurn ejus. se noverit incursurum. 

Datum Romac apud Sanctum Fetrum, anno incarnationis Dominicae 
millesimooctingentesimo vigesimo septimo, tertio idus Aprilis, Pontificatus 
nostri anno quarto. 

(Loco X Plumbi.) 


Leo, Bishop, servant of the servants of God, for perpetual remembrance. 

THE Roman Pontiffs have always striven with very great and continued 
efforts to appoint shepherds for the keeping of the Lord s flock, who should 
rule it in the paths of justice and holiness, both by the exercise of worship an d 
the ministry of the Word, well knowing that the same hath been especially 
entrusted to them in virtue of their office by the Prince of Shepherds. With 
this view, our predecessor, Pius VII, of happy memory, guided by the greas 
zeal for the good of the Church with which he was animated, considered it hit 
holiest duty to turn his most solicitous attention to those holders of the ortho 
dox faith who are under the government of the Most Serene Princes and States 
of Germany following ; viz , the King of Wurtemburg, the Grand Duke of 
Baden, the Elector of Hesse, the Duke of Nassau, ths Free City of Fran kfort 
the Grand Duke of Mecklenburg, the Dukes of Saxony, the Duke of Olden 
burg, the Prince of WalHeck, and the free Hanse Towns of Lubeck and 
Bremen ; and therefore after having carefully considered all those things which 
appeared to be most appropriate to the matter, he provided for their being 
supplied with clerical guides. Consequently, an apostolic brief, dated August 
16, 1821, beginning " Provida solersque," constituted the archiepiscopal see of 
Friburg, with its four suffragan bishoprics, Rottenburg, Mayence, Limburg, and 
Fulda, everything being suitably arranged which was required for determining 
the episcopal revenues, the capitular colleges, the seminaries, the parochial 
incumbencies, and the cathedral churches. We are now prepared, by the help 
of God, who is the father of light and the author of all comfort, to provide 
forthwith those sees with their pastors. But some matters yet remained to be 
arranged for future guidance, principally in regard to the choice of prelates 
suitable to the localities, so that the rights of the Apostolic See might remain 
uninjured in this respect, and that everything done lor this object should meet 
with general assent. We have diligently applied our attention to this, wholly 
considering in this very serious and difficult matter, how to remove all those 
impediments which still prevented the great spiritual gain prepared by the 
provisions of the said bull, and how those provisions, which were made for the 
benefit of religion, should be carried to the desired effect. Having therefore 
taken into consideration all things relative to this subject, and having determined 
on such measures as appeared most adapted to the object and all its circum 
stances, having heard some of our venerable brothers, the Cardinals of our 
Holy Roman Church, and of our certain knowledge and mature deliberation, 
and in the fulness of .Apostolic power, w r e decree and command as follows : 

Firstly. Whenever an archiepiscopal or an episcopal see shall be vacant, 
the chapter of that cathedral church, within one mouth, to be reckoned from the 
day of vacation, shall take care to communicate to the Sovereign Princes of that 
territory the names of the candidates belonging to the clergy of the diocese who 
shall be judged worthy and fit, according to the precepts of the sacred canons, to 
govern in a holy manner, and wisely, the archiepiscopal or episcopal church ; 
and if it should happen that any of those candidates should not be acceptable to 
the Sovereign Prince of the territory, the chapter shall withdraw his name from 
the list, but leaving, nevertheless, a sufficient number of names of candidates for 
making choice of a new prelate ; and then the chapter shall proceed to make a 
canonical election of one of the remaining candidates to be archbishop or bishop, 
according to the usual canonical form, and shall take care, within a month, to 
bring the document of election before the T Toly Pontiff in an authentic form. 


50 NASSAU, &c. 

Secondly. The process of inquiring into the qualifications of the persons to 
he promoted to archiepiscopal or episcopal churches shall, in the form cf 
instruction drawn up by command of Pops Urban VIFI, of pious memory, be 
entrusted by the Roman Pontiff to one of the bishops of the province, or to a 
dignitary of the church of the respective diocese, on receipt of which, if the 
Supreme Pontiff rinds that the person to be promoted is endowed with the 
qtial ; fications required by the sacred canons for a bishop, he shall as early as 
poss hle confirm the same by apustolic brief, according to the set canonical 

Thirdly. But if the election shall have been uncanonically made, or if the 
person to be promoted be found unendowed with the qualifications aforesaid, 
the S.ipreme Pontiff, <.f his especial grace, shall permit the chapter to proceed 
to a new election, as above, in a canonical manner. 

Fourthly. The metropolitan, as well as the cathedral chapters, shall for the 
first time be constituted in the manner following: Alter the archbishop or the 
bishops respectively shall be instituted by the authority of the Holy See, they shall 
be ch rged by the Supreme Pontiff to proceed in the name of the saiil Supreme 
Pontiff to the nomination of a dear, canon?, and vicars of the chapters; and 
they shall give to them canonical institution. But afterwards, whenever the 
office of dean, or canon, or vicar shall be \acant, the archbishop, or bishop, 
altei nately with the respective chapters, shall, within six weeks from the day of 
vacation, propose to the Sovereign Prince of the territory four candidates in 
holy orders, endowed with the qualifications required by the several canons in 
the capitular clergy. And if it should be that one of those candidates should 
be unacceptable to the Sovereign Prince of the territory, the said Sovereign 
Prince shall, as early as practicable, give notic? of the same to the archbishop 
or bishop, or to the chapter respectively, that his name may be withdrawn from 
the list of candidates ; and then the archbishop cr bishop, or the chapter 
respectively shall, within four weeks, proceed to the nomination of one of the 
remaining candidates for collation to the deanery, or canonry, or prebend, or 
vicarage, to whom ihe archbishop or bishop shall give canonical institution. 

Filthly. In the archiepiscopal or episcopal seminary, that number of clergy 
shall be instructed and maintained according to the decrees of the Holy Council 
of Trent, as is suitable to the size and requirements of the diocese, and as the 
li.sliop shall judge to be proper. 

Sixthly. There shall be free communication with the Holy See on ecclesi 
astical matters ; and the archbishop in his diccese and ecclesiastical province, as 
well as the bishops, each in his own diocese, shall exercise in full right the 
episcopal jurisdiction which belong* to them according to the canons in f >rce 
and the existing ecclesiastical discipline. And with regard to those things which 
are contained in the present letters, corroborated by apostolic sanction, we 
strictly command that they be and diligently fulfilled and observed 
by the prelates and chapters of the sees in so far as concerns them. And we 
do confidently and gladly expect cf th.- Mo>t Serene Princes, as they are 
animated with treat and lo;ty minds, and intent on promoting the happiness of 
their pecple, that, seeing how far our indulgence has extended in the whole of 
this business, they will daily show themselves more and more benevolent towards 
their Catholic subjects, W .IOHI they will assuredb find at all times closely bound 
to them in fidelity, obedience, and zealous attachment. And we decree that 
these present Letters may not be at anytime opposed or impugned for detects of 
omission, or commi sion, or null ty ; but that they be and remain always firm, 
valid, and effective, notwithstanding any general or sp cial apostolic constitutions 
or ordinances; and not\\ it fasten ding our rules. and those of the Apostolic Chancery, 
and especiallv the maxim " ds jure quans\tt> non /c.7/."/r/o,"and any other matters to 
the contrary, however worthy of especial mention they may be; all and each of 
which, co; s dering the tenor thereof as inseited and expr. ssed word for word, 
and to remain elsewhere in full force, we do for the purpose of the aforesaid 
only, especially and expressly set aside. It is also our pleasure that the cop es 
and also the printed impreisior.s cf the present Britf, when signed by some notary 
public, and sealed with the seal of same person holding ecclesiastical dignity, be 
received with the same credit as oi.U be given to tin s present Brief if it were 
shown or exhibited. Let n;> one, tluvtfoiv, impugn this writing or our con 
cession, appiobation, derogation, statute, mandate, and resolution ; nor let him 
rashly dine to i.ppo;e it ; and if any one shall presume so to do. let him know 

NASSAU, &c. 51 

that he will incur the wrath cf Alm ghty God and of the blessed Peter anl 
Paul, his apostles. 

Dated at Home, at St. Peter s, iii ides April (lltli Apr .l), 1624, the fo irth 
year of our Pontificate. 

(L. P.) 

Inclosure 11 in No. 2. 
Decretum ercctionis tt Circumscriptionis Dioeceseos Limburgensis. 


HUBERTU3 CORDEN, Vicarius Generalis, Decanus Ruralis et 
Paroc-rius Limburgensis ; 

Jacobus Brand, Consiliarius Ecelesiasticus, Decanus Ruralis et 
Paroehus in Weislurchen ; 

Joannes Wilhelmus Bausch, Consiliarius Ecclesiasticus, Decanus 
Ruralis et Paroehus Hadaniariae ; 

A Reverend issi mo Domino Episcopo Evariensi Joanne Baptista de 
Keller in executionfMU lilerarum apostolieartim " Provida solersque" 
Romao decim:> septimo calendas S3ptembris, anno incarnationis millesimo 
octingentesimo vigesimo primo editarum, ab apostolica Sede deputato ad 
infra scripta ereL tionem et eircumscriptionem Dioeceseos Limburgensis 
concernentia, Subdelegati ; 

Clero et universe) populo Catholico Ducatus Nassovici et liberae 
Civitatis Francofurtensis ejusqm territorii s:iluteai in Domino. 

Cum Sanctissimus Dominus inster Pius P. P. VII be:itissima memoriae 
saluberrima Sarenissimi Due-is Nassoviae et aliorum unitorum Principuni 
Gcrmaniae, nempe Regis Wiirtemhergiae, Magni Ducis Badensis, Magni 
Ducis Hassiae et Electoris Hassiae, et libe/ae Civitatis Francofurtensis 
consilia in eorum ditionibus et t"rritoriis tuai existentcs dioeceses de novo 
constituendi, turn novas erigendi cognover.t. praefatas literas apost )licas, 
jamjam s^Drsim promulgatas, a-l erigendam provinciam ecclesiastic-am 
quae consistat Archiepis jj;)a ai Frihurgoasi, ejus:l?m SuffVaganeis sedibus 
episcopalibus nempo: Ijimburgi ad Lahnam, Rottenburgi ad Nicaram, 
Moguntiae et Fiddae, ertidit. 

Cum mandatis Sanctissimi Domini nostri a Reverendissimo Domino 
Episcopo Evariensi subdelegati mine ad erectioaem S^-dis episcopal ra Lim 
burgensis ejusqsie Capit .ili et ad Dio^3S3:>s eplscjpalis circumscriptionem 
procedimus et hisce declaramus : 

Quamlibst jurisdictionem metropolitarum et episcoporum cxterorum 
in fideles Ducatus Nassovici et libsrae Civitatis Francofurtensis omnino 
extinctamet snppressam, templtun an tea collegia turn atrjue parochiale sub 
invocatione Sancti Gaorgii Martyr. s in <-ivitate Limburgensi in ecchsiam 
cathe:lralem Sedemc|uo Kpis jopi cum su:> CapiLul;) erect um ess?, et pleno 
jure in perpetuom existere. 

Huic Sedi Kpiseopali hisco formatas omaei pirochias Catholi -ovum 
et eatholico.s subditos, intra limitss territ >rii Du;-atus Nassovici et liborae 
Civitatis Francofurtensis cxistentes et co;nmorant:s assignamus. Dio^c^sin 
igitur hanc sequantes cfforment parochiaD. 

Nempe quinquaginta 00 to rriatropalitanae Sodi Ratisboa^nsi o im 
subjectae : 

1 , Asmanshausen. 2, BleidenstarfC. 3, D.iisbnch. \, F.ibingen. 5, 
Eltville. G, Erbach. 7, Frau-nsicin. 8. Gjise.ihaim. ( J, H illgarlen. 
10, Hattsnheim. 11, Johannisberg. 12, Kb.lrich. 13, L lr^h. 14, i^ >rch- 
hausen. 15, Mittelh-im. 16, Njlidorf. 17. Nie.LM gbdbac i. IS, Nhder- 
walluf. 10, Obsrwalluf. 20, Oestrich. 21, I resb^rg. 22. Rans?!. 23, 
Rauenthal. 21, Riidssheim. 25, Stephanhausen. 26, Winkel. 27. Ed er- 
sheim. 28, Floersheim. 29, Hattersheim. 30, Hochheim. 31, Hoechst. 
32, Hofheim. 33, Kriftel. 34, Marxheim. 35, Minister. 36, Schwan- 
heim. 37, Sindlingen. 38, Sossenheim. 39, Weiibach. 40, Wi -kert. 
41, Bomin^rsheim. 4 2, Cransbcrg. 43, Cronbsrg. 44, Dornassenh ^iin. 
45, Fischbach. 46, Harheim, 47. Heddernheim. 48 Koenigstein. 49, 


52 NASSAU, &c. 

Neuenhain. 50, Oberhoechstadt. 51, Oberjosbach. 52, Oberursel. 53, 
Pfaffenwisbach. 54, Reifenberg. 55, Schlossborn. 56, Schwalbach. 57, 
;Weiskirchen. 58, Francofurti ad St. Bartholomaenm. 

Porro quinquaginta parochiae et una olim Archidioecesi Trevirensi 
subjectae, videlicet : 

59, Arnstein. 60, Camp. 61, Filsen. 62, Kestert. 63, Schoenau. 
64, Wellmich. 65, Osterspey. 66, Balduiustein. 67, Berod. 68, Cam- 
berg. 69, Dietkirchen. 70/Eisenbach. 71, Elz. 72, Grosholbach. 73, 
Hahn. 74, Haintchen. 75, Hasselbach. 76, Hundsangen. 77, Limburg. 
78, Lindenholzhausen. 79, Meudt. 80, Moellingen et Schoenberg. 81, 
Nentershausen. 82,Niederbrechen. 83, Niedererbach. 84, Niederselters. 
85, Oberbrechen. 86, Salz. 87, Villmar. 88, Weidenhahn. 89, Wers- 
chau. 90, Wirges. 91, Arzbach. 92, Breitenau. 93, Hartenfels. 94, 
Heiligenroth. 95, FlelFerskirchen. 96, Herschbach. 97, Hilscheid. 98, 
Hoehr. 99, Kirchaehr. 100, MarienrachdorF. 101, Montabauret Holler. 
102, Nauort. 103, N iederlahnstein. 104, Nievern. 105. Oberelbert. 106, 
Oberlahnstein. 107, Ransbach. 10S, Spies. 109, Winden. 

Insuper viginti quinque parochiae in iis provinciis, in quibus juris- 
dictio episcopalis vi pacis Westphalicae suspensa erat, nempe : 

110, Caub. Ill, Dillenburg. 112. Elsof. 113, Frickhofen. 114, 
Hachenburg. 115, Hadamar. 116. Hoehn-Schonberg. 117, Idstein. 
118, Lahr. 119, Laufenselden. 120, Marienstadt. 121, Mengerskirchen, 
122, Nastaetten. 123, Niederhadamar. 124, Niederzeuzheim. 125, 
Obertiefenbach. 126, Oberweyer. 127, Offheim. 128, Rennerod. 129, 
Langensch\valbach. 130, Rotzenhahn. 131, Seek et Irmtraut. 132, 
Wehrheim. 133, Weil burg. 134, Wiesbaden. 

Quod vero ad hujus Sedis Episcopalis Limburgensis cum suo Capitulo 
cathedrali, seminarii, aliarumque ad eandem pertinentium institutionum 
pertinet dotationem, cujus proventus annuam summam viginti unius 
miHium sexcentum sex florenorum, seclusis aedibus atque domibus, consti- 
tuunt, aedes, domus, horti, bona, praedia, decimae census, aliique redditus, 
prout in dotationis instrumento ex speciali mandato Serenissimi Ducis 
Nassoviae confecto prop in s designantur et describuntur, Episcopatus 
Limburgensis dotationem conficiunt in perpetuum duraturam. 

Praeter unicuique attributam habitationem liberam, ex hujus 
dotationis proventibus salaria annua sunt adsignata: 


1. Pro mensa Episcopi ... ... ... ... 6,000 

2. Canonico fct Decano ... ... ... ... 2,400 

3. Primo Canonico et parocho Limburgensi ... ... 1,800 

4. Secundo Canonico et parocho Dietkirchensi ... ... 1,800 

5. Canonico simul parocho in Altavilla et Commissario 

Episcopal! ... ... ... ... ... 2,300 

6. Canonicus simul parochus in libera. civicate Franco- 

furtensi, et Commissarius episcopalis annum suum 
ibidem percipit salarium. 

7. Sextus Canonicus p?rcipit ... ... ... 1,800 

Primus Sacellanus ecclesiae cathedralis autem ... 800 
Secundus Sacellanus ... ... ... ... 800 

Reliqui vero dotationis proventus seminario. cancellariae episcopal!, 
administration! tarn ecclesiasticae quam bonorum obveniunt et unice hunc 
in finem in ornne temp us aclhibeantur. 

Postquam tali modo novus Episcopatus Limburgensis cum suo 
Capitnlo una cum circumscriptione suae Diocescos erectus. et a nobis 
erectus et in omne tern pus pleno jure permanens declarutus sit, qnae 
liucusque a Vicariatu archiepiscopali [Jmburgensi exercebatur jurisdictio, 
in novam Sedem episcopalem Limburgensem sum suo Capitulo cathedrali 
transfertur; atque eo die, quo novus Episcopus inthronisatus ejusque 
Capitulum investitum Fuerit, cessahit. 

Cum igitur Reverendissimus Episcopus D. Jacobus Brand a Sanctis- 
simo Domino nostro, Leane P. P. XII. confirmatus, solenniterque conse- 
cartus Fuerit, Clerum catholicum fidelesque totius Oioecesfos Limburgensis 
hortamur, ut cundem episcopum suum legitimum et pastorum animarum, 

NASSAU, &c. 53 

; apostolorumque successorem agncscant, eique, qum debent, reverentiam 
et obedientiam exhibeant. 

In quorum fidem hoc decretum manu propriasubscripsimus, sigilloque 
nostro confirmavimus. Limburgi ad Lahnam die vigesima tertia Novem- 


(L.S.) W. BAUSCH. 


Decree for erecting and defining the boundaries of the Diocese of Limburg. 

WE, Hubert Corden, Vicar- General, Rural Dean and Incumbent of 
Limburg ; 

Jacob Brand, Ecclesiastical Councillor, Rural Dean, and Incumbent of 
Weiskirchen ; 

John William Bausch, Ecclesiastical Councillor, Rural Dean, and Incumbent 
of Hadamar ; 

Deputed to carry into effect the matters hereinafter mentioned relative to 
the erection and demarcation of the diocese of Limburg, by the Very Reverend 
John Baptist de Keller. Lord Bishop of Evara, entrusted by the Apostolic See 
with the execution of the Apostolic Brief, " Provida solersque," dated at Rome 
the 16th August, 1821. 

To the Clergy and all the Catholic people of the Duchy of Nassau, and of 
the Free City of Frankfort and its territory, greeting in the Lord : 

When His Holiness our Lord Pope Pius VII, of happy memory, was 
informed of the very salutary intention of the Most Serene Duke of Nassau and 
other united Princes of Germany, namely, the King of Wurtemberg, the Grand 
Duke of Baden, the Grand Duke of Hesse, and the Elector of Hesse, and the 
Free City of Frankfort, to reconstruct the existing dioceses within their dominions 
and territories, and to erect new ones, he prepared the Apostolic Brief aforesaid, 
which had been already made known separately, for erecting an ecclesiastical 
province, to consist of the archiepiscopal church of Friburg, with the suffragan 
sees of Limburg on the Lahn, Rottenburg on the Neckar, Mayence, and Fulda. 

We being deputed by the Very Reverend Lord Bishop of Evara, pursuant 
to the commands of our most holy Lord the Pope, do now proceed to the erection 
of the episcopal see and chapter of Limburg, and to the demarcation of the 
episcopal diocese, and we hereby declare : 

That all jurisdiction whatever of foreign archbishops and bishops over the 
faithful of the Duchy of Nassau and of the Kree City of Frankfort, is wholly ex 
tinct and suppressed ; and that the former collegiate and parochial church 
dedicated to St. George the Martyr in the city of Limburg, be made a cathedral 
church and bishop s see, with its chapter, and that it remain so in full right for 

To this episcopal see, hereby erected, we do assign all the Catholic parishes 
tand Catholic subjects being and dwelling within the borders of the territory of 
he Duchy of Nassau and Free City of Frankfort. The following paiishes shall 
therefore form this diocese : 

Namely, 58 parishes formerly subject to the archiepiscopal see of Ratisbon ; 

(The names follow.) 

Also 51 parishes formerly subject to the archdiocese of Treves ; 

(The names follow.) 

And moreover 25 parishes in those provinces where the episcopal jurisdiction 
was suspended in consequence of the Treaty of Westphalia; 

(The names follow.) 

And in respect to the endowment of this episcopal see of Limlmrg, v ith its 
cathedral chapter, seminary and other institutions belonging to the same, the 
income of which, not including the buildings and houses, amcunts to the ye; r .y 
sum of 21, 606 florins; the buildings, houses ga den?, estates, farms, tithes, 
rents, and other revenues, as more accurately pointed out and described in the 

54 NASSAU, &c. 

instruments drawn up by especial command of the Most Serene Duke of Nassau, 
constitute the revenue oi the Bishopric of LambuTg, to remain for ever. 

Out of the revenues of this endowment, in arJdition to a rent-free divelling- 
house for each person, the following annual payments are assigned : 


1 . To the Bi>hop - . 6,UCO 

2. To the Canon and Dean - 2,400 

3. To the first Canon and Incumbent of Limbur<>; - 1,800 

4. To the second Canon and Incumbent of Dietkirchen - 1,800 

6. To the Canon who is also Incumbent of Eltville and Epis 

copal Commissary - - 2,300 

G. The Canon and InciiMibent in the Free City of Frankfort, 
and Episc< pal Commissary, receives hi* yearly salary 
in Frankfort. 

7. The sixth Canon receives - l.^OO 
The first cathedral Chaplain receives ... y(JO 
The second Chaplain - 800 

The remaining revenues of. the endowment are to be appropriate:! to 
the seminary, to the episcopal chancery, to the ecclesiastical administration, 
and to that of the estates, and shall be applied solely to these purposes for 

After the new Bishopric of Liinburg, erected in this manner with its chapter 
and the demarcation of its diocese, shall be by us declared to he erected and 
permanent in full right for ever, the jurisdiction which has been hitherto exercised 
by the archiepiscnpal vicariate of Liinburg, is transferred to the new episcopal 
see of Limburg, with its cathedral chapter, and shall cease on that c ay in which 
the new bishop slmll be enthroned, and the chapter invested. Whereas 
therefore the Very Rev. liishop Lord Jacob Brand has been confirmed and 
solemnly consecrated by our Most Holy Lord 1 ope Leo XII, we exhort the 
Catholic clergy and ft.ithlul ot all the diocese of Limhurg, that they acknowledge 
the same to be their lawful bishop and the pastor of their souls, and the successor 
of the Apostles, and that they show to him the reverence and obedience which is 

In testimony whereof we have signed this decree with our own hards, and 
confirmed it with our seal. 

Limburij on t te Latin. November 23, 1S27. 


(L.S.) W. BAUSCH. 

Inclosure 12 in No. 2. 
Ducal Proclamation of January 30, 1830. 

(tc itiifKve unb (jletdjir.i iHKie V 3cflinumtn,i fcr ^eTfy.iltmjv ber Cbcnljemifdjen Jthxftcn- 
jnoiMin unb bnvu ^ir()unuT b.tvcffcnp. ) 

2ir iP t [ f) c I m, von (Motf.S ffinabm f.ntvei\utcr .:rv-M *" ^affan, K. K. 

ftabcn bit reft Uitfcr (5 Ptct .vm 9. Cctotvr 1827*) P:n bte (5 rn ittun.] Per Cljcvrftcintfcftcn 

Jtirc^ciUn v :iMi^ itnb ibvcr funf ^itf)uni;v b.-fr. ffonbcn KiMititen s ^Uf" : " P" ovida 

Bolersque* vein 1(5. ^liuviit 18 : 21 unb A-l domin ci gr gis custodiam" vom 

]1.3(^nl 1827 Unfcv: cncbniti-jiuifi crtl)cilt nub ricfel&cn fur ba^ 23itf)uin 

in JPollyto, in bent ^krjw\t^itm laffon. 

Urn bic 93:rf)altniffe bicfcv StrrilffH^n pfrrn unb 5?i:-tfn"im:v niif^cr unb flle 
git fcetlimmcn, ftaten fcvncv fammtUA: bctbciliflt: 5l?c.^icntnc\cii bie n 
9(nm - Pinini>-it verabrjbct, foiri: tcrcn fortav .firciibc flcnanc a>o[(^e^ttn.} kf.i;loffcn. 
J&emgtmaf tfiun JllM r nunmcbr fun?, uiu veto btrn, line foli^t: 

. 1. Tcv fiit^olifcfccn ,Rivd). % flc^t ba fr.-ti Stfenntnip i()vc3 laitbctts, unb bte 
offmtlicfte 5(uutnin^ i()r: C^ultiiS ,511, unb ftc i\cnicilt a it eft in bt cfcv fiiuftcfct init ben 
onbcrn tin Staafc ojfcntlid) atrrfarmtcn cfiviftlicfti. n ,<vtrcf)cn;]:f, fffdmftcn Oiletdjc !)J:rf}tc. 

. 2. ^cv volt: (;nnp btcf.v ;)?cif to ftcftt affnt fat^olif.tett ^irifcmvinctnben, 
and) ben ctn.jdncu Jtatfioltfen 511, \vdfy: fcitfter tit fctnem ^t6c:faitcvtmnbe 

-) S.e^e o&en fife 32. 

NASSAU, &c. 55 

ftanPcn, @ faun in f;incm bcr often crn,\i()iiten "33t6tl)umcr trcjenb cine 2lrt yon 
fircfclidxr (5 reintiou funftta, jtatt fhiben. 

. 3. 3?b:r 3taat fibt Pic it) in $nfr:r)enbcn luuvranjj. rticfccn $Rcftt$&&rttyt bc3 
d)nc3 nub b:r Cbcrfliifftdjr fiber Pic <fiird)C in ibrem yoHcn Umfaiu]c au. 

. 4. Tic von Dem (Fr^bififof, D:in iMfd>of nnb ben fibrigen fiutlidvai ixborbcn 
an3a,ct)cnPcn afla,emetnen ?lnovpmnu-\en, Stnitfatfan an Pie ciftlid>fcir HUP Tibcefanen, 
bnrd) nxld>c bicfclben $n ctiva-3 ycrbnnbai ivcibcn foUcn, fount and) befottPcre Sfcrfb 
gnitfjat von $M$tigEeft nnt:rlic,}cn Per cncfimignna, PCO 3raatc3, imp fonncn nuv mit 
ber anoPriicflicfrcn SJ.-nKrfnna, Per 6taar$9ttf)ini|ung (Placet) fnnb o,cniad)t ober 
crlaffcn ireibat. 

5lud) fi.Mcfcc aUv^cinciitc fird)ft<fc RaottnungM imp jjjfentltefcc (Svlaffe, tvctc^e rein 
gcifiltd)c :i}enftatib: betreffcn, finb Pen Sraaf^b.-borPcn ^iir Ginft tt or5iil;gen, nnb 
tarn b:rcn JvunPmac^nng crft alSbann crfolojcn, nu iut ba^tt bic ShiatobeunUiijung 
ertf)ci!t jrorbcn ijr. 

. 5. 3(fle riiniifcf):n ^nflcn, ^reven nnb foniligc Grfaffc muffcn, e^c fie fnnb 
gcnuicbt nnb in "Jdtiin-nPnn^ UH rp.-n, Pic fanfr^endtcbt 05:ncl)inti)iuicj cvfjalten, 
nnP f:lbfl far an^cnoinnu ite iMiflcn Paii:rt ifnv v>crbinPcnPc .Hraft nnb it)re utti^feit 
nur fo lamy, at nirfn im Staate ncu:v; ^.-vcrDnitnijcn ctira nnbcvcS ciiu]cfiif)rt 
JtiiP. Tie Staatggene^migung i|l aCvv nict;t nnr fur allc nen cifitcinenPen ^abftlii feen 
2>nl[cn nnb (5enftitutionen, fonbern and) fur aftc frufycru pabftlidn ti ilitovPnnnjcti 
not^irenbio, fotmlP Pain-n ebrand) gcmadu urabat ixnil. 

. (). G bcnfo nnc Pie n?cUlid>cn S)Jiti]liebcr b:r fat()oltfd)en .Rivdjc fte()cn and) bte 
cifttid^cn af>3 Sfaat-ja/noffeit nnfer Pen 05:fel;v:n nnP P.r erid^lstmifeit P;S StaatS. 

8. 7. Tie iMsttnniUT Sv. itiivg, 9J?ain^ Jvntba, fltotteiibnri] nub ?tinbin\} fieften 
in einan s DJetropo[itanv:vtanP % , nnb tn (P:n cie Ctevrtietuiftte fim^m)>rBcm|. Ta Pie 
cr^nfitbflidH- il inP,- anf ben ln)"d)bf(tc(H n 3tnfif yt 5va burij bleibenb ubcrtva^cn ijr, fo 
fkfjt Per bortigc s -J?ifrfof Per ^rovin^ al-3 ^r^bifdjof Vi-r, tin? b:rfclbe bat fid\ bevor er in 
jeine ?(mtS;rric(HHnt]C!t cintrirr, geflcn Pic Oieijiernn^en b;r vevctnten Staatcn in bcr 
(Sicjenf(i)aft alu C^v^Oifdof eiPlid) 511 y.U f/id ten. 

. 8. Tie it)vcv V .J5> ft i minima, gcnta iL i;D.rfK-r^eftef(tc Retn^9UlaMafa^ii0| nnb 
bic ^tueuLntncj P;r Pern @rg6tf^of .^nf^mnu nbat 9}J:iv4u litanvcd .te ftvt;:n untcr bem 
efainmtfd)!!^ Per vcreinten 3taatcn. 

. 9. s J3voviityaln;nL-p:n fonncn nnr mit cuctMniaitna, b;r ivrcintcn Staaten, 
iretd e bcnfelbcu Gommiffure bciorbncn, cjcfcaitcn n v :rPcn. 3u b:n ab^tfjaltenbcn 
<neDaleonfercn^en nn rb Per (?r$fctf&of p iri; jeP:r ^ifd)of, mit cncr)miijnnfl bet 
flveijieruiu^en, ctnen 9&wpCbni4*iftteB abfenben. 

. i(). 3n f.inem $M; fonnai fivdilut: 2treitfad):it Per Jvatfjolifen aiiH;rr)aI6 
ber iM ovin^ nnb vor anSiVarticjen flfiditcvn vert)anb;It ivcr:en. C ? o ivirb Parser in biefer 
i^c^ c(nnii{ in Per s 4>nWn$ Pie nbttn\}c (yinrifbtnncj i^ctroffen ivcrbcn. 

.11. Tie fanf 86t8t^antnr t*r Cberrtn inifiten vRircbctun ovMnj ftnb in enui^eit 
ber fcjtejefe^en ))Jei]:t r\cbi(b:t, ban fid) Pie r.-n^n Per Ttoc:f:n anf bic rcnjca Per 
Staaten, fur n.i:Ict)e fBi^ftmn t finb, crirrccf:n, 

. \2. (?ine jcbe Tioc fc ift in Ti eanafcCv^tif: eiiu]crt)ei(t, beren Uuifang fo viel 
mit jenem b r Bfcrwaltun^bejirfe fib reiniltmmat pott. 

. 13. Tic .Rntfiolifen, weld): fciifycr in feiiiem, ob:r mit eiuem eiftlidjcn 
nnbaxr C ? onfefiton im ^fanveibanD: jianb.i:, irciben ein;v ber im ^i0t()inn beflcr);nDeit 

. 14. Tie tn fd)6f(id)cn <2tuf)fc in tcr ^royin^, f^iric Pic Gtcftcn bcr Torn* 
ca^itnUircn werPai fammtltd) Pnrd) Pi: nad} Per Doi^c|^ri(fteaai ^oun uorjuitc^nicnbc 
ill : aH Ivfejjt. 

. 15. 3 inn ^Bifd)of fannnuv ein eifllid):r a,cuv ^It ircr^cn, ivc(d)er ein Tcntfd)et 
uon ehut nnb Staatob firmer bc3 2taat^, w:rin fut Per crlePi^te ^-ifdjof-jfig bcfinbet, 
ober cine3 bcr Staaten ift, tv.litc fid) 5:1 Picfer Tioe fe ivreini^t tjabcn. Jiebft Pen 
borgefdirie&rani canontfcfecn C^iflcnfrfjaftett ifr crf:rbcrli.f, bap cntiiH-p.-r bie 
(Scelf.T^e, ein ^etiraint, oba- fouff cine off.ntlidic St:U: mit sPerPienft nub 
9tii^eidnHtncs :rwaltet r)ab:, fonn e and) Per inllnbifd^cn Staatc^ nn: Jvird;enverfaffnng, 
bcr i-fel^e nnb C^inrid-tnii^en fnnbi.-j fey. 

. 1G. Tcr :u\il)lte f>at fti) alMmlb nad) b:r Saht ro:gcn b:r Confirmation an 
ba Cba-fiaitvt ba - .fit idx yi ifenben. S?or ber SoafrcrnrioR le^t berfelbc in Pa- (yigciu 
fdjaft at 3 S 2?ifd;of Pen (Jib ber 5 rcnc itno be3 ef;:rfamc- in Pie .d. inPc bc5 gaytotipnn ab. 

8- 17. 9fad) ertanjta- Gonfceratton tritt per ^ifdiof iu Pi: yolfc 3(n3nbung bcr 
mit bcm (FpiSci^at verbunbnien flleebte nnb I fd duai, nnb Pie JlJc.y crinu-jcn nvvPcn nid;t 

er, bafj cr Partn i]e()ir,bert iverbe, vi tmefir uvrbc-i fie itni frafti\i babci fd)uen. 

. 18. Tioccfanf^nebai fonnca V.MU s i ! ifd):f, ivcnu fie niitt)!,] eraiytet 

To NASSAU, &c. 

nur mit (SJencftmigung bc3 anbc3b,errn jufamtnen berufen unb tm 93cifetyn 
hen-fitter Gcmmiffaricn gebalten ipcrben. ie barin gefafjteu 23efd;Iitffe unterltegen bet 
Btaata,mtb,migung nacb Sflapgabe ber in ben . 4 uno 5 fcjrgcfcfcten s -J3efHntmungen. 

. 19. 9htt ber @tjtff(|of, s tfcpof unb ber SBfSt^um8etnfer jtefyen in alien bte 
fird)(iebe QSeripaltung bctreffenbcn cgcnftanbcn in fvcicr Herbinbuncj mit bem Cberr)auVtc 
ber .Sink ; jebod) muff en biefelben bic attS bem Sftetropolitaittoerbanbe t)crtoorgeb,enben 
"Serfulrniffc jcbciMctt bcrudftdnigen. 2ffle ubrigcn iMbccfangcifHidJen baben fid; in aflen 
fird>lid>cn SUiadfaeidjeiteR nuv an ifyrctt 93ifd)of (@r$btfdjof j ,511 nxnben. 

. 20. 3u TomcabiHtlarftellen fbnnen mtr SifcefangeifHu^e gelangen, irieldje 
Spricfrcr, brcipig 3<tbre air unb tabeifcfen il ; anbcl ftnb, sorjiujltdjc t^cologifrf>e Heimtnifie 
beftcn, cntipebcv bie Scelforge, ein afabcmifdjeS Se^ramt, ober fonjl eine offentiid)c Stette 
unt 5jin^eid)nuug ycvivaltet fyaften, unb mit ber ?anbeSi>erfaffuug genau fccfannt ftnb. 

.21. .a Somcaipitel einer jcben (Satl)cbralfivd;e tritt in ben ttolfen ffl>irfungS 
frei3 bet SpreSbtyterten, uub bitbet uutev bem 33tfd>of bie oberfte 93cta>attungbe^brbe bet 
3)ioccfe. 2)cr Tecan fut;rt bie Direction. 

. 22. 5, aren ober Slbgafccn, on iveldier 2lrt fte and; fe^n, unb n?ie fie aud) 
91amen ftaben mbgen, biivfen iteber lion inlaubifd)en nod; aitlanbifd)en geiftlid^cn S i3ct)brben 
ertiobeu irevben. ^te dv()cbung sou (Si^cbitionegebii^ren ^angt in jebcm Staat toon 
ber Iaubefierr[td)cn ^cfttmmung at. 

. 23. te ^ceanatc irerbcn untcr gcmcinfc6aftltd)em inserpnbntffe ber 

rung8 uub Infdibfiidicn 3?cfybrben mit jpurbtgcn ^forrtm, iveld;e aud? in a^crwal* 

gtfc^fiften geiitt ftnb, befejjt. 

. 24. Sic iJecane flub bie unmitteltiareu fird)lid>cn 93ora,efet}ten ber in i^ren 
c^irfcu cmgcjietttcn eifiltd?eu. ie haben uOer bie gceigncten egenjtanbe 
an bie Olegtentngcn unb tnfd)bf(id>en S i3ef)brben gu berid)tcn, unb bie ifjnen toon bat)er 
^uge^cubcn il>cifititgcn 511 tooti^ie^cn. (Sine eigene 3itftvttction jeid;net i^nen ben .Rrei3 
ibrcr ^Imtewivffanifctt tor. 

. 25. Sin jeber ber ixretntcu taaten anrb, n:o biefcg nid)t bereitS flatt ftnbet, 
fur bie f $uxrfmaJ5ia,e Q3ilbung ber (Sanbtbateu bc3 fat^olifd;en geiftltd;en taubes babttrd) 
forgcn, ba cntwcbcr eine fatfiolifd^i^cologifi^; ?ef)vanftalt cn id)tet unb al^ gacultiit mit 
ber SJanbeSuntoerftt&t crctntgt irerbe, ooer bap bic (lanbtbaten nbt(;igcufan^ au^ bem 
attgemcincu fatf)olifd)C ^ivcfcenfonbS ber SMbcefe uuterftitt iverbeu, um cine auf biefe 
2(rt ctngertd>tctc Umwerfltat in ber 5proinj befudjeu jit fbttueu. 

.26. Sic (lanbtbatcn be3 gctftlid)en tanbe3 wcrbcn, uad; tooHcnbctcn breija^* 
rigcn tf>cologtfd>cn Stttbicn, din Saforiin s i!rieftetvSemtuar 511111 5practtfd;en ber Scelforge 
nu^gcbiloet unb jwar in forceit unentgclblid), al^ bie in ben 1)otationourfunben fiir bie 
eminarten auSgcfcfcten Summeu jurcid)en. 

. 27. 3n ba^ emtitar uun ben nur btejeuigcn danbibaten aufgenommcn, u.ield)e 
in einer burd) bie Staat^* unb bifd;bf(id)en 23c()5rben geiueiitfd;aftlic^ toor,5une{;menben 
^rftfuiu] gut beftanben unb ^ttr vlangung be3 lanbesf)evrlid;en ^ifd;titelS, ber i^nett 
untcr otnger SorauSfeftung crti)cilt ivirb, nnirbig hefnnben worben ftnb. 

. 28. X cr lanbe^errlid)e ;Iifd)titel gibt bie urfunblidje aScvftd)crung, ba^ im 
eintretcnben %al(c ber ntcftt v>crfd;iilbctcn Tienftunfatn gfeit, ber bem gci|llid?en Stanbe 
angcmcffcnc Untcrftalt, ivofur ein ilVttttmum toon jabrltd; 3 bi^ 400 f(. feftgefegt nn rb, 
foifie bic bcfonbcre S^crgutung fur ft\\\t unb ^flcgfoften fubftbiarifd; iverbe gclcifict 
icerbeu. 9?on bent ^ttulatcn fonn nur bann ein billigcr (Srfa gcforbcrt ivcvbcn, ipenn 
er in bcffcre ^eriiibgenSuinft inbe fommt, ober in ber olge eine $fc&nbc erf)alt, ioeld;c 
metyr ale bic Gongrua abiuirft. 

. 2 ( J. 3 jeber Tibcefe ictrb jiifyrlid) toon einer burd) bie SraatS* unb btfd)bf(id)en 
^et)ovbcn cjcmetnfd)aftlid) anjuorbnenben (Somnitffton eine (Soncitrsprufung mit bcnjenigen 
<SJctftltdicn toorgenouimcu, Jteld;e ^u cuter 4>farrei ober ju fonjl einer ^ird>eu).ifrunbc 
befovbert 511 ifcrbcn nnutfd)en. 3u biefcr i|riifung ivcrbcn nur GkifHtdje jugclaffen, 
ir;eld;e ifcnigficn3 jifci 2itl)re (aitt] in b:r Seclforgc al3 ^>iilfc pricftcr angcflcUt iparen, 
unb gnte Scugniffe it)rer SPorgefe^ten iibcr it>ren Jlintubel toorlcgcn. 

. :-iO. ^ic in Bdge btcfer grafting ftd> crgtbcnbe (Slafftfication ifirb bet 
funftigcn S 3efbrberungen be^ cyritftcu beriufftd>tigt. 

. 31: (Sbenfo nn rb eine (Slaffetteintfydlung ber $farreien unb fonftigen ,1Tird;en* 
pfrunben nad) bem rabc ibrer fi>id)tigfeit unb i()reg @rtrag gcferttgt, bamit and) bte 
$>atronc, welche nur ^ibcefangeiftlicbe ^rafentiren fbmtcn, tl;re StuSioabl t;iernad; 
cinjurid)tcn toermbgen. 

. 3.\ ^ctn eiftltdicr famt ju glcid;er Beit ^ivet J?ird)enfrunbcn, bcren cine 
jebe bie (iongrua evtragt, beft^en, toon uicld)cr 2trt fie aud) fei;cn, unb unfer ii>cld;em 
Sonvanb e3 a:td> gcfcbeben ivolle. din jcber mitp an bem <2ie fcincr ^fruiibe rcobnen 
unb fann ftcb nur mit Gvlaubnip auf cinigc 3" it von berfelben cntfcrnen. 

NASSAU, &c. 57 

. 33. Jtcin (ScifHtcfccr fanu olnte Ginunffigung feineS Sanbe3f)crrn 2Burbcn, 
$enfton, Crben ober C?brcntitcl fon Slnsnjattigcn annefynicn. 

. 34. Scber etftlktc nnvD, fewer cr btc ftrcfyltcbe 3nfrttttttmi erfjalr, bent 
Cberb,au:t>te bc3 <2taatc3 ben Cap Der .Ircuc afelegcn, bent iMfcbof afeer ben canontft^en 
efyorfam gclofecn. 

. 35. Tcr Staat gcivafirt ben eiflltcbcn jebe ^ur (Srfuttung ifyrcr 28eruf3gefcf?afte 
erforberltcfye gcfefclidje UnterfKitjima, intD fctn igt ftc in bent @cmip Der tfyrcr QlmtSanvrDe 
getrnfyrcnbctt Slcfctnng unb QUic^ctcbmtng. 

. 36. Sen eifHtcbcn, fciinc Den SBcltltcfecn feletfet, \vo immer etn 3)?tfjbrauc(> 
ber geiiiltcben eiualt gegen ftc ftatt ftnDet, ber 9tecnt3 an Die yance^feeborDen. 

. 37. tc SSetttXtltunggnxife Dcr fur ben fetfcfcbfitcben Siid>, bag Xomca^itel unb 
Seminar angcn:iefencn Tctatiouen. foiinc bc3 bent dr^tfcfiof bcfttmnuctt ^cttragis irnrb 
jeber <toat nacfc fcincr SScrfaffung itnb Den btcrutcr fecftcbenDen 2>orf(f)rtften anorbnen. 

. 38. Tie uter Dcr fatboltfckn J?trd;eni)fnniDen, foirie aflc allgcmcinen unD 
befonDern t ircfelicbcn JvoitD^ wcrccn unter SOJttaufficbt Deg Stfi^ofS in ib^rer ffioUilanbtgfeit 
er^altcn, nnD fbnncn aitf fetnc SOcifc 511 anbern, al fatboltfcb -fircfeltcfccn 3werfen 
benrenbet lucrDcn. Tie (Songrua ber SPfatttofrimten foil, ivo biefe Jveniger alS 500 big 
600 gutben crtragcn, nacb unD nac^ anf biefe innme crf>obt iccrben. Tie Qkriraltmu] 
ber nieDcru JltrcfccnpfrunDcn nnrb in Den <anben ber 9Jnfentc^ cr, itelcfee ftc^ b^ierfcet nad) 
ben in jcDcm 3taate fecfte()enben S5orfitriftcit ju ricbten baben, gcfaffcn. 

. 39. 3n jcbcm ber ixreinten Staaten, IPO cS noc^ ntcfct gefcficftcn tjr, nn rD 
foBalo als tb" ttnlicb cut a((gemctncr fat^olifcbcr ^ircbcnfonbs gcbilDct, aus ivclcbcm fofi^e 
ifatboltfc^jftrc^ltcbc SBeburfnt ffe auc biilf^iretfc 511 bcftreitcn ftnb, 511 beren ^BcfrteDtgnng 
SRicntanD cine gcfcbltcbc ffiertnnDlictfett bat, ober feine SWtttcl i:orbanben ftnb. 

3nbcm bnrcb bicfc anf Die OJec^tc beS Staat3 nnb Die aSerfaffinu] Dcr rat()olifcben ^irc^c 
gegrunbctc (Stnrid>tttng, ivelcbe von ben nut Uns ticretnten OJccu crungen nacbDrucfttc^ 
anfrec()t er^altcn ifcrbcn nnrD, fur Die unnnterferocbene 23efettng ber cr,^ unb btfcboflicben 
@tub,le, unb fur bte ungefibrtc Qdtsubnng ber benfd&cn jujte^enben Sefugntffe in ber 
Dfeertfyetnifdjcn ^ircbcnproiMit^ fttr atte 3ufunft Sorgc getragen iforben tji, ftnb SBir 
ber Uefeer^eugnng, Unfcrn fatbolifcftctt llntertfianen ben fprcdbcnbftcn eictg Unfcrcr 
Ianbcatcrlici)cn gitrforgc gegcbcn \\i futfeen. 

egcfecn in Unfcrm RefU^mjf^Ioff* ju iebri^, ben 30. januar 1830. 
(L.S.) 2B i I ij e I m. 

vdt. grcicrr t>on 3Jiar(oII. 


(Relating to the more particular and uniform regulation of the position of the 
Church Province of the Upper Rhine and its bishoprics.) 

WE, William, by the grace of God, reigning Duke of Nassau, &c., have, 
by our Edict of 9tii October, 1827,* given our assent to the Papal Bulls, 
"Provida solersque," of the 16th August, 1821, and "Ad Dominici gregis 
custodiam," of llth April, 1827, relative to the establishing of the Church 
Province of the Upper Rhine, and its five bishoprics, and permitted those bulls 
to be put in force in the duchy with reference to the bishopric of Limburg. 

In order that the relation of this church province and the bishoprics be more 
definitively and uniformly determined, all the administrations interested therein 
have furthermore agreed upon the following regulations, and resolved that 
henceforward, the same are to be strictly observed. We therefore make known 
and ordain as follows : 

1. The Catholic Church is entitled to the free acknowledgment of its 
creed and to the public exercise of its divine service ; and in reference thereto it 
enjoys equal rights with the other Christian ecclesiastical communions which are 
publicly acknowledged by the State. 

2. All Catholic Church communions are entitled to the full enjoyment of 
these rights, as likewise all individual Catholics which hitherto have not been 
connected with any diocese. Henceforward no ecclesiastical exemption of any 
kind can exist in any of the above-mentioned bishoprics. 

3. Ever)- State exercises its inalienable prerogatives of protection and 
superintendence over the Church, to its full extent. 

* Vide above, page 32. 


58 NASSAU, &c. 

4. The general regulations and charges to the clergy and diocesans, which 
are issued by the archbishop, the bishop, and other ecclesiastical authorities, 
laying certain injunctions upon the former, as well as particular directions of 
importance, must have the assent of the State, and cannot be promulgated or 
issued without the express mention of the State s assent (placet). 

Also those general ecclesiastical regulations and public notices which have 
reference to purely ecclesiastical matters are to be submitted to the inspection of 
the authorities of the State, and their promulgation cannot take place until the 
consent of the State has been given thereto. 

5. All Roman bulls, briefs, and other notifications must receive the 
Sovereign s assent prior to their being promulgated and acted upon ; and even 
with regard to those bulls to which the assent has been given, their obligatory 
power and validity lasts only so long as the State shall not ordain something 
different by new enactments. The assent of the State is, moreover, requisite 
not only for all Papal bulls and constitutions which appear for the first time, 
but likewise for all prior Papal regulations whenever any application is to be 
made thereof. 

6. In the manner in which lay members of the Catholic Church are 
subject to the laws and jurisdiction of the State, in the same manner also the 
clergy are subject thereto. 

7. The Bishoprics of Friburg, Mayence, Fulda, Rottenburg, and Limburg, 
form a metropolitan union, and constitute the Church province of the Upper- 
Rhine. The dignity of an archbishopric being conferred permanently on the 
episcopal See of Friburg, the bishop of the latter place presides, therefore, as 
archbishop over the province ; and the same, before he enters upon his function, 
shall swear allegiance to the Governments of the collective States, in his capacity 
as archbishop. 

8. The re-established metropolitan institution, in conformity with its 
purpose, and the exercise of the metropolitan rights belonging to the archbishop, 
stand under the joint protection of the several States. 

9. Provincial synods cannot be held without the consent of the collective 
States, who appoint Commissioners to the same. To the synodal conferences 
which shall be held, the archbishop as well as every bishop, shall, with the 
consent of the Government, appoint a Plenipotentiary. 

10. Ecclesiastical disputes of Catholics can in no case be tried out of the 
province, and before foreign judges. In regard to this, therefore, the necessary 
arrangements will be made in the province. 

11. The five bishoprics of the Church province of the Upper Rhine are 
formed in conformity with the established rule, viz., that the boundaries of the 
dioceses correspond with the boundaries of the States for which bishoprics have 
been founded. 

12. Each diocese is divided into deaneries, the extent of which is to 
correspond, so far as practicable, with that of the administrative district. 

13. Those Catholics who hitherto have been connected with no Church 
communion, or with a clergyman of a different persuasion, shall be connected 
with one of the parishes of the bishopric. 

14. The episcopal sees in the province, as well as the canonries, shall all 
be filled up by election, according to the prescribed form. 

15. No ecclesiastic can be elected to the episcopal dignity, but one who 
is a German by birth, and a subject of the State to which the vacant episcopal 
see belongs, or of one of those States who are united to the diocese. In addi 
tion to the prescribed canonical qualifications, it is requisite that the same person 
have administered, with merit and distinction, the cure of souls, an academical 
professorship, or some other public function ; as also that he be acquainted 
with the political and ecclesiastical constitution of his country, and with its laws 
and institutions. 

16. The elected individual shall after the election apply forthwith for 
confirmation to the Head of the Church. Prior to the consecration he shall 
in his capacity of bishop take the oath of allegiance and obedience to the 

17. After having received consecration, the bishop enters upon the full 
exercise of the rights and duties attached to the episcopate, and the Government 
will not allow him to be obstructed in the same, but will effectually protect him 

NASSAU, &c. 59 

$ 18. Diocesan synods, when deemed necessary, cannot be convened with 
out the consent of the Sovereign, and shall he held in the presence of Govern 
ment Commissioners. The resolutions passed at the same shall he submitted 
to the State for assent, according to the rules laid down in sections 4 and 5. 

19. None other than the archbishop, bishop, and episcopal vicegerent, 
stand in immediate connexion with the Head of the Church in regard to all 
matters touching the ecclesiastical administration ; they must, however, always 
be guided by their position in the archiepiscopal connexion. All the other dio 
cesan clergy must apply in all church matters to their bishop (archbishop) 

6 20. Canonries can only be obtained by diocesan divines who are priests 
of the age of 30 years and of a blameless course of life, possessing superior 
theological knowledge, and having exercised with distinction either the cure of 
souls, an academical professorship, or some other public function, being also 
intimately acquainted with the constitution of their country. 

21. The chapter of every cathedral enters fully into the sphere of action 
of the presbyteries, and constitutes under the bishop the chief administrative 
authority of the dioceses. The dean has the presidency. 

22. Neither taxes nor imposts of any kind or name are allowed to be 
levied either on domestic or foreign ecclesiastical authorities. The levying of 
office-dues depends in each State on the regulation of the Government. 

23. The deaneries are to be filled up in mutual understanding between 
the governmental and episcopal authorities, by deserving incumbents accus 
tomed to administrative affairs. 

24. The deans are the immediate ecclesiastical superiors of the incum 
bents within the districts of their deaneries. They shall report to the Govern 
ments and the episcopal authorities on matters of import, and shall follow the 
instructions which they receive from those quarters. The sphere of their 
functional agency is pointed out them by a distinct instruction. 

25. Each of the collective States will provide, where it has not already 
been done, for the proper training of the candidates for the ecclesiastical 
profession, either by founding a catholic theological academy, to be connected 
as a faculty with the University of the country, or, if needful, by assisting the 
candidates out of the general Catholic church funds of the dioceses, in order that 
they may be enabled to proceed to a university, thus constituted, in the 

20. The candidates for the ecclesiastical profession, after having com 
pleted a triennial term of theological studies, will be trained for one year at the 
seminary for priests in the practice of the cure of souls, which training they 
receive gratuitously, so far as can be afforded by the funds determined in the 
deeds of endowment for the seminaries. 

27. Those candidates only will be admitted to the seminary who have 
satisfactorily passed the joint examination by the Governmental and episcopal 
authorities, and have been found deserving of the Government s board-allowance 
which is granted to them on the above supposition. 

28. The Government board-allowance serves as a recorded security for 
receiving, in case of unavoidable unh tness for service, the auxiliary maintenance 
stipulated for the ecclesiastical profession (congrua), for which a minimum of 
from 300 to 400 florins per annum has been fixed, as also the separate allow 
ances for expenses during illness. The boarder cannot be asked for a reasonable 
compensation until he is in better circumstances, or until he obtains a benetice 
which yields more than the stipulated income. 

29. A commission appointed jointly by the Governmental and the epis 
copal authorities is to institute yearly a competing examination of those clergy 
men who wish to be promoted to a curacy, or to some other church benefice. 
To this examination such of the clergy only will be admitted as have officiated at 
least for two years as assistants in the cure of souls, and who can show good 
testimonials from their superiors with regard to their course of life. 

30. The classification resulting from this examination shall be taken 
into consideration on any future promotion of the individual examined. 

$31. A classification shall in like manner be made of the curacies and 
other church benefices, according to the degree of their importance and revenue, 
in order that the patrons, who alone can propose clergymen of the diocese, may 

determine their choice accordinglv. 


60 NASSAU, &c. 

32. No ecclesiastic is allowed to hold, at one and the same time, two 
church livings, each of them being of the stipulated income (congrua), of what 
ever description they may be, and under whatever pretence pretended to be done. 
Everyone must reside on the place of his benefice, and it is only on permission 
that he can be absent from it for any time. 

33. No clergyman, without the consent of his Sovereign, is allowed to 
accept any dignities, pension, orders, or honorary titles from any foreign party. 

84. Every clergyman, prior to receiving the ecclesiastical appointment, 
shall swear allegiance to the head of the State, and make his vow of canonical 
obedience to the bishop. 

$ 35. The State grants to the clergy every legal support requisite for fulfil 
ling the duties of their vocation, and protects them in the enjoyment of the 
respect and distinction due to the dignity of their office. 

36. Clergymen as well as laymen, whenever they suffer from the abuse of 
the ecclesiastical power, may have recourse to the authorities of Government. 

37. The management of the endowments for the bishop, chapter and 
seminary, as also the contribution destined for the archbishop, will be ordered 
by each State according to its constitution and to existing regulations. 

38. The estates of the Catholic Church benefices, as well as all general 
and particular church funds, shall be maintained in their integrity, under the 
joint supervision of the bishop, and in no way can they be applied to any other 
but Catholic ecclesiastical purposes. Whenever the stipulated income (congrua) 
of the livings is less than from 500 to GOO florins, it shall be gradually raised to 
that sum. The administration of the low r er church benefices will be left in the 
hands of the holders, who shall conform therein to the regulations in force in 
each State. 

39. In each of the collective States, where this has not yet been done, a 
general Catholic Church fund shall be provided as soon as practicable, from 
which those requirements of the Catholic Church shall be supplied, in the way 
of aid, for the providing of which no one is legally bound, or for which no means 

Provision having been made by means of the foregoing Regulations, 
based upon the rights of the State and the Constitution of the Catholic Church, 
and to be effectually maintained by the Governments united with us, to secure 
for all future times, in the church province of the Upper Rhine the uninter 
rupted filling up of the archiepiscopal and episcopal sees, and the undisturbed 
exercise of the rights to which they are entitled, we are convinced that we have 
thereby given to our Catholic subjects the strongest proof of our paternal 

Given in our Castle of Biebrich, the 30th January, 1830. 


(Countersigned) BARON DE MARSCHALL. 

Inclosure 13 in No. 2. 

(T)tc Spvoclamattonen imb (Sttfycthmg bet gctfHtcfjcn Stmtffottaltcn fcerreffenix) 

fn erbci aovwaltenbc 3weifd imb itbicctcfjungcn 511 fccfcttigcn imb cine bent 3 cecf 
cntftvecfccnbc allgcmcmc s JRorm cmjufuljren, wirb tin ($itti>erfi&tttoufj ber getftltcfpen 
i^cftermi foIgcnbcS fcefttmmt : 

1) 2>te ^proclamation mufi an bcnjentgnt rtcn gefdjelKn, wo jebeS bev Bctben 
SSerlotUen fetnen fcften iBof)itft^ fyat, baS (jctfjt, ir<o ftc ai Untcrtbancn imb (Smgcbur? 
gette angefcfcen loerbm ; e tjl bte alfo fur, melcfyc nod; fctn fcltftftiinbtgeiJ 
3}uvgcmdjt cvworkn tyalxn, ntcfa ftctS tfyt @etnttt0ort, fonbcrn bcv 2Bof)njt^ tftrct 
(Sltcvn. te ^reclamation an btefcm Cvte atlctn aenugt auct) alsbaun, u>enn bte 
DCtlofcte Sperfon ftcfj jirar in bet naofcjtoorfycrgcfKnbcn 3ctt utcfct DafclOft, abcr and; an 
foment anbern Cvtc ftanbiq aufge^altcn, fonbcvn tfn-cn 5lnfentf)att gcwecfcfelt I)at. 

2) at ber 2lufcntljaft aupcvf)alb bc^ fcften iiu>I)n|lc, waftrenb ber ndcbfl vovf)er 
gcgangcnen jiuct 3atre nifyt gewc^fclt, fo inu^ ncbcn jencr S 4>vcciamatton au^ nocf> cine 

NASSAU, &c. 61 

folcfje an btefem tcntyordrcn 5htfcntr;alt3orte vorgcnommcu ivcvbcn. <ietnad) fmb 
inSbefonbcve btc franbttxrfSgdj&Iftn, bad eftnte :c. ;u fccuvtheilcn. 

3) Tic tev icrcfreltcftung gciL oftnltcb fuq iwftcr gchentcn bura,crlid>cn Shtfnafintcn 
fceatunben nod) fctnc xHCnmcfcunej von Den tHnlicrgckntcn Seftonmungm, fonbern bte 
^reclamation an bcm sortgcn fcjlen iofmut3 tft crft attaint luuterftia,, iiKim Me 
fcuvgerltdie 3lufnafimc an bcm ncitcn ii>ormortc fcfton ctn o(lco oafn- vor Ccv Scrckliduma, 
gcfdJdjm ifh 

4) 2>ie ^rocfamattoncn irte fciokr tnrcb ten juftanttgcn ifarvcr von Dcr 
^aiujcl, jctod) nicftt fdmcUcr aid nut Snnfcfeenraumcn iton acfct .Taijcn, Dao twin an tvctcn 
narf) ctnanbcr fotcjeubcn Sonntagcn; fadcit ^tcrOet bte Eftcrn, S 4$ftm3ftoi niiD iLnnhnac^tcn 
ctn, fo foil tic proclamation nicbt am crftcn, fonbcrn am yin-ttcn S ctcrta^e, alfo 3)Jontag8 
orgcnommcn lucrbcn. 

5) S rfi nacb bcm bvtttcn Qtuf^cbotc, obcr tct crivtvftcr Ttc^cnfatton nac6 2Ba$g*6e 
bcrfelbcn, ftnb tic i]cijt[td)cn 2;imt|Tovtalicn 511 crtftdlen. iL cnn afttt nacb pos. 2 etne 
jicctfad)e ^reclamation jjorcjcnommcn ivcrtcn nntfj, tcrcn 9h>t$ttKnbfgfttt na6 tcv otn^cn 
aSorfcfcrtft, tcv copntivcntc otct btmirttrcnbe ^fancr ]\i bcurtkilcn ^at, fo nnrt ubcr 
ttefc nut cine ^efcf>cini^nnc\ cvtbeilt, tie ^imiffton ^ur antcTOcitigcn 

fcrtigt nnr bet "pfavrer teg fcftcn il ; olinft6c pos. 1. anS. 

6) ^tefe 9>orfcf)riftcn ftnb foivohl, ivenn ^ircibe jnlanbev ftnb, als ivcnn cut 

au bent ^erjoijthum ftcfc in bas Slnslant ycrkirathct, 511 bcobacbtcn. SoKte cut au3 
bcm Slu^tanb in bac- <0cv;ogthiim ft eft vctftctvatftcnbc - ikrfon ten oben gcgcbcncn 
aSorfcftriftcn au bcm runb ntcftt vollftanbtg entfprccftcn Ibnncn, luetl bie ausiravttgcn 
efe^e anterc Scftimmnngcn cntfialtcn, fo gcnugt em be^ftalbigc^ 3engniij nnb bte 
imtfftton beS bctvcffcntcn *ifavrcrs. 

iBtc^babcn, ten 16. Sc^temOer 183G. 

b 1 1 c r. 

vdt. o u SB e v g. 


On the Publication of Banns and the granting of Ecclesiastical Permits of 

Marriage (Dimissorialien). 

THE question as to the places where banns are to be published for persons 
who wish to be married, and where letters of permissal are to be granted, has 
not hitherto been decided on uniform principles. In order to obviate any 
prevailing doubts and deviations on this subject, and to establesh a general rule 
answering the proposed end, the following Regulations have been settled in 
accordance with the spiritual authorities. 

The banns must be published in those places where each of the two persons 
betrothed has a fixed abode ; that is to say, where they are considered as subjects 
and as denizens; consequently, with regard to those who have not yet attained 
the rights of citizenship in their own persons, it is not always their birth-place, 
but the abode of their parents. The publication in that place alone will be 
sufficient, in cases where, though the betrothed party has not resided there during 
the time immediately preceding, he has not resided constantly in any other place, 
but has been moving about from one place to another. 

2. If the place of abode other than the fixed domicile has not been changed 
during the two years immediately preceding, then, in addition to publication 
there, another publication of banns must be made at this temporary abode. 
This rule refers particularly to artisans, servants, &c. 

3. The acquisition of the right of citizenship, which generally precedes the 
marriage with a short interval, does not cause any deviation from the foregoing 
Regulations ; and the publication of banns at the former fixed domicile can only 
be dispensed with when the acquisition of the citizenship at the new abode has 
taken place a whole year previous to the marriage. 

4. Banns are published as hitherto by the competent clergyman from 
the pulpit, but at intervals not less than a week ; that is to say, on three con 
secutive Sundays. If Easter, Whitsuntide, and Christmas fall upon those days, 
then the banns are not to be published on that day, but on the Monday. 

5. The ecclesiastical permission shall not be given until after the third pub 
lication, or on obtaining a licence in lieu thereof. If, however, according to 

62 NASSAU, &c. 

pos. 2, a double publication has to be made, the necessity for which will be 
decided, according to the above regulation, by the clergyman who has to perform 
the ceremony, or to issue the permissory brief, in that case only one certificate will 
be given for the purpose, the licence to be married in another place being only 
granted by the clergyman where the domicile is fixed, according to pos. 1. 

C. These Regulations shall be observed not only when both parties are 
natives of this country, but likewise if one party marries from the duchy into a 
foreign countrv. Where a party belonging to a forei country, marrying into 

O v O -J W * . O 

the duchy, should not be able to conform wholly to the above Regulations, on 
account of the opposing provisions of the laws of that country, in such case an 
attestation to that effect and the licence of the respective clergymen will 

Wiesbaden, September 16, 183G. 

The Ducal Government, 
(Signed) MOLLER. 

Inclosure 14 in No. 2. 
Edict of August 31, 1803. 
ie rdngen bee 2anbef;m-Hrf)en unb 23ifd;6f(icben ett>alt betveffenb. 

Sfiir gricbrid) Sluguft, ton otte? nafcen, gfirft ju 2tnffnu u. f. to. u. f. \v. 

fiigen 311 h>iffen : baft, ba tic cbemal in ten gdftlidicn Graatcn beftantcne 2>crcinigung bcr SanbeS-- 
bcrdid)cn tint !8ifd)5flid)en eroalt in einer unt> berfdben *perfon, bic forgfciltige Scftimmitng bee 
Wra iMcn itoifd cn be;t bcitcrfcitigcn JBcfugniffcn tnn fo toenigcr noting nud)te, n(6 cbcn ticfcrbalb 
GodtjioitiffiOt nidit Ici^t cintrctcn, tie griftlidjen Siegtntcn babcr aucb eft uncntfdiicben laffen fonnten, 
in toddier Pigenfdmft fie ered)tfcimc ansiibten tint 2>crfitgtingcn cdiefcn, eo abcr nuumcbr nad) 
erfolgtcr Jtcnniniii bicfcr cumlten in ten 5tic Gntfdjeitmtg nngciuicfcncn iJanben, jon>ol)l bie 
Drbnung ter efdiaftc als* tic Sidicrting bcr tocdifclfeitifjcn 9(edite crprtcit, jcne O^ran^linic gcniiu jti 
bejcid}nen unb alien Hciditljciligcn EoHifionm unb Srnnigcn bicrbtird) borjubeugen, SJir lino bcluogcn 
finten, bicjenigcn, iiua bcm Scgriffe t>on Stant tint Aird e Iicrgelcitcten runbfSge befannt ju 
madden, lucldK JWir btcrin in emSffytit tcr Slcidio^cfcfee, bco icfetcn Deputation9fd)Iujyl, tint 
felbft attdi nacii tern ^cifpiclc fatluMifibcr n?eltlid;cr 9fcid)6ftanbe ^rolnforifdi tint bio ton Amfer unb 
JKcidi antcce Beftimmungen gctroffen fc^n tocvbcn an^mcbmen fiir gnt ftnbcn, nnb Inonadi fid; llnfere 
ciftlidic unb iwcltlid^c llntcrthanen in torfommentfn Jyallcn ui bcntcffen fycibcn. 

^o ijt btei bci Wne8rttf^ llnfevc VlbfidH lln in tic inncve Hngelegtn^eltttJ btr romifd)= 
fatbolifd^cn .Sirdic ^n mifdicn, fobalt bicfc ohnc niibcrc Sejiebiing auf ten tacit b(o tie Iaubcno= 
Iclircn tint ten Pultuj bctrcffcu unb al3 res mere spirituales ju bctrad^ten fmb : iSiv iDtrten ticlmefyr 
bie auofdilicfilidien SBcrfuauagen tcr cbcrn geiftlidjen Scborten in allein, U>a3 311 ben fogcnannten 
juribus ordinis unb bcr yittirgie gcliort nid)t nur julajjcn, fonbctn and) bantbaben unt foldiergcftalt 
tie eigentlid)cn bi|"du ; fiid)cn S)i5cc| anrcd)tc auf feine iffieife bceintradjtigen. Sagcgen loerten SBir 
ebenfotocnJg ten irgenb jcniant (5 ingriffe in ba lino ^uftcbcnbc jus majcstaticura circa sacra bnlten, 
tint tie 2ant>c8t3terlid)f gurforge fiir taS SBobl llnfcrcr fammtiidjcu llntctibanen and) bci tiefem 
Jmdjtigcn egenftanbe niemala auo bcm Shigc tcriieren. 

nun : 

ba3 ^atronat3rcd}t in llnfcren ncucn fatbolifdicn Sanbcn auf llns al3 SanbeSberrn in 
alien tencn yallen tetolin rt ift, \vo ber torige SJegcnt tcr llns ^itr Pnt|"dsatigting angc= 
toicfcnc, oter auf ter linfen Stbcinfcite bcfinriidie Gorporaticncn tacifclbe atisgciibt babcn; 
fo fint ton nun an nlle in Unfercn fatbolifdicn Sanbcn eintrctentc (^rletigungsfalle 
qeiftlid)er Scneficien tint ^farrcicn llnfcrcr nadigcfct,tcn Sicgicrung alobalt cinjube; 
riditcn, tint ta iiJir 311 SSieberbeff^ung foldicr Steilen nur taugltdje, in iviffenfdiaftlidicr 
fotoobl alo in fittlidjer Inobl gepriifte Subjcctc 311 luiiblcn iwfmfdicn, fo bat llnfere 
Slcgiertmg nidit nur felbft fiber bie ga b.igfcitcn tcr Su^Iieanten forgfaltige Prfun- 
bigungcn cmju^iebcn, fontern and) fid) 3eagniffc iiber bercn 2auglidifcit ton ten 
einfd)iagcntcn iMcariatcn torlcgen 3U laffen. r cmicnigen, lucldicu liiMr nad) gcfd)ebcnem 
Sortrage fiir ten Si>urtigften cvfcnncn, UHrten i^ir alotann tie domination crtl;cilcn, 
tint tcnfclbcn anlucifeu, bci tent cinfd)(agcnten Sicariate tie institutioncm authoriza- 
bilem unb tie Sficifung jut (SinfiU)rung in tie Sird)e gc^iemcnb nctd)3ufud)en. 

iDa abcr llnfere llntertl)ancn obne llnfere antcsberr!id)c Jlutborifation an feinen 
SSergcfctjtcn irgenb ciner Slrt gehsicfen \uerten fonncn, fo bat ber nominirte ^Jfavrcr ton 
ber crbaltcncn mstitutione authorizabili bci Unfcrcr S^egierung bie Slnjcige 311 mad)en, 
ioeld)e bie Ginfiibrung tc3 ncuen $farrer in fein 51mt in tcr ?lrt 3n terfiigen b,at, baf 
fold)e in ber Sirdie ton einein isieariat^Pommiffario in egcntocirt Unferel SocnU 
beainten gcfdjebe, unb bcm (frfteren tic llcbcrgabc ter Sdiluffel ter SUrd)c, be9 
Sabernafdo, tc 2auffteino, tcr ScfiC ted Sciditftubla unb tcr OTai^ef, ale golgc cincr 
ganj fpirituellen Sadie, tetiglid) fibcrlafien bleibe, bie Sorftellung bcefclbcn bingegtn 

NASSAU, &c. 


in bem $farr-- unb Sdjulfoaufc burd) llnfent Bcamfen in cgenhwrt bed 
(Sommiffarii tohVgcn lucrtc. 

lint 1 nad)tem 

3nmtcn, 2iMr tcrmogc ted llnd aid Santedberrn jufommcnbcn 9ied)td tcr Cbavtuffid)t unb 
?lttocation liber tie A into, babju bett entftltdu tt Sebad t iidnncn ivcrten, tap tcr 
ivobltfoa tigc 3toccf bcr Mcligion foiuobl aid tcr StacrtS&eretnigunfl crrcidit luerbe, 
folglidi tabin w fcbcn babcn, fail Tic fintltd c r>k"dpltne unb antcrc Hriortmungtn mit 
ten iibrigcn yantcocjefetjcn tint (Miuid tungcn in cine gli tcflidie >armonie geiradjt unb 
hierburdi bie allgcmcinc ii>ob!fabrt am fidicrftcn befertert luerte, \o tcrftcht co fidi ton 
felbft, baji fcinc geiftu d^e ilx bovtc bcfiuit fett, olnic llnfer SHitluiffen nub nu9trMlidje 
cnel)inigttng fottbe Jlnprtniuu]cu unD jBetfugutiflcn ju trcffen, tucldie mit bcr Siinbcd- 
poli.jei in iBe.^elnm^ [tcbcn, unt in tie burgerlid)etl Scrbdltniffe llnferer llntertljancn, 
liun tintcr luic natiirlidi, audi tic ciftlidu-n tint Sdnibllcbrcr I Cfftantcn put, auf u\|cnl> 
cine 8lrt ciiu^reifen. $3 ift ticfcmnad) llnfcrc bcfcntctc ^iintcybcrrlidic cneljmtgung 
crfortcrlidi : 

a. $u Si^tottonen ter J)ii?ce3, Sufonunen^mtfung bcr Sljnobcn, unb 311 ben Scnbgeridjten 

b. sit Scftimmung bcr 

c. Hfnfufjnmg ncucr gtfl unb gofttSge ; Jlnorbmmg offcnt(id;er cbcrc ; Jlnftcllung ten 

bidl)cr ungeloobnlidien otcr audi nur auf;er Sauted gcbcnten sjkoccfftonen unt antcrcn 
Slcumtngcn in tern aufjeren ottcdticnfte. 

Slid SdniMicrr tcr Svirdu* ivertcn iiMr utajcidi auf tie jtoerfmSjjIge Scrtoaltung unb 
Sieruienttnig ter .fiirdicncinfiinftc cin U>art fain:s ?lugc babcn, unb bauptfad Iidi Uttct 
bit bcffete 6inrid)tung ted Sdnthucfcnd, ter.Sirdicnbucbcv u. f. u>. angclegcn fcxmlaffen. 
Cd ift babcr ton Unfcrcn Scamten unt crid^tcn taratif iu toadicn, bajj fcinc S8er= 
fugnug ton tcr cben angcfi tbrtcn ?lrt cinfeitig unt obne llnfer s JUitluiffcn tint Placet 
jinn S>ellutg gcbrad t Ireite, tint fobalt bcmobngcad tct ettuas abnltdied ton trgcnb 
einer gciftlidicn Scbortc intentirt ivcrtcn Ivolltc ; foglcid) ton tcnfclben tie pflidjrmafigt 
lUnu tgc ui mad)en. 

i\>ao cntlid) 

T l-ittend, bie atdjtdiwtfrit betrifft, fo btcibcn bie ciftlid)cn fatbolifdier SJdigion in tenen 
Sadicn, bie blod ibrc 8lmtbtrrid)tungeu unb bie firdilidjc Sidciplin bctrcffcn, ben 
gciftlidu ii crid^cn allcin ttntergebcn, in alien iibrigcn cgcnfta nben abcr foiuobl bcr 
ftrcitii]cn aid linllfiibtlidicn criditsbarfcit, \vo tiefelben jtiglcidi aid Staatc-bi trgec 
erfduinen, fmb fie ben lucltlidicn crid^tcn audfd^lie^lid) unb urn fo mcbr unterwotfen, 
aid bic torigen gciftlicbcn Slcgcntcn nur in ter (5 igenfdiajt aid Santcdbcrrcn fi tv bicfe 
$erfoncn cigcnc etid)t anuiortncn bcfugt li aren. 

SSic tcrorbncn jctod), tap bicfe ciftltd c (mit Sludnabme bcr Aird^cnticncr unb 
Sdiuilcbrcr, tocMe ten respective Slemtcrn untergcbcn lucrtcn) glcidi antcrn pritt= 
Icjiirtcn ijkrfoncn in crftcr 3uftan^ untcr llnfcrcm .6ofgerid)te \i\ SBiffibaben ftcbcn, ttnb 
tor bcmfclben bclangt tvcrben follcn. Sci Stcrbfallen fint abcr tic rbfignationen tor. 
ten ctnfdjlagetibcti aemttrn ex commissione perpetua obne 3 u a fH 111 ^ ciner antcren 
Scborbc luu Utncbmcn ! bci tcr ^ntcntarifation btngcgcn ift cin 3Mcariate<tcpntirtcr 
jitjitjiclicn, bamit bicfcm tic in bad s |5aftoral-- otcr Sencfkialamt cinfdilagcnten $apicrc 
rtttSgcljiintigt nxrteu fonncn. 

SRattimonialfadjen gcbcrcn nur bann tor ein gciftlid^cd cridit, toenn bie Pbe nid)t 
foluobl aid bi trgcrlidicr (Contract, fontcrn aid Sacrament bctrad^tct teirt ; in alien 
iibrigen fallen abcr, \vo nid)t ton cittern impedimento canonico unt cigcncn SRcligiono- 
gefct,en tie 9(cte ift, fmb bicfelbc bleo Dor tent nxltlidicn Diiditcr 511 cntfd^citcn. 
Causae Beneficiorum, decimarum et juris Patronatus fonncn ton nun an nnrec 
fetncm 2$orlvanb tor ein gciftlidKd cridit gc^ogen \vertcn. 

2Sir befcblen bemnad) alien llnfent gcif> unb iiH ltlidien llntcrtbancn biermit fo gnatig aid 
ernftlid), tiefer llnferer (Sbtrtatoerorbnung in alien ^uncten fttnftigbin gcliorfamft nadijtilebcn unb 
liieranf ibrcm Pibe unb ^flid^tcn gemiip unabbriidilidi feftjubaltcn, llnferer nad gcfctjitcn Siegierung 
attfbebent ticfcd llnfer (Stict tin rucf ^u befortcnt unt berfommlidiennatjcn 311 jctcnnannd iJiffen= 
|d)aft tcrfiinten laffen. llrhtnblid) llnferer cigcnl;anbtgcn Unterfdirift unb beigebritcEtcn furftltdjew 

egcben in llnfcrcm SRefibci^fdMc ffc Sicbridi ben 31. 5(uguft 1S03. 

(L. S.) grictrid) Slugttft, gftrft 311 2iaifau-llfingcn. 

(Translation ) 
(On the limits of the Powers of the Sovereign and of the Bishop.) 

WE, Frederick Augustus, by the Grace of God, Sovereign of Nassau, &c., 
make known : 

That whereas the power of the Sovereign and that of the bishop was, in 
former times, united in one and the same person ; and whereas the careful 
determination of the limits between the rights of the two was, therefore, less 
necessary, because, on that account, cases of collision were not likely to occur. 

64 NASSAU, &c. 

and the spiritual rulers might in consequence often leave it undermined, in which 
capacity they exercised their rights, and issued regulations : and whereas now 
after the separation of these two powers, the regulation of affairs and the security 
of mutual rights in the countries where the distinction is made require the line of 
demarcation to be accurately determined, whereby all injurious collisions and 
errors may be prevented : 

We find ourselves called upon to proclaim those principles which arise 
from the nature of State and Church, and which, in conformity with the laws 
of the empire, the latest resolution of the representative body, and the example of 
the Catholic temporal States of the empire, we find it expedient to adopt pro 
visionally, and until the Emperor and the empire shall make different re-ula- 
tions ; to which principles our spiritual and temporal subjects shall conform 
whenever the cases arises. 

It is by no means our intention to interfere hereby with the affairs of the 
Roman Catholic Church, whenever they have not direct bearing upon the State, 
which concern merely the doctrine of faith and the divine service, and are only to be 
looked upon as res mere spirituals ; on the contrary we not onlv allow those 
especial regulations of the above spiritual authorities in all that appertains to 
the so-called juribus ordinis and the liturgy, but we shall also uphold the same, 
and thus in no way trench upon the particular rights of the diocese. But, on 
the other hand, we shall not allow any one to make encroachments on the jus 
majestaticum circa sacra which belongs to us, and in regard to this important 
matter we shall never Jose sight of our paternal care for the welfare of all our 

Now, Firstly. Whereas the right of patronage in our new Catholic provinces 
has devolved upon us as the Sovereign, in all those cases in which the former 
ruler of the corporations, ceded to us by way of indemnification, or because 
situated on the left bank of the Rhine, did exercise that right, therefore all 
vacancies of spiritual benefices and curacies which may occur in our Catholic 
provinces, are henceforth to be forthwith reported to our Government ; and it 
being our desire to fill up such vacanies only with competent subjects in point of 
learning and morals, our Government will not only have to make strict in 
quiries as to the qualification of the supplicants, but also to require certification 
as to their fitness from the proper episcopal authority. The party whom, from 
the report received, w r e find the most deserving, we shall then nominate and 
direct the same to apply in due form to the proper authorities for the institu- 
tionem authorizabilem, and the order for installation into the church. 

Since, however, our subjects cannot, without our authorization, apply to 
any superior whatever, the nominated clergyman shall give notice of his having 
received the institutionem authorizabilem to our Government, which shall direct 
the installation of the new curate into his office, so that it may take place in the 
church by an episcopal commissioner in the presence of our local functionary, 
when the former shall merely deliver over the church keys, the tabernacle, the 
font, the possession of the confessional, and of the pulpit, all of which consti 
tute the purely ecclesiastical affair, whilst the presentation of the same shall 
take place in the parsonage and school house by our functionary, in presence of 
the episcopal commissioner. 

Secondly, since the right of inspection and advocation of the church 
belongs to us as Sovereign, it will be our anxious care that beneficial objects of 
religion, and of the union of States be attained, for which purpose we have to 
see that the discipline and other regulations of the Church be brought into 
perfect harmony with the other laws and institutions of the country, thereby 
promoting in the surest way the general welfare ; it follows, therefore, as a 
matter of course, that no spiritual authority is allowed without our knowledge 
and express consent, to make such regulations and arrangements as have 
reference to the general polity, and in any way encroach upon the civil relations 
of our subjects, among whom naturally all ecclesiastical persons and teachers are 
included. Therefore our special consent as Sovereign is required : 

c. For visitation of dioceses, convocation of synods, and the synodal judicar 
ture with regard to church livings. 

b. For determining the demarcation of parishes. 

c. For introducing new festivals and fasts, ordering public prayers, arranging 
processions hitherto not customary, even those which only proceed out of the 
country, and for other innovations with regard to external worship. 

NASSAU, &c. 65 

Being protector of the church, we shall withal keep a watchful eye upon 
the proper administration and application of the church revenues, and princi 
pally direct our particular attention to a better regulation of school matters, 
church books, &c. 

Our functionaries and courts shall therefore take care that no regulation 
of the nature just mentioned shall be, without our privity and placet, at any 
time carried into execution ; and if, nevertheless, anything of the kind should be 
attempted by any spiritual authority, that they report the same immediately as 
in duty bound. 

Thirdly and lastly, touching the jurisdiction with regard to the clergy of 
the Catholic religion in matters concerning their functions only and the discipline 
of the Church, they remain subject to the spiritual courts only. In all other 
matters, however, of litigation and of arbitrary jurisdiction, where they appear 
at the same time in their capacity as citizens of the State, they are exclusively 
subject to the temporal courts, and this the more especially as the former 
spiritual rulers could order separate courts for those persons only in their 
capacity as Sovereigns. 

We ordain, however, that those ecclesiastical persons (with the exception 
of church-assistants and schoolmasters, who will he placed under the respective 
authorities) like other privileged persons, be, for the first instance, subject to 
our Supreme Court at Wiesbaden, in which proceedings are to be instituted 
against them. In case of death, however, certification shall be made before the 
proper courts ex commissions perpetua, without admission of any other authority. 
On the other hand, when the inventory is taken, an episcopal deputy shall be 
called in, that he may receive all papers which have any reference to the curacy 
or benefice. 

Matrimonial affairs belong to a spiritual court only in cases where the 
marriage is considered not as a civil contract but as a sacrament ; in all other 
cases, however, where there is no question of an impedimentum canonicum or of 
a special religious Jaw. they shall only be decided before the temporal judges. 
Causes Bcncjiciorum, dccimarum, et juris patronatus cannot, henceforth, be brought 
under any pretext whatever before a spiritual court. 

We therefore hereby command, as graciously as strictly, all our spiritual 
and temporal subjects to obey henceforth this our present edict in every point, 
and to maintain it inviolably in conformity with their oath and their duties ; and 
we direct our Government to cause this our edict to be printed and proclaimed 
as customary for general information. 

Witness our sign-manual and seal of sovereignty. 

Given in our Castle of Biebrich, the 31st August, 1803. 


Sovereign Prince of Nassau Usingen. 




No. 3. 
The Hon. W. Temple to Viscount Palmerston. (Received April 13.) 

My Lord, Naples, April 3, 1851. 

IN my despatch of the 21st of January* I stated to your Lordship 
that I had been informed, that during the present reign the King- of 
Naples has on two occasions refused to affix his exequatur to the bulls 
granted by the Pope to bishops-elect, even after they had been conse 
crated at Rome on the King s nomination. 

I have since endeavoured to ascertain the date and other particulars 
of the above-mentioned transactions ; and I have received the following 
more precise details upon the subjects. 

In the year 1848, Signor Pappalardo, on the recommendation of the 
King of Naples, was appointed Archbishop of Conga and Campagna by 
the present Pope, who was at that time residing at Gaeta. Signor Pappa 
lardo was accordingly consecrated, and was invested with the Pallium. 

After his consecration, however, the King, for some reasons not 
generally known, regretting that he had asked for the appointment of 
Signor Pappalardo to the archbishopric, refused to grant the exequatur of 
the brief of consecration, and would not allow him to proceed to his 

After considerable discussion, Signor Pappalardo was at last induced 
to resign his see, but as his consecration could not be annulled, he was 
appointed one of the mitred canons of the cathedral at Naples with the 
right to the title of " Monsignore Arcivescovo, and of enjoying all the 
honours and privileges appertaining to the rank of bishop. 

Signor Cervo having been named by the King to be Archbishop of 
Brindisi, was appointed by the Pope to that see, but before the bull was 
published, and before he had gone to Rome for consecration, the King 
altered his mind, and gave notice that he would not grant him the 

In this case, as the consecration had not taken place, the chief difficulty 
was avoided. 

The precise date of this occurrence could not be ascertained, but it 
took place since the year 1838. 

It appears thus, that in the case of Signor Pappalardo, the consecra 
tion had actually taken place, not at Rome indeed, but at Gaeta; but in 
the case of Signor Cervo, although the bull had been issued, the ceremony 
of the consecration had not been performed. 

I am assured that other instances of a similar nature have occurred, 
but it is difficult to obtain precise information upon the subject. 

I have, &c. 
(Signed) W. TEMPLE. 

See Papers presented March 27, 1851 ; page 273. 


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